What are the essential values and ideas presented in The Kite Runner? Analyse and assess how effective their representation is
Hosseini has expressed copious essential values and ideas in his novel The Kite Runner (TKR) including Loyalty, Culture, Gender and Ethnicity and Atonement. Hosseini has expressed these through the combination of style, structure, characterisation, themes and setting.
Due to the context of The Kite Runner, culture is an important idea presented because it has major significance in Afghanistan life and the characters are shaped by it. The majority of the novel is set in Afghanistan which is a country with a very strong culture. The culture of this novel is caused ...view middle of the document...
Hosseini displays the gender and ethnical discrimination in the novel mainly in relation to the discrimination and inequality of women and Hazzara’s in the Afghanistan. This is highly contrasted because of the audience of whom this discrimination is not a part of their culture. The two ideas and values of Culture and gender and ethnicity are very closely related. Women are seen as inferior to men in their culture and for this reason Hosseini has included this in the novel. Hosseini uses characterisation to present gender and ethnicity. He shows ethnical discrimination through the characterisation of Hassan and Ali who are both Hazzara’s and gender inequality through Soraya. The ethnical discrimination can be seen in the novel through characters actions and dialogue. Some of these include the bullying of Ali and Amir’s treatment of Hassan.
“In the end I was a Pashtun and he was a Hazara, I was a Sunni and he was a Shi’a, and nothing was going to change that. Nothing”
This shows that ethnical discrimination is so prominent that Amir thought it was compulsory and that he and Hassan could not be equals because of this. Gender inequality is also shown through characterisation and is shown mainly through the character of Soraya:
“Their sons go out to nightclubs looking for meat and get their girlfriends pregnant, they have kids out of wedlock and no one says a goddam thing. Oh they’re just men having fun! I make one mistake and suddenly everyone is talking nanna and namoos, and I have to have my face rubbed in it for the rest of my life” (Explain)
Gender and Ethnicity is a major value in the novel as it is apart of the Afghani culture and adds authenticity to the setting and context which in turn creates stronger emotions in the reader as it engages them in the narrative giving it meaning.
Throughout the novel the value of loyalty is underlying and its importance is questioned in regards to different characters. Hosseini shows how it is hard for people to keep their loyalty and how much worse the consequences of not staying loyal are. He has expressed the value of loyalty through plot and characterisation. Different aspects of loyalty can be seen through the different character relationships. Baba seems to be very loyal to Ali as he still provides him with a home and food etc. but later we find out that he was actually disloyal as he slept with Ali’s wife, Amir is not loyal to Hassan but rather uses him and Hassan’s mother is disloyal to Hassan at first as she leaves him but later shows loyalty to him by returning. Each character has wavering loyalty except for Hassan who shows unconditional loyalty to Amir. Even after everything that Amir does to Hassan, watching him get raped, not sticking up for him, Hassan still sacrifices himself for Amir. Hassan is symbolic of the lamb because of his loyalty and sacrifice for Amir. This can be seen when Amir...