The Interaction Between Imagery And Allusions In Translating Chinese Poetry Based On Tu Fu’s Poems

3314 words - 14 pages

The Interaction between Imagery and Allusions in translating Chinese PoetryBased on Tu Fu’s Poems

Shih-ying Liaw
Prof. Wang
Linguistics and Translation
June 18 2012

Shih ying Liaw1

Shih-ying Liaw
Prof. Wang
Linguistics and Translation
June 18 2012
The Interaction between Imagery and Allusions in translating Chinese PoetryBased on Tu Fu’s Poems
Though Chinese poetry has been translating for almost a hundred years, there are
still many questions about the translation strategies and situations worth discussing. In
this paper, the interaction between imagery and allusions when translating are
discussed and the practical situation used when translating are presented.
To ...view middle of the document...

Compared to imagery, allusions seem not so critical in Western poetry. However, it is
an essential part of Chinese poetry because China is a country with long record
history. What’s more, Chinese is an ethic group that worship historical people and
events strongly. Due to the importance of allusions in Chinese poetry, it’s critical to
translate it properly to present the connotation of a poem.
According to “The Art of Chinese Poetry”, Professor Liu classifies allusions as
“general-image related” and “specific”. A “general-image related allusion” is the
common knowledge to an ethic group. For example, the Ying-Yang concept, which
may be translated to the “Dark and Bright”, means more to Chinese. However, it’s
almost impossible to explain it in simple words for foreigners. On the other hand, a
“specific allusion” comes from a mythology, a book or an article. For example, Chang

1

Liu, James J.Y. The Art of Chinese Poetry .USA: The University of Chicago Press,
1962

p101~130

Shih ying Liaw3

O’’s fairy tale is well known to all Chinese but it’s totally strange to people from
other countries. Next question is in what circumstances a poet will use an allusion.
Often they use it in to give out an analogy or a contrast to current situation. For
instance, the poet often compared himself as an historical scholar to express his
thought. Through the metaphor, he can express himself implicitly and understandable
by the readers. The contrast situation is very common as well. Usually poets use the
contrast to emphasize how time change everything and express how small human is
compared to nature.2
In this paper, Tu Fu‘s poems are presented and analyzed as examples of how
translators deal with the interaction between imagery and allusions when translating.
Tu Fu is one of the most famous poets in China. He is not also a poet but an excellent
official as well (just like most Chinese poets and writers). He has described himself as
a man “reading books, (I) polished off ten thousand volumes, wielded my writing
brush like a god,”3 Thus, he used tremendous allusions in his poetry and that is also
the main reason I choose his poems as my analysis samples.
After deciding the target poems, the translation version of a poem is essential to
the analysis as well. Kenneth Rexroth and Burton Watson are my target translators
after consideration. The former is the representative of poets as translators, and the
latter is the representative of scholar dedicated to translating Chinese poetry. What’s

2

Liu, James J.Y. The Art of Chinese Poetry .USA: The University of Chicago Press,
1962 p131~145

3

Tu Fu’ poem: Twenty-two Rhymes Presented to Assistant Secretary of the Left Wei
(Watson, Burton, The Selected Poems of Du Fu, Columbia University Press, p5)
Shih ying Liaw4

more, Kenneth Rexroth adores Tu Fu a lot and even names him the greatest non-epic
poet. Burton Watson has said that Tu Fu is the hardest translatable...

Other Papers Like The Interaction Between Imagery and Allusions in Translating Chinese Poetry- Based on Tu Fu’s Poems

Briefly Describe the Importance of the Interaction Between the Respiratory and Cardiovascular Systems in Maintaining the Body’s Internal Balance

655 words - 3 pages removes wastes products from the tissue cells Roberts, (2010) that make up the body’s other ten systems. These consist of Integumentary (skin, nails and hair), skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine (hormones), lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive The cardiovascular system depends on all the systems above functionally normally as it is the body's key transport system Peters, (2004) The Respiratory system consists of the

The Income Gap Between the Rich and the Poor in Chinese Society

659 words - 3 pages Title: The income gap between the rich and the poor in Chinese society As our society develops at a fast speed, the income gap between the rich and the poor gets enlarged. The main reason is that economic development is not balanced between eastern and western cities, urban and rural areas. Many professors think it’s a good phenomenon for some of our citizens get rich and then helps the whole society. While I insist that the government

On Differences Between Chinese and American Advertising Cultures

5050 words - 21 pages On Differences between Chinese and American Advertising Cultures by A Graduation Thesis Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts Acknowledgements My deepest gratitude goes first and foremost to Professor Zhu Jianxin, my supervisor, who offers me academic and constructive advices on composing this thesis. His encouragement and help are worthy of high acknowledgement. And I

Comment on the Imagery and Symbolism in Look Back in Anger

614 words - 3 pages T. S. Eliot calls that Hamlet is an artistic failure. According to him, Hamlet is the Monalisa of literature, a work that is interesting, but not a work of art. It means the writer is unable to objectify the emotions. There are two reasons for it. First a work of art should be read in the context of the literary tradition on which an individual work is built and of which it is a part. Shakespeare drew the material for his Hamlet from the plays

Management of Diversity in Chinese-Based Companies

3833 words - 16 pages discussing the way to manage a diverse workforce in Chinese-based companies, I first start this paper with defining the word “Diverse Workforce” which is same as “Workforce Diversity.” After fully understanding the definition of “Diverse Workforce” I go on to introduce the diverse workforce in Chinese-based companies. Of this section I will talk about the differences of workforce diversity between Chinese-based companies and general American companies

Imagery in Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

894 words - 4 pages way, Sir Gawain is a re-interpretation of heroic values. The story retains themes of courage, honour and loyalty, however the challenges move from external, physical conflicts to internal, moral ones. Although written in different time periods, Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight have some remarkable similarities. For one, the poems share ideas such as the type of qualities that heroes possess such as bravery, honour and truth. Beowulf

Quotes and Poems on Confidence

1040 words - 5 pages .), and is synonymous with trust, which is firm reliance on the integrity, ability, or character of a person or thing. It is Measure of probability by which a statistical score, such as a sampling result, may be considered reliable.Self-confidence is either a petty pride in our own narrowness, or the realization of our duty and privilege as God's children. Phillips Brooks Success breeds confidence. Beryl Markham | | Confidence quotes

Reflection on Communication and Interaction Skills

1030 words - 5 pages Task 2, Reflection on Communication and Interaction Skills. Participate in a one-to-one interaction and a Group interaction in a health and social care context. Assess own communication and interpersonal skills in relation to each interaction When communicating in a health and social care setting, the way we communicate can vary depending on the individual needs of the service user, colleague and visitors. The ways in which we communicate

Essay Of Comparison Between The Tiger And The Lamb, Poems By William Blake

1521 words - 7 pages Essay of Comparison between The Tiger and The Lamb, poems by William Blake "The Tiger" and "The Lamb" were poems by William Blake, a poet who lived in the 18th century. In this essay I am going to compare the two poems and examine links between them relating to rhymes, patterns and words used. Blake's background relates on the poems he wrote, and many of his works reflected his early home life. Blake in his childhood was an outcast, a

Educational Preparation: Differences in Competencies Between Nurses Based on Degree Level

897 words - 4 pages Educational Preparation Differences in Competencies between Nurses Based on Degree Level Is a nurse a nurse? Many nurses seem to do the same things at a glance. They may perform procedures similarly but is the thought process equal? Defining an Associate Degree in Nursing nurse (ADN) and a Baccalaureate of Science in Nursing nurse (BSN) helps to begin understanding the differences they incur. An Associate’s degree program can be

Symbols And Symbolism In The Poems Of Robert Frost

1493 words - 6 pages human steps outside their rigid human realm and learn to appreciate their natural surroundings.     Robert Frost has always been noted for his incredible poetry that is full of imagery, symbolism, tone, and depth. The depth in his poems appears to be most often portrayed through his use of symbolism, as this is one veritable  way to give the reader something to dwell upon and examine. For example, if Frost were to talk about something as

Related Essays

On The Differences Between Poetry And Rock N' Roll

998 words - 4 pages — This is a perfect example of a poem where the “mad artist” and popular music are contrasted. I have indeed felt like Lowell, driving in the night in the throes manic loneliness, my own mind suspect to itself. But I am also the voice singing “Love, O Careless Love” on the radio to young lovers. This is because essentially I do write rock n’ roll songs in a genre that could be defined as pop music. Songs for audiences to drink, dance, and play

Briefly Describe The Importance Of The Interaction Between The Respiratory And Cardiovascular Systems In Maintaining The Body’s Internal Balance

587 words - 3 pages called the pulmonary trunk. The trunk divides into the left and right pulmonary arteries which carry the blood back to the lungs thus completing the cycle helping to maintain balance throughout the body. (Tortora 2011) Without the interaction between the cardiovascular and respiratory systems the body’s cells won’t receive the oxygen they need resulting in hypoxia. (Tortora 2011) Without the removal of carbon dioxide from cells the result will be

Briefly Describe The Importance Of The Interaction Between The Respiratory And Cardiovascular Systems In Maintaining The Body’s Internal Balance

642 words - 3 pages activated to increase breathing rate and in turn heart rate will increase because more oxygen will be deposited into the blood. This shows how the two systems interact. The interaction is vital to maintain the internal balance (homeostasis) of oxygen and CO2 molecules. The smallest parts of the cardiovascular system are the capillaries (ap-proximately as narrow as a red blood cell is wide). Capillaries are tiny blood vessels that bathe every cell

Briefly Describe The Importance Of The Interaction Between The Respiratory And Cardiovascular Systems In Maintaining The Body’s Internal Balance

548 words - 3 pages starts again. When more oxygen or nutrients are required by the body to function efficiently then the blood flow will increase along with the heart rate. The respiratory system will in turn increase the respiratory rate to provide more oxygen (www.hsc.uwe.ac.uk). As stated by Chaperon (2008) oxygen is essential for the human body to live. A healthy cardiovascular and respiratory system are the only way to sustain its oxygen supply, they are totally co-dependent. Therefore their interaction is essential in maintaining the body’s internal balance.