The Impact Of Social Class (Socioeconomic Status) And Student Education

3688 words - 15 pages

SME 3023 : TRENDS AND ISSUES IN EDUCATION FOR MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES TAJUK : PERBEZAAN PENCAPAIAN PELAJAR NAMA PENSYARAH : PROF. DR. MARZITA PUTEH DISEDIAKAN OLEH :
Nama Ayuni Amalina bt Mukhtar Azrina Rafiq bt Mohd Adikan Wan Masturah bt Wan Mad Mohtar Nur Ain bt Ahmad Fikri Nasirah bt Che Daud No matrik D20081032369 D20081033205 D20081032356 D20081032311 D20081032296

1.0

Pendahuluan

Perbezaan pencapaian Matematik seringkali mendapat perhatian masyarakat dalam dunia pendidikan. Menurut Kamus Dewan Edisi ke-4, perbezaan bermaksud beza, kelainan dan ketidaksamaan. Pencapaian pula bermaksud apa yang telah dicapai, dihasilkan atau diperoleh serta prestasi. Perkataan Matematik pula ...view middle of the document...

Kajian berkaitan perbezaan pencapaian dalam subjek Matematik telah banyak dijalankan. Abdullah Mohd Noor (1999), menerusi kajiannya yang bertajuk pengaruh latar belakang sosial keluarga terhadap pencapaian Sains dan Matematik dalam kalangan murid sekolah rendah telah

mendapati bahawa latar belakang sosial seperti persekitaran keluarga, pekerjaan ibu bapa serta pendidikan ibu bapa mempunyai kaitan rapat dengan pencapaian anak anak mereka. Boocock (1972) dalam bukunya, Sociology of Learning menyatakan antara pengaruh-pengaruh dalam pencapaian akademik seseorang murid termasuklah persekitaran sosial seperti jenis keluarga, aspirasi keluarga, taraf pendidikan keluarga, jenis pekerjaan ibu bapa, pendapatan keluarga dan faktor keupayaan individu yang lahir dalam keluarga tersebut.

2.0

Faktor-faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perbezaan Pencapaian Pelajar

Terdapat dalam kalangan

banyak faktor yang boleh menyebabkan perbezaan pencapaian Matematik pelajar antaranya termasuklah faktor sosioekonomi, jantina dan faktor

pengaruh rakan sebaya. Sosioekonomi melibatkan faktor-faktor kemasyarakatan dan ekonomi (Kamus Dewan Edisi ke-4). Pengaruh latar belakang keluarga didapati mempengaruhi tahap pencapaian pelajar. Kajian mendapati bahawa status sosioekonomi, penglibatan ibu bapa dan saiz keluarga merupakan faktor keluarga yang penting (Majoribanks, 1996). Sementara itu, Majoribanks (1996) menyatakan bahawa latar belakang keluarga merupakan kunci bagi

kehidupan pelajar. Berada di luar sekolah merupakan pengaruh penting terhadap pembelajaran pelajar dan ini termasuklah faktor-faktor seperti status sosioekonomi, dua ibu bapa berbanding satu ibu bapa, penceraian, amalan keibubapaan dan aspirasi, ciri-ciri keibuan, saiz keluarga dan jiran-jiran sekelilng.

2.1

Faktor Status Sosioekonomi

Status sosioekonomi pada anak-anak secara keseluruhannya ditentukan melalui gabungan tahap pendidikan ibu bapa, status pekerjaan dan tahap pendapatan (Jeynes, 2002). Pelajar-pelajar

yang mempunyai status sosioekonomi yang rendah memperoleh skor kajian yang lebih rendah berbanding pelajar-pelajar yang mempunyai status sosioekonomi yang tinggi, dan lebih cenderung mengalami keciciran dalam persekolahan . Selain itu, status ekonomi yang dimiliki mengelakkan akses terhadap sumber-sumber pelajaran yang penting dan menyebabkan tekanan tambahan di rumah (Eamon, 2005).

Status sosioekonomi terdiri daripada beberapa aspek, antaranya ialah tahap pendidikan ibu bapa, sikap ibubapa, pendapatan keluarga, pekerjaan ibu bapa serta kestabilan keluarga. Aspek tahap pendidikan ibu bapa tidak dinafikan menjadi penyumbang utama dalam memastikan pencapaian cemerlang anak-anak. Menurut Saifuddin Hj. Masduki (1977), terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pencapaian akademik pelajar dengan tahap pendidikan ibu bapa. Semakin tinggi pendapatan ibu bapa dan tahap pendidikan mereka, semakin tinggi tahap pencapaian anak–anak mereka. Noraini (dalam Zarinah Arshat dan Rozumah...

Other Papers Like The Impact of Social Class (Socioeconomic Status) and Student Education

Using Material for Item a and Elsewhere, Asses the Importance of Cultural Factors in Causing Social Class Differences in Education Achievement

1095 words - 5 pages factor in younger children’s low attendance at school, which links to under achievements at school. The idea that children from working class backgrounds is also supported by sociologist Howard. Her claim is that children from poorer homes tend to have lower intakes of energy, vitamins and minerals. This will ten result in absences from school which is proven to have a big impact on education achievement. In addition to this Wilkinson has

The Impact of Sputnik and the Ndea on American Education

2385 words - 10 pages in school enrollment and population, other significant social trends began in the 20 years following the end of the war. In 1951, a class action suit was filed against the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas. The suit, which asked the school district to reverse its policy of racial segregation, concluded with the 1954 Supreme Court decision of Brown v. Board of Education, which

Class Size and the Effect on Student Performance

2734 words - 11 pages . The goal of inclusive education is for students of different levels with disabilities to become an integral part of their perspective learning environment, but with an increase in the population, budget cuts, and teacher layoffs, the class sizes become larger degrading the educational process, and student performance suffers. Class Size and the Effect on Student Performance There are many factors that have an influence on the educational

The Impact Of Social Network

801 words - 4 pages do not know the last time I actually called someone in my family outside of my mom on a daily basis. Seeing their pictures and posts on Facebook makes me feel as though everything is ok with them and talking on the phone is not a necessity.   Reference Bowles, M. D. (2013). Introduction to Digital Literacy. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. TUCKER C. Social Networks, Personalized Advertising, and Privacy Controls. Journal Of Marketing Research (JMR) [serial online]. October 2014;51(5):546-562. Available from: Business Source Elite, Ipswich, MA. Accessed October 21, 2014.

The Outsiders: Effects Of Social Class

2159 words - 9 pages different perceptions of social class along with S.E. Hinton's The Outsiders, it is illustrated that social class has an impact on people while they are growing up, and will usually deny them from rising above adversity.Many people have tried to figure out exactly what it is that makes up a particular social class. In Medieval times, the "Feudal System" was the structure of social division used among landowners. The nobles of the time were the

Define The Concept Of Social Class Identity

1140 words - 5 pages Define the concept of social class identity Social class identity is the term used when referring to the differences social classes have, such as different cultures, norms and values. This is a very difficult term to be used in order to categorise an individual as social class can be subjective or objective. The government uses the objective view, based on the based on the economical status of the individual, to be able to identify them into a

Impact of Ojt to the Student of Usm-Kcc

873 words - 4 pages determine the impact of O.J.T among the student of BT- 4A of USM–KCC-CIT batch 2014-2015. The researcher has chosen this study to determine the impact of O.J.T among the BT-4A of USM-KCC-CIT and find out how it would be useful for the improvement of their skill chosen. Statement of the Problem This study attempted to determine the impact of O.J.T among the BT-4A of USM-KCC-CIT batch 2014-2015. Specifically, it answered the question: 1

Race And Social Class

790 words - 4 pages Race and Social Class I don’t believe there is a true relationship between race and social class. I think we need to explore beyond race to find the true relationship to social class. I believe that the relationship we should be focusing on is the one between social class and education. Races and cultures that put a higher value on education tend to produce more members of society that move from a lower social class to a higher social class

The Role of the Student Nurse in Higher Education

1481 words - 6 pages A student in Higher Education and a Future Healthcare Practitioner. In this essay I will explore my initial reflections on my role as a student in higher education. There will a discussion on my role as a future healthcare practitioner and the efforts I need to make to achieve the professional status of a nurse. I will discuss my learning styles and identify key developmental needs to be addressed. There will be discussions on the concepts of

The Social Class

625 words - 3 pages The social class now a day will have influence in their vote, but what is most influential is Income, and Aspiration. For instance a rich, upper class person will always vote for the Government that will tax them least, they do have a good income and everything they need, and they care lees for people who have much less. The upper middle class are the one who also objects to taxation, they often pay a lot of tax and resent it being 'wasted

The Impact of Education in My Life

674 words - 3 pages The Impact of Education in My Life Education has changed my life, and will continue to change it for as long as I live. Education is the process of teaching and learning. It is an enlightening experience. I have a huge passion for learning, to learn as must as I can about a wide variety of subjects, and I believe that I always will. I want to be the best (and smartest) that I can be. Being educated can open many doors and many different

Related Essays

The Impact Of Education Technology On Student Achievement

1167 words - 5 pages The Impact of Education Technology on Student Achievement The purpose of this briefing is to outline what we know about the impact of education technology on learning and to identify resources for further study. Research on the impact of technology on learning is in its infancy though we are beginning to see solid work emerge. In this report, we look at some large scale state and national studies as well as some innovative smaller studies

Social Class Education Essay

700 words - 3 pages different social classes and the difference of the teachings. Its amazing how obvious it is that schools are placed in different social groups based on family income or different areas, and how the students are suffering from it. I've observed that in lower class schools, or schools that are filled with majority of children of parent s with blue- collar jobs are usually the students who are offered poorer education from the available teachers

Heredity And Social Status Essay

786 words - 4 pages In the past and even today, many people relied on their family name or social status in a community to gain them respect. “According to this system, there is a superior class of people, in which one can locate certain finer qualities” (Owens 1). William Faulkner’s short story “A Rose for Emily” and “A Good Man Is Hard to Find” by Flannery O’Connor there are characters to which these attributes apply. In “A Rose for Emily,” Emily is from a

Adult Education: Social Change Or Status Quo?

1766 words - 8 pages Adult Education: Social Change or Status Quo? Some believe that adult education was focused on a mission of social change in its formative years as a field in the 1920s. As it evolved and became institutionalized, the field became preoccupied with professionalization. More recently, emphasis on literacy and lifelong learning in a changing workplace has allied it with the agenda of economic competitiveness. This Digest examines the debate