The Political Life Of Man A Study Of The Social Order And Disorder

2461 words - 10 pages

The political life of man
A study of the social order and disorder

August 15th 2010

Contents
1. Introduction
2. Types of political organizations
a. Band organizations
b. Tribal organizations
c. Chiefdom organizations
d. State organizations
3. Acquiring leadership
4. Participation in politics
5. Conflict settlement
e. Peaceful resolution
f. Violent resolution and war

1. Introduction
Anthropologist started to view political anthropology as a separate specialization only about 70 years ago and, even so, the subject only gained popularity after the Second World War. Prior to this, anthropologists ...view middle of the document...

In band organizations, the political structure and social order is maintained through public opinion.

Tribes
A tribe is somewhat similar to a collection of bands yet the relations between its inhabitants are more complex than that of a band. Again, there is not official or formal leader or chief. Rather, a wise or influential man is usually regarded as leader by the people. Still, when decisions are made, the whole tribe collectively discusses and takes action and does not leave this responsibility upon the informal leader. Thus, the system is far from governmental. The land occupied by a tribe is quite large and as a result, the population density is low.
In a tribe, the factor that binds its population together is usually kinship ties. Thus, a kin- based system is used in the distribution of food and the system plays a role on the importance of one’s opinions and decisions

Chiefdoms
Chiefdoms are the next type of society. Here there is a visible political hierarchy and chiefdoms are usually headed by a single person or an elite group. Social ranking is also possible and there are individuals or groups of people associated with different aspects of the community such as controlling trade, conducting religious rituals and in healing and medicine. Because of such differentiations and the fact that all of these people need to live close by to work together to keep the society functioning, the area occupied by a chiefdom society is small. Thus the population density within a chiefdom society is high.
Sometimes a chiefdom society is divided into smaller groups either based on kin relations or under different minor chiefs. This way each group completes with one another for leadership, power and religious authority. Thus such chiefdoms are quite unstable.

States
In 1970, anthropologist Robert Carneiro defined a state as "an autonomous political unit, encompassing many communities within its territory and having a centralized government with the power to collect taxes, draft men for work or war, and decree and enforce laws". Thus, the existence of a clearly defined central government differentiates a state organization from the other forms. States usually have a very complex political organization with an elite leader being non related to the common population and the existence of lesser leaders under him taking controls of various functions of the society such as trade, religion and infrastructure.
States are very densely populated as sections of the large population are usually specialized on particular aspects of the states functionality. Thus they need to live closely and function together for the state to run smoothly. States societies have also proven to be more stable and longer lasting than the other types of political groups.

3. Acquiring leadership
In most ancient societies, inheritance was the only way to become the new leader. Even today, such a system is seen in countries like the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia where the...

Other Papers Like The Political Life of Man - a Study of the Social Order and Disorder

The Order of Things Essay

1199 words - 5 pages ”The Order of Things” “The Order of Things” is a short story written by Judy Troy in 2007. The short story is a third person limited narrator. We see the short story from Carl’s life. We know what Carl is thinking, feeling and the experiences he is having. Carl is a middle-age man in the earlier forties. Carl is six feet tall, angular features, pale eyes and light hair. Carl lives together with his wife and his teenage daughter. His wife is

The Order of Things Essay

837 words - 4 pages his wife seems like a play or a drama compared to the ‘new’ life with Lilly could symbolise the drama religion can sometimes be, compared to how simple life can be, when you are simply in love. The title could suggest this as well. There is, and will always be, a certain order of things. It is a human law, but we as free individuals get to decide this order. We get to prioritize certain aspects of life. A life that is oh so fragile, a life which

The Order Of Things

757 words - 4 pages The order of things The Order of Things Essay -”The Order of Things” Carl is a reverend and the main character in the short story by Judy Troy. He has a wife and a daughter, but he is having an affair with this woman, Lily Forrest. The story goes about how he and Lily isn’t satisfied with their marriages, and are trying to make up with it by having sex. These to person’s looks almost like each other and this is why Carl has fallen in love

Justify Two Significant Social and/or Political Changes That Occurred as a Result of the Actions of One World Leader

1312 words - 6 pages GKE Task 2 Part A: Justify two significant social and/or political changes that occurred as a result of the actions of one world leader. Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) once said, “My life is my message” (Soomo, 2013). He was a world leader that led by example. In this essay I will give an example of a political and a social change created by Gandhi’s teaching. To begin with Gandhi’s background, as a young adult in London, he trained as a

What Major Changes in Political Structures, Social and Economic Life, Occurred During Each of the Following? the Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty, the Song Dynasty

762 words - 4 pages the compass were invented. Gunpowder was also developed. A large number of scholars and poets emerged and created the grand cultural atmosphere of the Song dynasty. Though changes were brought about during each of the dynasties, they all maintained the same ideology of unification. During each dynasty period advances were made in political, economical, and social structures. These changes helped to develop China and individualize each

Death Of A Salesman Context (Historical, Social, Cultural And Political)

627 words - 3 pages Death of a Salesman - Context (historical, social, political and cultural)Death of a Salesman is a play that consists of a historical background which is key to understanding the play. It was written in 1949, just a few years after the World War ll was over, meaning the United States, where the play occurs, was going through many changes. For example, the war caused an increase in industrial production markets and non-farming business. For the

Describe how the political, social and legal factors affect the business activities of the organisations

1495 words - 6 pages Describe how the political, social and legal factors affect the business activities of the organisations. There are many aspects of life that affect a business’s way of running, from looking at the political, social, and legal aspects we will be able to see just how each any every subject matter differently and how that affects the business. The social side of life refers to the changes in lifestyle, behaviour, attitudes and different

An Analysis of Order Qualifiers and Order Winners of the Operational Strategy of Pfizer Inc

3644 words - 15 pages An analysis of order qualifiers and order winners of the operational strategy of Pfizer Inc. Worlds’ leading pharmaceutical manufacturer A report prepared by Dr Amit Roy Contents 1.0 Executive Summary 4 2.0 Background 5 3.0 Key Financial information 5 4.0 Order Qualifiers and Order Winners 6 4.0.1 Safe clinical trials and drug delivery methods to objects 6 4.0.2

Case Study: the Luxury of Living a Longer Life

1867 words - 8 pages raising children. For example, decent education is now perceived to be an important component of a good life, so parents are now more likely to encourage their child to pursue education in prestigious colleges and universities – all which would pretty much add to the cost of raising their child (Foster & Shrira 2009). The increasing life spans, on the other hand, could be associated with changes in the shape of the survival curve, which can

Explain How Social, Political and Economic Forces Have Influenced Organization and the Practice of Management

2752 words - 12 pages activities or expand its market, it is recommended that they conduct SWOT analysis to find out its strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats in order to move forward. They do this by evaluating the social, political and economic forces in the environment. In addition, the practice of management is influenced by the social environment e.g. cultural climate in a country and an organization. It is further influenced by the political

The Order of New World

754 words - 4 pages New World Order Introduction The term "new world order" refers to the cooperation between greater to great powers, strengthening of the United Nations and a more robust role of the international law. The term has been used to refer to any new period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world political thought and the balance of power. In present-day usage, the phrase is associated with President George Bush who popularized it in

Related Essays

A Comparative Study Of Political, Economic And Social Cultures Issues Of The Russia And India

2579 words - 11 pages A comparative study of political, economic and social-cultures issues of the Russia and India Prepared for: Dr. Joe Zhou Peng Submitted: 11 May 2015 Prepared by: Zahara CitraArifin 006 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION 1 Task 1 1.1 Economy of Russia and India

Lord Of The Flies Social Order

715 words - 3 pages Order! Order! There are many different views on social order in today’s society. The only manner of social order is always agreed upon is that is it considered necessary. William Golding plays this out brilliantly in his Lord of the Flies. The characters were either knowledgeable of social order or they were completely in denial. With these barriers, Ralph, Jack, and Simon struggle with leadership. Ralph leads in the best way known to

Victor Chang A Eulogy The Life Of A Great Man

650 words - 3 pages Good morning friends, family and all those of you who are here today to celebrate the life of a great man, Victor Chang. Before I begin, I would like to offer my deepest sympathies to the Chang family for their unfortunate loss. This was a senseless and wasteful murder of such an innocent man. When I remember Victor, three words come to mind; Compassion, talent and persistence. Victor Chang, born on the 25 November 1936 in Shanghai, China

The Political Power Of Social Media

1546 words - 7 pages engaging people on social media. The following graph demonstrates a clear contrast in the policies of the two contestants (McCain and Obama) during the presidential elections. According to the Pew Internet and American Life Project, 60 per cent of Internet users went online for news about politics or campaigns in the 2008 election. In the book, “Communicator-In-Chief: How Barack Obama used new media technology to win the White House”, the