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The Industrial Revolution Essay

1415 words - 6 pages

Introduction
The industrial revolution took place between 1750 and 1850 all round the world. In this essay it describes the changes made in Middlesbrough in this period and how the managed to cope with the surge of people coming into Middlesbrough. Everything changed in Middlesbrough in the Industrial Revolution like mining, transport, agriculture and even technology. Population grew at great rate as there was plenty of work and cheap labour was readily available. In 1829 Middlesbrough sustained high growth in technology and population. It was to become, in a very short time a port for North East coal. The railways happened in 1833,In 1840 Middlesbrough dock was built, In 1850 Ironstone was ...view middle of the document...

The influx of workers soon got out of hand and nobody could cope with the amount of Labourers and workers that descended on Middlesbrough. The group of business men who bought and founded Middlesbrough built a small symmetrical town capable of housing 5000 people. Anybody who bought plots of land were in charge of the up keeping of their area and nearby surrounding areas as far as building their own roads, pavements and sewers. The town’s population increased 36 fold (3642%) between 1831 and 1841 from 154 to 5,463. The dramatic enlargement in population was due to the amount of work need in Middlesbrough. Labourers were needed at the plants process iron ore and for the transporting steel. http://www.bbc.co.uk/legacies/immig_emig/england/teesside/article_1.shtml
Middlesbrough was attracting workers from all over the world as far afield as Jamaica so if people were willing to travel that far there must have been plenty of work. Before the time of all the workers arrived to Middlesbrough, the town consisted of four farms that why there was such a crisis over housing. The group knew there was going to be a boom in labour and knew they could make their money on business and housing. Middlesbrough was starting to hold its own in the 1830’s, then in 1841 the economy of Middlesbrough was about to be stunting as the railway that was helping them make their money was about to be a downfall as it had become more profitable to transport coal by sea than railway making the coastal towns of Newcastle and Hartlepool more profitable then Middlesbrough. Middlesbrough was about to lose the coal railway business, 1839 Henry Bolckow and John Vaugham were looking for sites to open an iron working business. Pease sold them several acres in Middlesbrough in which to open there ironworking business. The iron working business was a success producing millions of tons of pig iron a year. A third of Britain’s total pig iron production. With Middlesbrough booming and doing this well everybody wanted to be here to work, between 1841 and 1891 the town grew from 5,463 to 75,532. The new population was made up of unskilled workers from all over the United Kingdom and Europe. New business quickly opened to deal with the surge in the population providing the everyday needs and the needs of the factories and business together these included merchants, butchers, innkeepers, joiners, blacksmiths, tailors, builders and painters. Middlesbrough had attracted all the labour and different trades and shops it needed to be a thriving town. As the town had all the trades it needed workshops were built all over. The town and the port were well over populated that the town couldn’t cope with the expansion of people. 20 years after the town was constructed that cholera swept across the streets of Middlesbrough, and the streets were condemned as unfit for human habitation. The town was well over run and in such a bad condition that the town’s council stepped in to take over and make all...

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