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The Political, Social, And Economic Reasons For Th

1748 words - 7 pages

The military Junta of Argentina seized power from Isabela Peron in 1976, and they reigned over Argentina for 7 years, and caused several problems for Argentina. They lost a war to the United Kingdom, led Argentina to economic instability, and engaged in several human rights violations. The Junta, of course, believed they were doing the right thing for Argentina. The Junta believed that the prior Peronist government was too involved in the economy and far too liberal. The Junta wanted to bring a highly market driven economy back to Argentina, promote Catholicism, and stomp out Marxists. The Junta was very fearful of the Marxist, and they had reason to be fearful of a Marxist revolt. Before ...view middle of the document...

200 students were taken away, and any reporter who wrote an article that criticized the Junta faced the possibility of becoming one of the thousands of "desaparecidos." A reporter Jacobo Timerman, was tortured tortured by electric shocks and imprisoned by the military. He never took up arms against his country, nor was he a communist. His only crime was criticizing the Junta in his paper, La Opinion. In one case a woman in a wheel chair was taken by the police. When General Videla was asked how this woman could be a terrorist he stated, "A terrorist is not just someone with a gun or a bomb, but also someone who spreads ideas that are contrary to Western and Christian civilization." Some people were taken in simply because their name appeared in the address book of someone that they had just arrested. One such person was Antonio Horacio Miño Retamozo. He appeared in the address book of a woman he knew from college. He knew nothing about the resistance movement, and it was evident from his answers to the police's questions (Slawner). Eventually, people started to really take notice of the people missing. In one case 200 mothers of the "desaparecidos" marched in Buenos Aires demanding information about their missing children (March). Also, Jorge Luis Borges, a supporter of the Junta, signed a petition to have information released about the "desaparecidos" because he thought what the Junta was doing was unethical (Executions). In conclusion, the "Dirty War" waged by the Junta caused the party to lose popularity. The people of Argentina were outraged at the policy of making "terrorist" disappear. However, the "Dirty War" was just one of the factors that caused the Junta to lose popularity.Another factor that led to the Junta's demise was the faltering economy of Argentina. In 1981, the rate of inflation for the peso was 600 percent, the gross domestic product had receded 11.4 percent, Argentine workers were manufacturing 22.9 percent less, and these workers real wages were down 19.2 percent. These economic factors led the workers to protest and riot (Falklands War). With the faltering economy, the Junta had lost the support of most of their remaining supporters. So, what was the Junta going to do? They had become a very unpopular party and feared a people's revolt.In early April of 1982, General Galtieri ordered the invasion of the British owned Falkland Islands. The reason Galtieri did this was to divert attention from the faltering economy and the "desaparecidos." Galtieri figured that a war would unite the country behind the Junta and restore his party's power. Galtieri was correct, the protests stopped, and now there was a movement of patriotism behind the Junta. Unfortunately, Galtieri acted foolishly. John Knott, the British defense minister had just announced that he was planning to dismantle the carrier fleet. If Galtieri could have waited another year, he could have taken the Falklands without any resistance(Myers). However, he could...

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