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The Pre Raphaelite Brotherhood Essay

710 words - 3 pages

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, founded in autumn 1848, was an original artistic response to the revolutionary outbursts of the time in continental Europe. The mysterious letters “P.R.B.” features on the paintings of the young and completely unknown artists caused a stir in the English society. This group was comprised of London’s Academy students including John Everett Millais, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and William Holman Hunt, each of whom was eager to change not only the principles of modern art but also the role it played in society. Combining scientific precision, an innovative approach to subject matter, and brilliant, clear colors, Pre-Raphaelitism was Britain's first avant-garde art ...view middle of the document...

Continuing to pay close attention to the accuracy of costumes and accessories, they created the new genre of historical painting, with relationships between characters and their emotions at its centre.
“Go to the nature in all singleness of heart and walk with her laboriously and trustingly… rejecting nothing, selecting nothing and scorning nothing.” This advice to landscape painters, offered by Ruskin galvanized the Pre-Raphaelites. Embracing the idea that artists should refrain from changing what they observe in nature, they sought to capture its truth by transcribing every blade of grass, every crinkled leaf.
Some critics accused the Pre-Raphaelites of relying on photography to arrive at their extreme accuracy. In fact, the artists were adamant about painting outdoors directly from nature, as Millais did with “Ophelia” and Inchbold with “At Bolton”.
In the 1860-s, “P.R.B.” gradually relinquished their labor-intensive handling of paint in favour of looser brushstrokes and a softer surface effect. Delight in the purely visual eclipsed the earnest search for truth as they made explorations of beauty their primary quest.
Sensuous, half-length female figures with luxurious, wavy tresses became central motif of Rossetti’s later...

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