The Rise And Fall Of The French Revolution

1711 words - 7 pages

The Rise and Fall of The French Revolution
By Rhiannon Collins

When starting this paper the question that was kept in mind was the French Revolution worth the price that was paid and was the revolution a success. My first answer was no due to the amount of violence and the amount of lives lost, also due to the fact that the monarchy in some sense, had been reestablished through Napoleon. Though there was tens of thousands of lives lost the French Revolution played an important role in history.
Jeff Goodwin, a professor of sociology at New York University, defines revolution as," any and all instances in which a state or political regime is overthrown and thereby transformed by a ...view middle of the document...

While the rich got richer, the poor got poorer. People were starving and jobless, but the royal monarch continued living these extremely grandiose lifestyles. The country was going bankrupt due to these extreme and greedy lifestyles and also due to funding many war efforts, such as the Seven Years War. Surely there were other factors that got the wheels spinning for this historic event to happen but those I believe these were the main causes.
Louis the sixteenth came to reign in 1774 after his grandfather Louis the fifteenth died of small pox. Louis was an indecisive man but none the less he was now king of France. He married a young Austrian by the name of Marie Antoinette who thoroughly enjoyed spending the royal money, and did not care to hide her spending. One major event that occurred of the revolution was Louis the sixteenth put the Parlement of Paris back in office in 1774, after his predecessor Louis the fifteenth disestablished them in 1771. King Louis the sixteenth began appointing nobles to the royal offices once held by middle class men. This in turn gave nobility more power than they had already. The government budget was spent on national debt, army and navy upkeep and development, and on the monarch itself. This left little money anything else. This was caused the bankruptcy of France, which was the beginning of the French Revolution. To raise money there was a proposal for a property tax that would include commoners and nobles alike. The Parlement refused and concluded that this was a instance where the Estates General should rule. The calling together of the Estates General was a major event in the revolutionary time simply because of the fact that they had not been called to convene since 1614. The First and Second Estate wanted to vote by order, which would outnumber the Third Estate. The Third Estate thought that each man should have one vote, that would outnumber the other two Estates though. The Estates could not come to a compromise and this back and forth led the Third Estate to forming The National Assembly. This was the first step towards revolt, and another major event in the revolution. With this act of defiance the King had the Third Estate members locked out of the Estates General. This made way for another major event known as the Tennis Court Oath. June 20 1789 the National Assembly assembled in the king's indoor tennis court and swore and oath to one another. This oath stated that they would not dissolve until France was given a new constitution. This is the beginning of a rise of people who wanted change in their government for their people and their country. In July 1789 another major event occurred in the Fall of Bastille. A mob seeking weapons stormed the castle prison and took it over. Another mob marched and invaded Versailles in October of 1789 which led to the King and Queens' move to Paris where they were pretty much held as captives. A new constitution was created in 1791. This constitution gave the...

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