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The Post World War Was Primarily Shaped By A Clash Between Communism And Capitalism

2035 words - 9 pages

THE POST WAR WORLD WAS PRIMARILY SHAPED BY A CLASH BETWEEN COMMUNISM AND CAPITALISM. With the common enemy Germany defeated in 1945 the allies’ United States, Britain and Soviet Union found themselves in confrontation with each other pertaining the shape of world (Kegley, 2007:110).The division was enhanced by difference in ideologies in which one was bound to follow in its quest for conquest and expansion of spheres of influence thereby upsetting the other (Campbell,2004:112).Thus according to Churchill an “iron curtain” was created which meant the hostilities between these two blocs emerged. Different events occurred both in Europe, Asia and Africa which were caused directly or indirectly ...view middle of the document...

Tensions arose concerning the payment of reparation by Germany to Soviet. The United States and its western allies feared that if Germany paid reparation to the Soviet Union its economy would be brought to a standstill thereby leaving it vulnerable to the westward expansion of communism into western Europe a scenario which the United States and the West were not prepared to accept. Also the occupation of Germany by the

Soviet Union also meant that the United States business relation with Germany would be shuttered as the Soviet Union would monopolize all markets and industries thereby affecting free trade in Germany which is against the capitalist ideology of free trade among nations. The effect of this disagreement is that in less than three years after having disputes Germany was divided into two hostile camps East Germany being occupied by the communist and the West Germany occupied by the capitalist (McWilliams,1997:41). Another clash between the communist supported forces the leftist and capitalist the royalist forces occurred in the Greek Civil War. After realizing that they could not win the elections the leftist boycotted elections (Keylor,2003:31).Elections went on and the royalist with the support of Britain won and established the government with the restoration of the monarchy (Powers, 1969:848).Being unhappy on what was happening the communist with the support of Yugoslavia which had long desired to incorporate the Balkan states into communist confederation under Yugoslavia leadership started to re-assemble forces in rural areas and took steps to overthrow the right wing government(capitalist monarchy) (Keylor,2003:19).However the United States was quick to realize this communist insurgence and they responded by agreeing “to support free people who are resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures” these were the words of the American President announcing the Truman Doctrine in which America was to stop the spread of communism (Keylor,2009:19).To live upon their idea of containing the spread of communism into neighboring countries like Turkey the United States financed the royalist with 250 million dollars aid to suppress the communist insurgence. With the aid the royalist managed to defeat the communist forcing them into exiles in neighboring countries of Albania and Bulgaria who were communist sympathizers (Keylor,2003:19).Thus it can be seen that foreign aiders were prepared to support their fellows if they shared the same ideology which however led to the division of the country into two camps fighting one another. After infighting the royalist monarchy was thus restored thereby representing a victory of the capitalist over communism (Baylis,2001:80). A few months after the announcement of the Truman Doctrine United States announced its Marshall Plan in 1947 in order to protect its interests in Europe (Adas,2006:232).The plan was initiated to economically aid European countries after the war but instead...

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