This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Origin Of Sexual Attraction And Love: Plato's Symposium Aristophanes' Speech As A Reflection Of Ancient Sexuality

2173 words - 9 pages

Classic Greek civilization was focused on the development of the individual; physically,intellectually and emotionally. Sexuality is an intergral part of the individual. Each civilization develops its own views and attitudes on sexuality and love. Aristophanes' speech in the philosopher Plato's Symposium, written around 400 BC, embodied the origin of eros - love, sexual attraction, and desire. These concepts were incorporated into myths as an explanation for the various sexual orientations that existed in the ancient Greek world. Modern ideologies of romance and alternative lifestyles do not connect with the ancient notions and perceptions of eros. Eros in the ancient world was expressed ...view middle of the document...

Plato's Symposium provides a basis for understanding the origin of sexual attraction and love in ancient Greece.According to Plato's Aristophanes, homosexuality and heterosexuality emerged as a result of humans' defiance of the gods. Humans were originally composed as a triple gender system: dual male, dual female, and the man-woman, which Aristophanes described as a combination "of both sexes [which shared] equally in male and female" characteristics; a concept that would become known to the modern world as hermaphroditism. The first humans were dual-faced, looked in opposite directions from each other, possessed multiple limbs, and had two private parts. The primitive people used their strength to stir up rebellion against the gods, especially Zeus. Conspiracy against Mount Olympus was never tolerated, and invited dire action on Zeus' part. In this case, Zeus separated each human to make them experience anguish and loneliness due to the separation from their other half. Zeus commanded Apollo to heal their wounds, and beautify humans, creating navels and more hidden genitalia. The ancient gods were devoted to beauty and perfection, therefore the reconstruction of humans was necessary to preserve life and fashion them in their image. The mortals' ability to look at their former halves was also of significance to sexuality, for the "Greeks located the source of eros in the eyes (of the beloved, usually)." Ancient Greek sexuality "arose from a pristine and undifferentiated perfection - a wholeness to which [people] persistently wish to return." The desire for affectionate companionship from former halves and "mutual love [was] ingrained in mankind, [by] reassembling our early estate and endeavouring to combine two in one and heal the human sore."When the original halves, before separation, were dual male, they were considered "the offspring of the sun," for people in ancient times thought of the sun as a symbol of power, which men possessed. Zeus' separation of the dual male created two male beings. As a result of the separation, one male half sought out affection from his other same-gendered half in order to re-establish his original connection: "Men who are sections of the [dual] male pursue the masculine, and so long as their boyhood lasts they show themselves to be slices of the male by making friends with men and delighting to lie with them and to be clasped in men's embraces." This reunion attempt reflected the origin of male homosexuality: the physical, emotional, intellectual and romantic connection between two male individuals; and justified its existence within ancient Greek culture, especially within aristocratic circles. Male homosexuality in the ancient world expressed itself in several ways: pederasty, symposiums, appreciation of male beauty, and artistic dedications from older men to young men. Pederasty, an intimate connection between older men and male adolescents, was particularly common and praised as a social, moral, and...

Other Papers Like The Origin Of Sexual Attraction And Love: Plato's Symposium - Aristophanes' Speech As A Reflection Of Ancient Sexuality

Attraction of Melaka Essay

678 words - 3 pages with permission. ii. Daily Keys – office keys which are kept by Cost Centers. iii. Crucial Areas Keys – office keys which are in crucial areas. The keys under this category can be held and used only by certain officers. 5.0 Rules 5.1 Head of Cost Center has to hand over responsibility of holding keys in writing to officer as in ref 3.0. A copy of the letter has to be given to Security Department. All movement of keys to be recorded in a

Current Competing Theories of the Origin of Life on Earth: It Arrived from an Extraterrestrial Source; It Originated as a Heterotrophy; It Originated as an Autotrophy

862 words - 4 pages Genetic diversity is always changing both across space and through time. Typically, the amount and type of genetic diversity within a species vary across its natural range. Additionally, its genetic diversity changes over time. At least in the long-term, and sometimes even over shorter time frames such as a few generations of the species. These natural changes in the genetic diversity of a species create a dynamic landscape upon which any

A Comparison of the Christian and Ancient Greek Cultures

1722 words - 7 pages Christian creation story, Genesis, and in many accounts of the Ancient Greek creation story, the earth began with darkness and nothingness- a void, or Chaos, as known to the Greeks (Genesis 1:2; Tripp 159). This Chaos was the bearer (meaning that he gave birth to) of Ge/Gaia (Earth), Tartarus (underworld), Eros (love and sex), Erebus (darkness), and Nyx (night) (Tripp 159). In the Christian creation story, God is the parallel to the Greek

On The Origin Of Darwin And The Institution Of Slavery

2709 words - 11 pages -137) The idiosyncratic façade of Caliban is an example of Darwinian theory at work. Caliban is not the most attractive man, nor is he the smartest. He is, however, the best adapted for solitary life on the island. Shakespeare has Trinculo, another shipwreck victim, describe Caliban as “a man or a fish? dead or alive? A fish: he smells like a fish; a very ancient and fish-like smell” and this characterizes Caliban as more of an animal than a

Origin and Development of Judaism

1407 words - 6 pages heaven that they refer to as Yahweh. Fig. 2 According to Carman et al, “Judaism in Jamaica developed after the Jews found freedom to thrive and practice religion in Caribbean countries.” However Scheib states that approximately two hundred Jews reside in Jamaica but only 75 attend High Holiday services. Females weren’t allowed to be a part of the minyan but in today’s society they are welcome for practical reasons. Since the

The Origin of Arcee Through a Feminist's Touch

983 words - 4 pages The Origin of Arcee Through a Feminist's Touch Modern day pop culture has much to answer for. We live in a time where political correctness dictates the necessity of ignoring all our old world prejudices. Yet sexism, racism and all other such examples of outmoded concepts still manage to seep into mainstream culture. For this essay, I intend to apply the literary theory of feminism to showcase such an example of glaring sexism in the origin

Biology, Origin of the Earth

1258 words - 6 pages Martim Fortes 11/5/2011 Origin of the earth Ever since the dawn of mankind, people have glanced at the stars looking for answers. Answers about how starts were made, what was out there but most of all, how was our planet created. For many years most thought it was god to create the Earth, but as years went by and science took a bigger part in peoples life, a couple of revolutionary man started looking into this. Searching for answers

The Origin of Mass Production

1472 words - 6 pages . Historically, Europeans had been mired in ignorant backwardness under their states’ repressive feudal systems for most of the Middle Ages. However, throughout the eighteenth century many European countries went through the Age of Reason. This period of time, also known as the Enlightenment, signified a shift of people's beliefs in religion and the erroneous writings of Greek philosophers and saw a plethora of scientific discoveries that

Techniques - Discuss in Detail How Guterson Uses the Weather and Other Aspects of the Natural World as a Reflection on the World of Human Kind

1062 words - 5 pages Guterson uses many literary techniques in his novel to reflect on his views of the nature of human kind. Through his descriptions of the natural setting of the novel Guterson conveys the significance of San Piedro as a microcosm of the world of human kind, reflecting on the universal thoughts and emotions felt by all of humanity. Particularly, the descriptions of the weather establish parallels between the emotional turmoil of the characters

Similarities Between ThéRèS Raquin And The Origin Of The Species

563 words - 3 pages Thérèse Raquin was published in 1867 shortly after Charles Darwin’s Origin of the species was published in 1859 and translated into French in 1862. Darwin’s book looked at the theory of natural selection and its effects on the animal kingdom. It looked into ideas such as natural selection, the struggle for existence, inherited traits and survival of the fittest, all of these subjects can also been found in Émile Zola’s ‘Thérès Raquin’, Zola

Leguminosae: Origin And Meaning Of The Family Name

1202 words - 5 pages LEGUMINOSAE ORIGIN AND MEANING OF THE FAMILY NAME A large and very economically important flowering plant family is Leguminosae or sometimes known as Fabaceae. Although Leguminosae is an older name it is still considered valid but the new name is Fabaceae and this comes from the genus Faba and the term Faba is Latin and means bean. The group is the third largest plant family in the world with 630 genera and 18,860 species. CHARACTERISTICS OF

Related Essays

The Attraction Of Power Essay

2085 words - 9 pages What is the Attraction of Power? Power is primarily the ability to influence and command in social systems. Power must be put to work to be power. Power is to do, to act, to produce, or it is simply energy. Energy and power are similar, but not the same. All power has energy, but not all energy has power.The attraction of power can be summed up by President Vaclav Havel's speech on the temptation of political power. '...power gives you the

Increasing Motivation Through Positive Thinking And The Law Of Attraction

2038 words - 9 pages . This focusing then results to a long chain of ideas flowing into your mind. At this stage, you will vet the ideas and discern which amongst them needs action. Do not waste time but act as soon as you find a meaningful idea. v. Show gratitude so as to achieve more Being grateful is very significant as far as the law of attraction is concerned. It tells you that you are willing and ready to receive more of the things you show gratitude for. It

Explain The Stages Of A Symposium With Close And Detailed Reference To Vase Paintings You Have Studied

846 words - 4 pages to returning for a refill. At the location of the symposium, we assume that the special dinning room also had to be prepared quite carefully. This involved a lot of work for the host, or at least for his servants and slaves, as we can see on a Pelike painted by the Pan painter. Here we can see a slave carrying a kline, where the symposiats reclined, and a trapeza for the food and drink of the symposiats. We assume that he is moving these

Origin Of The Greyhound Essay

604 words - 3 pages Name: Specific Purpose: To teach and inform class origin of the greyhound dog. Thesis Statement: I am going to inform class of origin of the greyhound from the ancient times and up to the middle ages. Organizational Pattern: Chronologically I. Introduction A. They are always happy to see you or can be family that’s not even blood and most will say they are a man’s best friend. B. Today I am going to inform you of the origins