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The Lost Generation, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Steinbeck, Jazz Age

2085 words - 9 pages

THE LOST GENERATIONWith the beginning of World War I many things had changed for America. This war happened between in the years of 1914 and 1918. At first America did not join the war but in 1917 they joined it to support it. When it was finished, soldiers who came back to their country from Europe, told stories of suffer and the badness of war. But there was something that made them affected. It was Paris, France. Beauty of Paris was told by them to the society.After the war, causes of it was still very strong for America that the war made America a super power in the world with Russia. This was an opening for them to the world. International trade began in America and economical ...view middle of the document...

Although the early 1920s seemed to be a promising and prosperous time, Americans didn't know that they were on the verge of a great disaster. The stock market crash of 1929 triggered the Great Depression.After the world war America changed in literature too. Generation of that period called as the lost generation since they were barren emotionally. This term came out for a group of American writers who were writing in the 1920s. There were Ernest Hemingway Scott Fitzgerald and John Steinbeck among them. Paris had become their center of literature. Their work had reflections of war, disillusion and materialism which occurred as a result. American Dream started not to serve as a path to follow for the young generation, because although those writers were spending their time for literature mostly in Europe, they still knew the pain of the young Americans who suffered a lot. They portrayed them in their works.American writers turned to what is now known as modernism. In these years modernism occurred and became a very important concept for writers. In this modern style we observe, writers used different point of views. Deep characterization, representation of moral values of excess and American Dream is significant.Literature during the modernist period reflected the American beliefs of the time. The interests of the American people were influenced by Prohibition. Many people believed that the ideal lifestyle was filled with great wealth and the pursuit of pleasure. Writers such as Ernest Hemingway, Scott Fitzgerald, and John Steinbeck spearheaded the modernistic renaissance by employing realistic and naturalistic techniques.These writers like Hemingway, Fitzgerald and Steinbeck always criticize the society because they believe Great Depression is the society's mistake. I think they try to make society to question themselves. Every character has its own realistic component. Dialogues and relationships in these writers stories show that age clearly. They are all affected by this situation. It is like they observe both "Jazz Age" and "Great Depression".Modernists attacked society's problems by using symbolism to make their own judgments of American life. Modernists attacked the moral dilemmas in society. Modernists portrayed people alienated and rejected from society because of the effects of the First World War. Thematically, modernist authors conveyed the good and bad aspects of a changing American society. Modernism after World War I was influenced by the realistic and naturalistic movement of the late Nineteenth century. The literary elements and techniques of the modernists and realists and naturalists were the same. As I mentioned before every aspect of society exists in these writer's books and stories.WORD COUNT : 750HEMINGWAY, FITZGERALD AND STEINBECKErnest Hemingway is one of "the lost generation" wirters who were inspired by his personal experiences. Instead of using overly descripitive writing, he had simplicity. This style was coming from...

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