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The Marxist Ideal Cannot Work Essay

1735 words - 7 pages


The Marxist ideal, a highly appealing, almost Utopian

society, is impossible to achieve due to the fact that it

demands that the human mind be almost without flaws. It

asks of society and its members to be absolutely without

ranks, without greed or leadership. This has been clearly

impossible for society. Each step to achieving a communist

establishment has been, continues to be, and will be, in

actuality, a step towards the totalitarian societies of past

and current so-called communist countries. Communism

became popular solely in under-developed countries,

contrary to Marx's beliefs as to what should happen, and

its rise in these countries was the ...view middle of the document...

By definition a Communist revolt demanded an

industrialized country as its focus, where a militant and

organized proletariat had had a chance to develop. The

revolution of 1917, however, exploded in Czarist Russia,

one of the most backward countries in Europe.i

Russia in the early 20th century was mainly agricultural,

rather than industrial, but through their exasperation and

strong leadership, the Communists prevailed. The head of

state, Czar Nicholas II, was overthrown, and later that year

Vladimir Lenin and his Bolshevik Party established the first

Marxist government in the world. With the formation of this

Communist government began the downfall of Marx's

Ideal. Lenin had established a so-called Marxist

government, but he felt that Russia was not yet ready for

the Marxist idea of Communism. He believed that the

country first had to be industrialized. That had been one of

Marx's stipulations. Secondly, Lenin felt that the new ruling

class, the proletariat, was not yet ready for ruling, so he

took up the position. That is where the chief problem lies,

in the implementation of the Marxist Ideal. From the very

beginning, even prior to the foretold revolution, the ideal is

fitted to the leaders' viewpoints, which is completely

opposite to what Marx had envisioned. The problem with

capitalism, as Marx saw it, was that leaders were taking the

lives and futures of others in their hands and using them to

their advantage and this was forever escalating. As Leninist

Russia progressed, Lenin guaranteed that people did not

gain too much freedom and implemented such forces as the

secret police and one-party rule. Thus, through initial

adaptations of the system as envisioned by its creator, the

distortion of the ideal is present even in its beginnings.

Following the first step towards communism is the

revolution that Marx predicted would ultimately occur.

However, through a revolution, especially a violent one that

Marx deemed would sometimes be necessary, power is to

be had and, as the infamous saying goes, "power corrupts."

In order for a revolution to occur there must be a leader

and inevitably this leader will assume a greater power and

use this to his advantage, destroying Marx's Utopia of

equality from the beginning. In keeping with how this

analogy relates to Communist Russia, Lenin and his

Bolsheviks exercised this type of leadership. They

advocated, equality and the wonderful society predicted by

Marx, but as it became evident that they were about to win

the revolution, they realized that there were slightly

modified principles by which their type of Communism

would abide. Unfortunately, the remainder of the quote is,

"and absolute power corrupts absolutely" and the

"modifications" of the Russian Communist system, and all

others that have endured, became more and more major.

Marx believed that...

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