This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Realiability And Authenticity Of The Bible

2342 words - 10 pages

The reliability and authenticity of the Bible

The Bible claims to be the inspired word of God (2 Tim. 3:16, TEV). Yet much controversy and criticism exists over this book. If we are to accept and base our lives on the Bible as the word of God, then we need to have confidence in the reliability and the authenticity of the Bible. That is, we need to have confidence that the Bible is dependable and trustworthy and that what was written did happen. This essay outlines some convincing evidence to prove that this is the case. I will summarize and discuss bibliographical, external and internal evidence which confirms the reliability and authenticity of the bible.
One of the first pieces of ...view middle of the document...

The nearest to this is the Iliad by Homer, which has 643 manuscripts surviving.
It is also important to examine the quality of the manuscripts. Geisler (1968) points out that there was such reverence for the Jewish scriptures that all kinds of formal rules were established regarding the copying of the scriptures. These included the kind of ink, and skins, the size of the columns, religious rituals, the spacing of the words and the methodological counting of letters and lines. Even the smallest error meant that the manuscript would be destroyed. This formalism explains why the extant are of such high quality.
When we consider the New Testament manuscripts, one argument is that there are as many as 300,000 to 400,000 variants and inaccuracies in the New Testament alone (Ehrmann, 2005). Since there are so many inaccuracies then the New Testament cannot be trusted. One of the reasons for the large number of variants is the extremely large number of New Testament manuscripts available (McDowell and McDowell, 2009). When these variants are examined, however, 99% of these hold no significance and are over small words such as Christ Jesus instead of Jesus Christ or spelling differences. Overall, only fifty are significant, and none of these are to do with doctrine, faith or morality. (McDowell and McDowell, 2009). The variance argument when examined only proves the high degree of confidence we can have in the New Testament as valid.
Evidence also exists for the accuracy of transmission of the Old Testament. The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947 revealed the book of Isaiah almost word for word. Other books of the Old Testament were also revealed, accurately aligning with Old Testament manuscripts, although they were one thousand years older than the available Hebrew texts of the Bible (Varner, W. 1997).
We also need to examine the antiquity of the manuscripts. This refers to how long after the event a document was written. With the need for copying, the closer to the time of writing, the less likelihood of errors there would be. In examining the New Testament almost all were written between 47 A.D. and 70 A.D. All of it was written 150 years after the birth of Christ (Strobel, 2000).This is clearly not long enough for myths and legends to occur.
When the New Testament documents are compared to other ancient writings, such as
Thucydides 460 – 400 B.C. written 1300 years after writing and only 8 attesting manuscripts. Aristotle wrote Poetice around 343 BC, yet the earliest copy is dated 1400 years later and there were only 49 manuscripts. These documents are not questioned as to their reliability and historicity.
I can confidently conclude from this section that the New Testament records are superior to comparable ancient writings.
The second main category of evidence for the reliability and authenticity of the Bible lies in external evidence, or outside evidence that confirms that events recorded in the Bible really did happen....

Other Papers Like The Realiability and Authenticity of the Bible

The Poisonwood Bible and White Teeth

1898 words - 8 pages Sophie Kanno Ms. Storti English 10 H 1 April 2008 The Loss of Faith in Old Beliefs in The Poisonwood Bible and White Teeth “I only had time to save one precious thing. […] Not my clothes, there wasn’t enough time and not the Bible – it didn’t seem worth saving at the moment” (Kingsolver 301). Rachel Price, a character in Barbara Kingsolver’s The Poisonwood Bible, is losing her faith in the Christian religion. In a time of

The Bible Means What It Says - and That Is the End of the Matter

863 words - 4 pages “The Bible means what it says – and that is the end of the matter.” Discuss. This is a topic that has been debated many a time, and by a large group of people. This is because it has such a large effect on a large amount of people. This statement can be said to be the reason for splits in religions such as in Christianity where there are denominations based on how each group of people perceive and understand the Bible. Examples of this are

The Universal Truths on the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Hebrew Bible

610 words - 3 pages Christopher Gilchrist Professor Ms. Alyse W. Jones World Literature I - English 2111 October 7, 2012 The Universal Truths on ‘The Epic of Gilgamesh & The Hebrew Bible’ The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Hebrew Bible are considered by their audiences’ as two of the greatest literary works of ancient literature. The universal truths on The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Hebrew Bible, are most fundamental when viewed from both the contemporary

The Good News Bible

524 words - 3 pages that the advice I receive from the bible will lead me to make the right decisions in life.The Good News Bible created the groundwork of my relationship with god and made me desire more knowledge of him.This item was given to me by my high soccer coach Dale Poole, who always knew I had a love for Christ and wanted me to strengthen my faith in him.The Bible reveals my strong relationship with God, my love for god, and my desire for more knowledge of

Religion: Understanding The Bible

1493 words - 6 pages The first chapter of the Understanding The Bible breaks down the Bible and explains it’s components. The Bible is the sacred text of two religions, Judaism and Christianity. According to Slick (n.d.), The Bible is a collection of 66 books written by about 40 authors, in three different languages, on three different continents, over approximately 1600 years. The Bible contains many different styles of writing such as narration, fiction, poetry

The Bible Vs. "Gilgamesh"

851 words - 4 pages When I came to this class the only flood that I had ever heard of was the flood from the bible, the one with Noah. All I knew was that he built a boat and took his family, as well as a female and a male of every living creature with him. So when I read Gilgamesh I was surprised when I reached the fifth chapter that was titled the story of the flood. It was very interesting to read since I only knew of one flood. The two accounts of the great

Covenants In The Bible

2049 words - 9 pages The Role of Covenant in the Bible Isabella PignatelloApril 3, 2013The bible is a book filled with many different themes and lessons, most of them having a direct root in the idea of human nature. One reoccurring theme or event rather, that stood out to me was the idea of covenant in the bible. Covenant plays a huge role in the Christian religion, and it could even be said that it holds the whole basis of Christianity.There are quite a few

The Poisonwood Bible

1482 words - 6 pages Guilt is one of the main themes in the novel, The Poisonwood Bible, by Barbara Kingsolver. It is the main cause of the Prices’ unsuccessful trip to Congo. The story defines each character’s guilt and how they try to earn forgiveness. Since “One has only a life of one’s own” (5) to blame, the characters will have to deal and solve their own burden of guilt. Nathan has to overcome his coward ness in WWII, while Orleanna has to live with the burden

The Bible Knowledge Commentary

4198 words - 17 pages Evangelism in the Early Church [Wisconsin Lutheran Seminary, November 14, 1985] by Joel L. Pless The primary mission of the Christian Church is to preach the gospel to all nations, it is to win souls for Christ. The fact that there are approximately one billion at least nominal Christians in the world indicates that Christ’s Great Commission has been at least partially carried out. This monograph will research how and by whom was the Great

Bible Among the Myths

2179 words - 9 pages 1. What is the dry adiabatic lapse rate (give a number with units)? The cooling and warming of unsaturated air of 10C every 1000 meters or about 5.5F for every 1000 feet. The rate of change of any meteorological factor with altitude, esp atmospheric temperature, which usually decreases at a rate of 0.6°C per 100 metres (environmental lapse rate). Unsaturated air loses about 1°C per 100 m (dry adiabatic lapse rate), whereas saturated air loses

Explain How the Bible Presents the Goodness of God

747 words - 3 pages The Bible consists of the Old and New Testaments and is said to be written by people who had divine inspiration, thus it is referred to by Christians as the ‘book of God’. The Bible presents God in several various manners, however they all hold in common the value of God’s goodness. Four examples of this are that the Bible states God is morally perfect, the judge of mankind, the law-giver, and the sending of Jesus to humanity. Arguably one of

Related Essays

Reliability Of The Bible Essay

1809 words - 8 pages – Review of related literature. Chapter III – Methodology * Research design * Data gathering procedure * Respondents Chapter IV – Conclusion and recommendation. Introduction Background of the study The bible is a book, used as a guide, and the vital proof of the faith of many Christians, which includes many promises, and histories, many of which are already being verified as facts, e.g.: the parting of the Red sea, in which

The Authority Of The Bible Essay

1437 words - 6 pages   Reflection Paper 21APR11 THEO104 Phillip A Johnson #L23636707 The Authority of the Bible The purpose of this paper is to share some thoughts of what we learned over this semester. Many thoughts will come from what I have written during the class and from the Core of Christianity, Elmer Towns. The topics I chosen to discuss is Does the Bible have authority, Did Jesus claim to be God and How can we be confident that Jesus is

Social Justice And The Bible Essay

4943 words - 20 pages Social Justice and the Bible While it appears one is compassionate when this term of “social justice” is used we now know where it comes from. You find neither the term nor the principle in the Bible; nor in the US Constitution. There are liberal/progressive Christians that claim “social justice” is part of the gospel. We are not commissioned to transform society and make sure everything is equal. We are called to rehabilitate sinners by the

Perfect Numbers Of The Bible Essay

1254 words - 6 pages Perfect Numbers of the Bible Perfect Numbers of the Bible “As for God His way is perfect.” {2 Samuel 22:31} God is a being of perfect magnitude and we learn of his trials and tribulations through his word, the Bible. The Bible teaches us many things, such as: how to love, accept hurt, forgive one another, and show mercy to others. There are many symbolisms within the Word of God, including the use of numbers. Often in The Bible, the