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The Right Honorable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill

1476 words - 6 pages

The Right Honorable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill

by

Drake Winn
March 8, 2011

Thesis: The life and world impact of Winston Churchill was very influential to us all.

OUTLINE
I. Introduction
II. Early life
A. Born 30th of November in 1874
Followed military-guided lifestyle
Education
A. Education was through military-based schools
Took final exam three times to pass
Mid-life
A. Family consisted of wife and four children
B. Alcohol consumption
* V. Later years
A. Writing consisted of excellent works
B. Painting as a side artist
C. Strong speeches
D. Died 24th of January in 1965
* VI. Conclusion
* VII. Works Cited
...view middle of the document...

One thing rings true - the life of The Right Honorable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill impacted the world. (Welcome to WinstonChurchill.org 1)
He was educated at Harrow and Sandhurst. Churchill went to South Africa in 1899 as a war correspondent. He was captured and held in a POW camp in Pretoria after war broke out between Britain and the Boer Republic. He bravely escaped but instead of returning home, he rejoined General Redvers Buller’s army to assist the British at the Siege of Ladysmith. This impressive feat, made him a sort of national hero. When he returned to England eight months later, it was on the very ship on which he sailed to South Africa. Later he published his books “London to Ladysmith Via Pretoria” and “Ian Hamilton's March." After a brief but eventful career in the army, he became a Conservative Member of Parliament in 1900. He held many high posts in Liberal and Conservative governments during the first three decades of the century. At the outbreak of the Second World War, he was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty - a post which he had earlier held from 1911 to 1915. (Ward & Burns 107) In May 1940, he became Prime Minister and Minister of Defense and remained in office until 1945. He took over the premiership again in the Conservative victory of 1951 and resigned in 1955. In June of 1953, Churchill’s health was dealt a severe blow, (he had earlier suffered a mild heart attack in 1941 at the White House and had contracted pneumonia in 1943. This never seemed to affect his work much as he traveled over 100,000 miles as Colonel Warden throughout the war to meet other leaders) he suffered a stroke. This news was kept from the public and he went to his country home to recuperate. However, he remained a Member of Parliament until the general election of 1964, when he did not seek re-election. Queen Elizabeth II conferred on Churchill the dignity of Knighthood and invested him with the insignia of the Order of the Garter in 1953. Among the other countless honors and decorations he received, special mention should be made of the honorary citizenship of the United States which President Kennedy conferred on him in 1963.
Churchill's literary career began with campaign reports: The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and The River War (1899), an account of the campaign in the Sudan and the Battle of Omdurman. In 1900, he published his only novel, Savrola, and, six years later, his first major work, the biography of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill. His other famous biography, the life of his great ancestor, the Duke of Marlborough, was published in four volumes between 1933 and 1938. (Churchill 19) Churchill's history of the First World War appeared in four volumes under the title of The World Crisis (1923-29); his memoirs of the Second World War ran to six volumes (1948-1953/54). (Gilbert 72) After his retirement from office, Churchill wrote a History of the English-speaking Peoples (4 vols., 1956-58). His...

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