The Practical Application Of The Age Of Criminal Responsibilities

1509 words - 7 pages

The Practical Application of the Age of Criminal Responsibilities
It is crucial to understand the purpose and the consequences of having the minimum age of criminal responsibilities set at a young age. There have been many studies completed that give appreciation to the rights of children and give an understanding of their specific capabilities. Being informed about children’s culpability, their competence to participate in the criminal justice system (CJS) and the consequences of criminalising them at a young age are crucial areas that need to be looked at in detail when thinking of setting with a minimum age of criminal responsibilities (Farmer, 2011). Adolescents are around the age of ...view middle of the document...

Adolescence is a crucial period for the maturation of the prefrontal cortex and is fully developed around the age of 18. At this age, there is a greater reactivity of the socioemotional systems of the brain and there is an increase of dopamine in association with an increase in sensitivity to reward (Farmer, 2011). This basically illustrates that there is a risk of partaking in delinquent behaviour during the early to mid-adolescent period which leads to an increase of impulsivity (Farmer, 2011).It is important to know the fact that children are often vulnerable at the age of 10-14 to peer influence.
In terms of criminal law, Farmer (2011) states that individuals are clearly examined whether, at the time of the crime, if they are fully culpable for their behaviour and if their thinking was significantly impaired at the time of the crime (e.g. the diminished responsibility defence). As already stated, this supports the idea that children and young adolescents are vulnerable because their moral decision making is impaired in the executive functioning (EF), future orientation and social cognition (Farmer, 2011). This does not help with the fact that young adolescence have an increased sense of reward who value peer acceptance, which creates an environment for delinquent acts (Farmer, 2011).
It is crucial to understand how competent individuals are when convicted of a crime for an effective trial (Farmer, 2011). They must have a good understanding of court processes, know the charges against them, and know what their defences are and their possible consequences (Farmer, 2011). It is important for young people to understand the purpose of interviews and understanding the questions and significance of answers given in these interviews (Farmer, 2011).
Farmer (2011), states that competency becomes threatened by suggestibility and compliance, which are characteristics that are connected with youth. Suggestibility refers to the tendency to change one’s mind due to pressure or suggestions from others and compliance deals with going along with another individual’s proposition, even if it is something that you do not agree with (Farmer, 2011). There are numerous studies that support the idea that compliance is influenced by age. Studies have shown that over 75% of children aged 11-13 decided to accept a plea offer compared to 50% of adults, and 55% have decided to fully confessed compared to 15% of young adults (Farmer, 2011).
The results from these studies also indicate that competence to participate in the CJS is increased with age (Farmer, 2011). During detention and interrogation, an “appropriate adult”, like a parent or a guardian, must be present when dealing with juveniles during police questioning for protection (Farmer, 2011). However, in 62% of cases involving juveniles, these adults convinced the accused to waive their rights to legal representation, which is an indication of their decision making freedom being replaced by...

Other Papers Like The Practical Application of the Age of Criminal Responsibilities

The Coming Of Age Essay

1679 words - 7 pages THE COMING OF AGE The novel My Antonia, is a novel that is full of stories, but the most central story is the one of Jim and Antonia and their growth from childhood to their adulthood. Each character follows a different path to adulthood, each with their own influences and obstacles. I will focus on Antonia and Jim's coming of age throughout the novel, My Antonia. Antonia's coming of age was more difficult than Jim's

The Age of Gnumeric Essay

811 words - 4 pages THE AGE OF GNUMERIC VOIM 220 October 6, 2014 Instructor L. Hughes Although the average person is accustomed to the world of Excel and Access, there are other database programs and spread sheets out there; other spreadsheets that will prove to be just as effective and low in cost as opposed to Excel and Access. In our digital world full of digital citizens there has been an epilogue of database programs and spreadsheets that have cornered

The Roles and Responsibilities of a Teacher

591 words - 3 pages Assessment one: Essay: The Roles and Responsibilities of a Teacher The role of the modern teacher has evolved considerably over time. It is no longer commonplace for a teacher to simply scibe at the front of a classroom whilst students copy down text. A teacher has a moral and statutory responsibility to their learners. This essay will examine how safeguarding, equality and diversity and professional codes impact on the teacher

The Purpose Of Criminal Law

1135 words - 5 pages constitution is meant to afford all our citizens legal equality. Guilty until proven innocent is a widely known statement and it because of due process that this right is afforded us. This means that an accusation of criminal deviance must be proven beyond all reasonable doubt. Certain presumtions may be made and accepted as fact should no evidence to the contrary be presented; however, a jury of our peers (or a Judge should a jury trial be

The Responsibilities of Different Levels of Government in the Uk

1395 words - 6 pages Assignment 1 The responsibilities of different levels of Government in the UK There are many different levels of government in the UK. The diagram below describes those levels. ↓ UK Parliament ← → Taxes ↓ Welsh Assembly

Birth of the Industrial Age

653 words - 3 pages HIS 109: Birth of the Industrial Age Invention | Inventor/Year | Description/significance | 1.The Atmospheric Steam Engine | 1712Thomas Newcomen | The Atmospheric Steam Engine was built on top of a water filled mine shaft and used it to pump the water out of the mine. The Newcomen engine was the predecessor to the Watt engine and it was one of the most interesting pieces of technology developed during the 1700's (Mintz, 2012

Age of the Mobile Wallet

1317 words - 6 pages University of La Verne La Verne, California The Age of the Mobile Wallet A Paper Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for BUS500F: Business Marketing College of Business and Public Management Department of Marketing September 2015 Trend Identification: Today's digital technology is constantly evolving. A significant and popular financial trend that has

The Golden Age of Spain

2303 words - 10 pages New World. Collumbus view of the The New World, taken from The Golden Age of Spain 1469-1598 source documents, 2014. Parting ton. J. R, A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder Coleman. D, Creating Christian Granada: Society and Religious Culture in an Old-World Frontier City, 1492-1600. Elliot. J. H, Imperial Spain 1469-1716, Penguin.

The Internet Age Of Democracy

2190 words - 9 pages exactly rocket science to write a piece of idiot-proof voting software that requires a “yes” or “no” decision at the end of it. Once introduced, direct voting – on all new legislation – would overcome any current problems with equal rights. Some 50% of the population are female and all of them, above the voting age, would be entitled to vote; as would members of every other minority group. An early question is, ‘does the greater number of UK MPs

The Digital Age of Education

1139 words - 5 pages The Digital Age of Education: Who Benefits More in a Mutual Learning Environment? It is 8:00 in the morning and another school day has just begun. Mrs. Sullivan is powering on her SMART board so she can demonstrate today’s spelling lesson to her first grade class. Mr. Price is waiting for the bulb in his projector to achieve its maximum brightness before he begins showing his fourth grade history class an interactive map about Christopher

Application of Hr in the Global Environment

1503 words - 7 pages Application of HR in the Global Environment Analyze Personnel Needs to Support Globalization Efforts Marie Getty Cornet Northcentral University Abstract In these days of age Globalization plays a major role in businesses. More and more companies are conducting businesses overseas because of many factors such as competition between companies, low cost, demand, faster services and they also represent the main factors that had contributed

Related Essays

Ethical Responsibilities Of The Media Essay

1526 words - 7 pages The role of the media is to formally update the people about what is happening in the world around them. This means that it should give the audience an objective view of what is occurring without violating any human rights or offending viewers. Since there are no certain limitations put on broadcasting violent material, some Arab media channels like Al-Jazeera started excelling in giving the viewer a complete picture about what is occurring in

Discuss How The Interaction Of Class, Gender, Race And Age Affects Criminal Opportunities

312 words - 2 pages 1. Discuss How the Interaction of Class, Gender, Race and Age Affects Criminal Opportunities Many criminologists have looked for the answers on the effects of crime with only a few who agree on common grounds on why some choose to commit crimes and others choose to defy it even though there are given opportunities. Criminologists have found four sociological variables class, gender, race, and age are now viewed as a direct contributor to

Responsibilities Of The Different Levels Of Government

3680 words - 15 pages and in committees, and conveying their constituent views to the government and supporting on their behalf, Members also have responsibilities in many other areas. They act as ‘ombudsmen’ by giving information to members and resolving problems. Also they act as ‘law-makers’ by either initiating laws of their own or recommending adjustments to government and other Members’ bills (laws). They develop specialized information in one or more of the

The Age Of Pericles Essay

2042 words - 9 pages  Age of Pericles The Age of Pericles was a very important time period because it had a major impact on life today. It was ran by a direct democracy which gives citizens direct part in day to day affairs of government. It can give people a little too much freedom in which they can take advantage. They were also very big in arts and architecture. Arts and architecture were done to nearly perfection when worked on