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The Impact Of Social Class (Socioeconomic Status) And Student Education

3688 words - 15 pages

Nama Ayuni Amalina bt Mukhtar Azrina Rafiq bt Mohd Adikan Wan Masturah bt Wan Mad Mohtar Nur Ain bt Ahmad Fikri Nasirah bt Che Daud No matrik D20081032369 D20081033205 D20081032356 D20081032311 D20081032296



Perbezaan pencapaian Matematik seringkali mendapat perhatian masyarakat dalam dunia pendidikan. Menurut Kamus Dewan Edisi ke-4, perbezaan bermaksud beza, kelainan dan ketidaksamaan. Pencapaian pula bermaksud apa yang telah dicapai, dihasilkan atau diperoleh serta prestasi. Perkataan Matematik pula ...view middle of the document...

Kajian berkaitan perbezaan pencapaian dalam subjek Matematik telah banyak dijalankan. Abdullah Mohd Noor (1999), menerusi kajiannya yang bertajuk pengaruh latar belakang sosial keluarga terhadap pencapaian Sains dan Matematik dalam kalangan murid sekolah rendah telah

mendapati bahawa latar belakang sosial seperti persekitaran keluarga, pekerjaan ibu bapa serta pendidikan ibu bapa mempunyai kaitan rapat dengan pencapaian anak anak mereka. Boocock (1972) dalam bukunya, Sociology of Learning menyatakan antara pengaruh-pengaruh dalam pencapaian akademik seseorang murid termasuklah persekitaran sosial seperti jenis keluarga, aspirasi keluarga, taraf pendidikan keluarga, jenis pekerjaan ibu bapa, pendapatan keluarga dan faktor keupayaan individu yang lahir dalam keluarga tersebut.


Faktor-faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perbezaan Pencapaian Pelajar

Terdapat dalam kalangan

banyak faktor yang boleh menyebabkan perbezaan pencapaian Matematik pelajar antaranya termasuklah faktor sosioekonomi, jantina dan faktor

pengaruh rakan sebaya. Sosioekonomi melibatkan faktor-faktor kemasyarakatan dan ekonomi (Kamus Dewan Edisi ke-4). Pengaruh latar belakang keluarga didapati mempengaruhi tahap pencapaian pelajar. Kajian mendapati bahawa status sosioekonomi, penglibatan ibu bapa dan saiz keluarga merupakan faktor keluarga yang penting (Majoribanks, 1996). Sementara itu, Majoribanks (1996) menyatakan bahawa latar belakang keluarga merupakan kunci bagi

kehidupan pelajar. Berada di luar sekolah merupakan pengaruh penting terhadap pembelajaran pelajar dan ini termasuklah faktor-faktor seperti status sosioekonomi, dua ibu bapa berbanding satu ibu bapa, penceraian, amalan keibubapaan dan aspirasi, ciri-ciri keibuan, saiz keluarga dan jiran-jiran sekelilng.


Faktor Status Sosioekonomi

Status sosioekonomi pada anak-anak secara keseluruhannya ditentukan melalui gabungan tahap pendidikan ibu bapa, status pekerjaan dan tahap pendapatan (Jeynes, 2002). Pelajar-pelajar

yang mempunyai status sosioekonomi yang rendah memperoleh skor kajian yang lebih rendah berbanding pelajar-pelajar yang mempunyai status sosioekonomi yang tinggi, dan lebih cenderung mengalami keciciran dalam persekolahan . Selain itu, status ekonomi yang dimiliki mengelakkan akses terhadap sumber-sumber pelajaran yang penting dan menyebabkan tekanan tambahan di rumah (Eamon, 2005).

Status sosioekonomi terdiri daripada beberapa aspek, antaranya ialah tahap pendidikan ibu bapa, sikap ibubapa, pendapatan keluarga, pekerjaan ibu bapa serta kestabilan keluarga. Aspek tahap pendidikan ibu bapa tidak dinafikan menjadi penyumbang utama dalam memastikan pencapaian cemerlang anak-anak. Menurut Saifuddin Hj. Masduki (1977), terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pencapaian akademik pelajar dengan tahap pendidikan ibu bapa. Semakin tinggi pendapatan ibu bapa dan tahap pendidikan mereka, semakin tinggi tahap pencapaian anak–anak mereka. Noraini (dalam Zarinah Arshat dan Rozumah...

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