This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Industrial Revolution Essay

992 words - 4 pages

The Industrial Revolution and industrialization represent a decisive turning-point in socio-economic conditions and form the beginning of a new epoch in spatial and economic development in Europe. The origins of this development lie in Great Britain. From the 1730s on, most of the inventions characterizing the epoch were made there, falling on a ground that had been prepared by the beginnings of economic liberalism. Particular high gains in productivity were achieved in the production of textiles. Of similar significance was the replacement of charcoal by coal and later by coke which revolutionized the production of iron and steel. Blast furnaces were moved from wooded regions to deposits of ...view middle of the document...

Within the German Federation, machinery was put into use early, but could not become decisively established for a number of reasons: the country was fragmented into many small states [5] and there was no common market without customs-barriers. Other important factors were the absence of an efficient transportation system, the long-term consequences of the Thirty Years’ War (1618-48), the continued existence of the static feudal system of states with its commercial restrictions. A certain antipathy of part of the nobility and a lack of available investment capital were other obstacles of industrialization (Rübberdt 1972: 69-72; Buchheim 1994: 99-101).
Within the area of the German Federation [6] industrialization set in with a delay of almost 100 years. Compared to Great Britain the process showed some remarkable differences. Many inventions had already been made and could be adopted. Thus, the import of techniques, designs and machinery shortened the process of industrialization considerably. Important preconditions for the industrialization were an increase in population and a number of reforms (Stein-Hardenberg reforms in Prussia). The creation of the German customs union [7] in 1834 meant a further stimulus. In the 1830s, the adoption of technological innovations increased (Rürup 1992: 62-64; Buchheim 1994: 69-73; 99-101).
 
The construction of the railways [8] was the major driving force of industrialization. It did not only offer direct employment, but also increased the demand for steel, coal and locomotives. In the beginning, this demand had to rely on imports, which soon were replaced by domestic suppliers. The growth of the iron and steel industry lead to the emergence of centres of heavy industries. This development was accompanied by the emergence of numerous smaller workshops, which often started as repair-shops and went over to the development and construction of machinery. They were the origins of the mechanical industries that started developing increasingly independent in the 1840s. The significance of the railway for the development of investment capital should not be underestimated either. Partly supported by government guarantees, they were usually financed as joint-stock undertakings. As a result, they...

Other Papers Like The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution Essay

1415 words - 6 pages Introduction The industrial revolution took place between 1750 and 1850 all round the world. In this essay it describes the changes made in Middlesbrough in this period and how the managed to cope with the surge of people coming into Middlesbrough. Everything changed in Middlesbrough in the Industrial Revolution like mining, transport, agriculture and even technology. Population grew at great rate as there was plenty of work and cheap labour

Britain And The Industrial Revolution Essay

1688 words - 7 pages established itself as the first country to industrialise therefore instantly granting it a dominant position in the world economy, this would continue for a further century. During this time it was also advantaged in acquiring the largest empire seen of its time. This therefore suggests that the two developments had a relationship, as without one the other would have been inevitable. The Industrial Revolution and the British Empire are dependent

Offshoring: the Next Industrial Revolution?

1200 words - 5 pages International Human Resource Management and Organizational Behavior I 29th of March 2012 Offshoring: The next industrial Revolution? Summary The article consists of the idea that the third industrial revolutions is coming within the next couple of decades. Economists believe that this in merely an international business as usual, and that it will improve each nation comparative advantages. This revolution will not include shifts from

England the Powerhouse of the Industrial Revolution

901 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution was a major turning point in history as the transition from agrarian and manual labor-based economy to machine-based production fundamentally transformed economic, social, cultural and political life throughout Europe and eventually the rest of the world. The unprecedented economic change started to spread from Great Britain to Continental Europe in the 19th century. The pace of industrialization, however, varied

The Industrial Revolution: Textiles and Their Role

992 words - 4 pages During the industrial revolution, the textile industry was a vast market of economic prosperity and technological innovation. Friedel even quotes it as being “the most important trade in England” (Friedel, p. 213). But why was it this particular industry that thrived and flourished? Both the lecture and course readings seem to point at the fact that it catered to the already materialistic society. This essay will address points of interest from

Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution

1429 words - 6 pages Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution Module 1 Assignment 5 Ecology and Environmental Sustainability Instructor: Janet Bargar Argosy University Aisha Freelove 3/13/16 Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was introduced in the late 18th century and progressed throughout the 19th century. During this era many advancements were developed. In addition to the many

British Factories During the Industrial Revolution

1008 words - 5 pages BRITISH FACTORIES DURING THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION NAME COURSE DATE   The advent of the spinning frame in 1769 can be said to be the precursor of the growth of factories in Britain. Richard Arkwright is the brain behind the growth of factories following his patenting of the spinning frame, and consequently establishing the first Britain’s first true factory at Cromford . The spinning mill did change Great Britain

Life Changes During the Industrial Revolution

1334 words - 6 pages In Britain about two hundred years ago, great changes took place in making goods and transport, which has moulded the way our world works today. These changes made big differences to many people’s lives and work methods; and put together these are called the Industrial Revolution. They started in Britain and spead to Europe and on to the United States. A lot of the Industrial Revolution’s changes helped the lives of people as

Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution

1646 words - 7 pages Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution Temara Huston Argosy University Online SCI201— Ecology and Environmental Sustainability Module 1, Assignment 3 Dr: James Lilly 02/17/16 The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was a major turning point in earth’s ecology and the relationship between humans and environment. There were several negative environmentally impacts. Three in particular that are ripple effects to

Historical Analysis Of The Economical Breakthroughs Of The Industrial Revolution

1396 words - 6 pages A Historical Analysis of the Economical Breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution, many elements of society experienced huge breakthroughs that would change the way they functioned forever. Economics were definitely one of them. With many new inventions and many factories appearing, many, many, more resources were being created than ever before. Also, all of the revenue from these resources was being given

Negative Impacts of New Imperialism and the Industrial Revolution

926 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution brought many changes that have increased the quality of life for the average person where industrialization occurred, such as Britain. One change in particular was the increase of food production (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2011, p.491), which has been a factor of increased population. A major event that changed due to the Industrial Revolution was Imperialism. Before the 19th century, Imperialism provided Europeans with

Related Essays

The Industrial Revolution 1 Essay

2968 words - 12 pages THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transport, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions starting in the United Kingdom, then subsequently spreading throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world. The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in human history

The Next Industrial Revolution Essay

707 words - 3 pages I believe that the important conclusion from “The Next Industrial Revolution” is that, as the title suggests, we are going through a major transformation that is comparable to the First Industrial Revolution, and which brought us to industrial capitalism and increased the opportunities for material development. While industrial systems are on the peak of their success, the natural capital on which we all depend on to create economic wealth is

Britain: The Industrial Revolution Essay

835 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution | During the 1800s the Industrial Revolution spread throughout Britain.Britain changes from a rural society to an urban oneIn 1837, Britain was still a rural nation with 80% of the population living in the countryside. Most people were farmers or spun wool and cotton to weave into cloth. Soon new machines were invented that could do these jobs in a fraction of the time. This left many people out of work, so they

The Industrial Revolution Essay

2885 words - 12 pages The Industrial Revolution [pic] The Industrial Revolution may be defined as the application of power-driven machinery to manufacturing. It had its beginning in remote times, and is still continuing in some places. In the eighteenth century all of western Europe began to industrialize rapidly, but in England the process was most highly accelerated. England's head start may be attributed to the emergence of a number of simultaneous factors