This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Nuclear Threat During The Berlin Crisis

3942 words - 16 pages

Mark Dissen
4/15/2013
Nuclear Arms Race Term Paper

The Nuclear Threat During the Berlin Crisis
Introduction
On November 10, 1958, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev gave a speech at a Soviet-Polish meeting in Moscow that would ultimately culminate into one of the most profound crises of the Cold War. The Soviet leader accused the Western Powers of violating the 1945 Potsdam Agreement and sabotaging the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and recommended that the Federal Republic abandon, “the hope that we shall cease to support the German Democratic Republic.” (Address by Premier, 1958). Soon after, Khrushchev delivered a speech giving an ultimatum to the allies and gave them six months ...view middle of the document...

(Tine, 2005)

Tension between the Allies and Soviets
For almost a decade, Germany carried on in relative harmony. Of course, the amicability came to an end when Nikita Khrushchev made his speech. So why exactly did Khrushchev become suddenly disruptive and put an end to the peace? The exact answer is uncertain, but it was likely a mixture of an increase in Soviet confidence and economic pursuits. Sputnik had led to a spike in Soviet self-assurance, and Khrushchev may have felt powerful enough to risk a crisis with the Western Powers. (Barker, 1963) There was a clear Soviet technological lead, which could have made the USSR especially emboldened. Additionally, Eastern Berlin was struggling economically while the allied-occupied German territory was flourishing. (Barker, 1963) Khrushchev probably wanted to put a halt to the transfer of economic resources and the “brain drain” that was occurring from the East into the West. Even though Khrushchev made claims like, “Western Germany is building an army which the German militarists envisage as stronger than the armies of Britain and France,” and credited a disregard for the Potsdam Agreement as his reasoning for his demands, it is probable that he was at least partially motivated by these other factors (Speech by Soviet Premier, 1958).

Tensions and the consequent threat of war between the two forces rose dramatically when the allies chose to reject Khrushchev's demands and reasserted their right to have free access to Berlin (Barker, 1963). The situation actually ended up being a blunder for the USSR in the short-term because the brain drain from the East only worsened during the 6-month period and the number of refugees increased (McLaughlin, 1999). The four powers agreed to a summit in early 1959 to find a resolution to the problems, which was followed by direct negotiations between Khrushchev and Eisenhower at Camp David. At this point, President Eisenhower was attempting to use military strength as his primary negotiation tool. It was his policy that it was necessary to accumulate military power in order to make peace with the Soviets, and was recorded saying, "We are arming in order to make it possible for us to achieve disarmament." (Memo of Conversation, March 1960) Although no actual solution was reached, it was decided that no ultimatums should be enforced and that the situation would be resolved in Paris in May 1960. This reduced tension was only temporary, however, and the potential for war never truly disappeared.

Unfortunately, the U-2 incident in 1960 essentially obliterated the potential of the Paris Summit. An American spy plane that was on a reconnaissance mission of the USSR was shot down and publicly denounced. A Soviet note to the United States even highlights the potent negative affect and the consequent rejuvenated tensions that the U-2 plane had on US-USSR relations:

"One must ask, how is it possible to reconcile this with declarations on the part of leading...

Other Papers Like The Nuclear Threat During The Berlin Crisis

South Africa’s Macroeconomic Performance Before, During and After the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-2008

1045 words - 5 pages had significant exposure to CDOs, which became known as toxic debt instruments in the wake of the financial crisis, the impact was experienced more speedily and more severely. South Africa had very limited exposure to these debt instruments, so the impact on their economy lagged other economies such as the USA. a) South Africa’s macroeconomic performance before, during and after the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 As indicated by the

Learn from Employment Policies During the Global Financial Crisis in Oecd Countries

1295 words - 6 pages Essay Learn from employment policies during the global financial crisis in OECD countries Writing by Arthur DAGAN a. What has been the main impact of the global financial crisis on OECD countries? Why should governments be concerned about the impact, especially in the context of youth? Let us first understand the cause of global financial crisis, his main impact on OECD and then why governments should be concerned about the especially

The Berlin Wall and the Fall of Communism

3532 words - 15 pages considered the Marshal Plan to be a threat to his buffer zone of states along the Western border. Having initially looked for support from the Soviets, the Americans had no time to lose and announced the implementation European Recovery Plan (Marshal Plan). These events lead to what effectively is considered to be the first major crisis in the Cold War, the Berlin Blockade. In order to coordinate economies the British and the US occupation zones

Nuclear Power in the Uae

1868 words - 8 pages Nuclear Power Plant Design for the United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (also referred to as the UAE or the Emirates) is a relatively young country that has established a powerful world economy in a short period of time. After breaking ties from the United Kingdom just over four decades ago, the UAE has quickly developed one of the most appealing economies for foreign investment in Western Asia. The Emirates’ largest cities, Dubai

The Cuban Missile Crisis

1125 words - 5 pages History Essay : « To what extent was the Cuban Missile Crisis a turning point in the Cold War?” The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, Russia and Cuba in October 1962, during the Cold War. The Cuban Missile Crisis ranks as one of the major confrontations of the cold War and is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came the closest to a nuclear war. The United States armed forces were at their

The Mortgage Crisis

842 words - 4 pages The Mortgage Crisis Waldo J Williams III American Intercontinental University 16 September 2009 During the past few years, the housing market has suffered and put a major strain on the economy. With fellow citizens losing their jobs because businesses are closing, they are now unable to pay their mortgages for the homes that they were once able to afford. With the government trying to step in to help get the economy booming, the question

The Cuban Missile Crisis

1269 words - 6 pages The Cuban Missile Crisis February 13, 2012 On October 14, 1962, a U2 spy plane, flying a mission over Cuba, snapped a series of photographs that became the first direct evidence of Soviet medium range ballistic nuclear missiles in Cuba. These missiles clearly displayed an offensive weapons buildup on the island. These photographs lead to the closest the world has ever came to a nuclear war. According to Nikita Khrushchev's memoirs, in May

The Cuban Missile Crisis

544 words - 3 pages The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. The United States armed forces were at their highest state of readiness ever and Soviet field commanders in Cuba were prepared to use battlefield nuclear weapons to defend the island if it was invaded. Luckily, thanks to two men, President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev, war was averted.In 1962, the Soviet Union was desperately behind the United States in

The World Credit Crisis

722 words - 3 pages corporations suffered. End result is Wall Street Crisis led to a Main Street Crisis led to the government bailing out Wall Street. I really like this article because they spoke about what happen during the mid 2000's financial crisis. This crisis is probably the biggest thing that happen economically in my short lifetime. As an economist major, I feel like we must understand and learn from the past mistakes especially one of this caliber. This

After the Financial Crisis

877 words - 4 pages After Economic Crisis Macroeconomics- In 2008, the economy began to decline and globally a financial crisis began. Here in the U.S., the housing market began to plummet, which created the Housing Bubble; also countries worldwide were trying everything to protect their assets. This Global Financial Crisis of 2008 has been compared to being worse than the Great Depression in the 1930s. The world’s economy has not

Solving The Foreclosure Crisis

1084 words - 5 pages with others having the same financial concerns. This program would be most beneficial to the attendees. This program would uncover the unanswered questions or difficulties that people are faced with, and their daily financial problems during this difficult economical time. f the government issued rules that financial lenders had to lower their rates, it would make the foreclosure crisis start to curve. When the financial lenders lower rates this

Related Essays

The North Korean Nuclear Crisis Essay

4138 words - 17 pages critical of President Kim?s ?Sunshine Policy? and insisted on ?strict reciprocity? from North Korea . The presidential candidate also suggested that, if elected, further economic aid to North Korea would be contingent on resolution of the nuclear crisis . Lee actually visited the United States during his campaign, suggesting that if elected, he would adopt a harder line towards the North; much like that the Bush Administration was leaning towards

Description Of The Berlin Wall Essay

524 words - 3 pages The Berlin WallBackgroundThe Berlin wall was built in 1961 because there were so many people who tried to immigrate into the West side of Berlin and enter a better life then they had in the East side.In the early morning of 8-13-1961 the DDR began to blockade the streets between East and West Berlin with a incite wire fence (= Stacheldrahtzaun) Tanks arrived at concentration points and they blockaded streets with stones and barricades. The S-/U

How Far Was The Nuclear Arms Race A Threat To World Peace In The Years 1949 1962?

1039 words - 5 pages The nuclear arms race between the years 1949 and 1962 was a threat to world peace. The main threat to world peace was the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 but there were many other occurrences that made people truly believe that the Cold War could be the end of the world. 1949 is the year that the Soviets tested their first Atomic Bomb on August 29th. This shocked the US Government as they believed that the Soviet nuclear technology was much

The Threat Of Fraud Essay

1630 words - 7 pages The Threat of Fraud Tracey Brewer American InterContinental University Security and Loss Prevention CRJS270-1301B-01 Jade Pumphrey March 28, 2013 Abstract Identity theft, whether on a personal or business level is a criminal act. So, for many years individuals have plotted and schemed to come up with scams to obtain personal information from other individuals or organization to either sabotage one’s reputation or obtain financial gain