The Main Threat To The Stability Of The Weimar Republic From 1919 – 1923 Came From The Political Violence Of The Extreme Right” How Far Do You Agree?

906 words - 4 pages

“The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic from 1919 – 1923 came from the political violence of the extreme right” How far do you agree?

Many have argued that the political violence of the extreme right was the main threat to the stability of the Weimar. However, despite elements of this argument being true; one could suggest that there are other factors that contributed to the end of the Republic, such as the constitution.

The written constitution of the Weimar Republic came under much scrutiny during the fourteen crisis ridden years of its existence. Some historians have gone as far as to argue that the real causes of the collapse and the success of the Nazis can be ...view middle of the document...

Significantly, the Army also sought to keep its reputation after 1918 and was generally unsympathetic towards the Republic. The result was that powerful conservative forces were able to exert great influence in daily life, and whilst the spirit of the Weimar was democratic and progressive; the institutions remained dedicated to the values of Imperial Germany. The Weimar constitution had weaknesses, but it was not fatally flawed, instead there were many more serious problems within the Weimar Republic.

Many Historians would argue that the main threat to the Weimar Republic was primarily a consequence of right – wing violence. On the right wing there was a very mixed collection of opponents to the Republic and their resistance found expression in different ways; there was an effective underestimation from President Ebert and the Weimar institution, which instead feared above all the threats from the extreme left. With the Spartacist uprising and the creation of a Bavarian Soviet Republic in 1919; one could also predict that left wing revolutionaries were the biggest threat. However, the Weimar government could not have predicted that the real enemy came from their own Imperial beliefs. The extreme right threat came from racist nationalists such as the 200 Freikorps units, the DNVP and significantly, the Army. There was a significant amount of anger due to the Treaty of Versailles and “The November Criminals” who signed it, and the beginning of action took place in March 1920, the day of the Kapp Putsch.

This became known as the first attempt by the extreme right to seize power from the constitutional government, in which the Freikorps played a significant role. General Luftwitz and Wolfgang Kapp encouraged 12,000 troops...

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