This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Impact Of Hiv/Aids On Food Security And Livelihood In The Southern Part Of Africa

2769 words - 12 pages

The impacts of HIV/AIDS on poor rural populations are many and intertwined. The impacts can be felt most dramatically in entrenched poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition, in the reduction of the labour force, and in the loss of essential knowledge that is transmitted from generation to generation. And the impacts are felt disproportionately among women.
What's more, these same consequences of HIV/AIDS - poverty, food insecurity, malnutrition, reduced labour force and loss of knowledge - contribute to making the rural poor more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS infection. This devastating cycle must be broken, and the agricultural sector has a critical role to play.
It is ...view middle of the document...

  Research in Tanzania showed that per capita food consumption in the poorest households decreased by 15 percent when an adult died. A study carried out in Uganda showed that food insecurity and malnutrition were foremost among the immediate problems faced by female-headed, AIDS-affected households.
In addition to household food security, national food production is also affected by the loss of agricultural workers, especially in countries where agriculture forms a large part of the gross domestic product.
HIV/AIDS has direct impacts on nutrition, particularly for people living with HIV/AIDS and for nutritionally vulnerable members in HIV/AIDS-affected households.
People living with HIV face a vicious cycle in which repeated episodes of illness caused by HIV lead to malnutrition, and malnutrition in turn further accelerates the onset of AIDS. HIV damages a person's immune system, and the repeated illness that ensues reduces appetite; moreover, nutrients are lost from vomiting and diarrhoea, and the use of certain medications. Infections also interfere with the body's ability to absorb and use nutrients, which are needed to fight off HIV. This has serious consequences for the poor, who are more likely to be malnourished even before they become infected.
Malnutrition in itself also leads to the suppression of the immune system, giving rise to more frequent illnesses and accelerating the development of AIDS. It may also be associated with increased risk of HIV transmission from mother to child.
The recurring bouts of sickness of those living with HIV places an enormous workload on those who care for them and those who foster orphans. Female-headed and orphan-headed households are most at risk. Moreover, the costs of health care and the labour constraints gradually drain the household of its means to make a living. This further exacerbates poverty, food insecurity, malnutrition and disease. Food-insecure households are more likely to turn to livelihoods that put them at greater risk of infection, such as migration and prostitution.
As HIV is predominantly a sexually transmitted disease, the largest number of people infected are those of reproductive age. Thus, the HIV epidemic not only reduces the total number of people, but the age and sex composition changes, with a population dominated by the elderly and the youth.
The reproductive age group is also the most productive. When a person is sick, the household not only has to manage without his or her labour contribution, but also with the loss of labour from those who have to care for the sick family member.
AIDS is characterized by recurrent periods of sickness, and consequently a recurrent loss of labour. This eventually erodes agricultural production and food security. Much of rural agricultural production is highly labour-dependent. In some agro-ecological zones, labour demands are concentrated in specific and critical periods of the year. In those areas...

Other Papers Like The Impact of Hiv/Aids on Food Security and Livelihood in the Southern Part of Africa

The Politics of Hiv/Aids Essay

1265 words - 6 pages . . "Politics and Political Economy of HIV/AIDS." United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. 1 Sept. 2005. Web. 6 Nov. 2014. . Dunning, Casey. "The Turning Point in Spending for Combating HIV/AIDS." Center For American Progress. 8 Aug. 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. . "Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS." 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 6 Nov. 2014. . "Global Issues:AIDS." The United Nations. It's Your World. 1 Jan. 2011. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. . "Foreign Aid for HIV/AIDS in Africa." World Public Opinion. 1 Sept. 2013. Web. 6 Nov. 2014. .

A National Perspective of the Hiv/Aids Epidemic on Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S

2027 words - 9 pages A National Perspective of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S. Washington, Keith Dr. Trigg HSHA 332 December 2, 2015 A National Perspective of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S. HIV is the abbreviation for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS. HIV affects specific cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, if left untreated

The New Face of Hiv/Aids

2989 words - 12 pages Kaelber, executive director of SAGE, founded 25 years ago to address the impact of aging on the gay and lesbian community. "The very services that, when you age alone, become really critical care services that either they don't access or, if they do access, they tend to do it in very proscribed, anonymous way” ( Kaelber 2009). Conclusion… HIV/AIDS in the elderly population is an extensive and increasing problem. The health and sociological

The Global Significance of the Pattern of Hiv/Aids

716 words - 3 pages impact on the spread of HIV/AIDS. This is when a huge surge of people move from one country to another. Migration can be for many reasons, like a natural disaster e.g. earthquakes and tsunami's. It can be a forced mass migration. Either way, when a surge of people like this move, they could bring something with them, in this case it can be HIV/AIDS. When large numbers of people migrate it can cause an increase in the host country's HIV/AIDS rate

The Aids Epidemic in Africa

2265 words - 10 pages that could be attributed to Uganda’s decline in AIDS cases could be that they have the power to control sexual behavior and sexual access among their members, who depend on their livelihood on land controlled by their kin groups. Where as in South Africa most people live in urban areas, few own land and kin groups are weak and use little influence. I think if South Africa would have educated their people from the beginning of the crisis, their

African Cultures That Make the Spread of Hiv/Aids Easy

901 words - 4 pages her well being and raising the children with a father figure. However, under today’s circumstances, African women like Uganda’s HIV/AIDS activist Beatrice Were and the Obwanda Distress Relief Woman’s Club in Kenya, live to tell of how they stood against such a custom especially in the realization of HIV/AIDS. Yet this culture still looms over Africa affecting a number of those who are not awakened to the dangers of it. In Africa a woman

Stages of Hiv and Aids Counseling

5080 words - 21 pages In this writing the writer is going to discuss the stages of HIV and AIDS Counseling and these are pre-test counseling, post test counseling and on- going counseling, which is normal done for HIV positive clients. However before these stages are discussed further, the writer is going to give a brief background of HIV and AIDS Counseling. This will include the definition of HIV and AIDS Counseling. Various definitions by different scholars are

Hiv and Aids in Malawi

2270 words - 10 pages life and needs assessment on people living with HIV and AIDS in Malawi. AIDS Care, 23(3), 287-302. doi:10.1080/09540121.2010.507742 Religion Malawi | Travel Guide | Tourist Information. (n.d.). Malawi Tourism and Travel Information | Accommodation, Attractions, Transport, Safari, Holiday. Retrieved March 16, 2012, from Serieux, J. E., Munthali, S., Sepehri, A., & White, R. (2012). The Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on HIV and AIDS Programs in a High Prevalence Country: The Case of Malawi. World Development, 40(3), 501-515. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.07.006

The Impact Of Fast Food Advertisements On Consumers’ Buying Behavior

3323 words - 14 pages The Impact of Fast Food Advertisements on Consumers’ Buying Behavior Syafiqah Abstract Media are the most powerful tool of communication to advertise products and services of companies. Thus, types of media used are important in order to determine the effectiveness of advertisements. The aim of the present study is to examine the impact of fast food advertisements on consumers’ buying behavior. There are two main objectives of the paper

Debate on the Ethics of Aids

1977 words - 8 pages Vaccine (Veljkovic, xii. The Ethical Involvement of Women in HIV Vaccine Trials in Africa: (Wassenaar & Barsdorf, 2007). xiii. An HIV Vaccine: How and When (Esparza, 2001) This article is important to the debate because it discusses the current state if the high proportion of the population is being infected with HIV. Also, the article touches on the concepts of HIV, AIDS, and Vaccine. xiv. How

Importance of Media in Risk Reduction and Management in Southern Africa

2921 words - 12 pages Q; Examine the significance of media in disaster risk reduction and disaster management in Southern Africa. In recent years a larger number of communities have had to bear the adverse effectsof hazards .The Southern part of Africa which is the study area of this script has experienced more frequent disasters most significantly droughts ,earthquakes ,fires and floods to mention but just a few.The media has however, intriguingly pulled an

Related Essays

The Direct And Indirect Affect Of Hiv/Aids On Children In Africa

2286 words - 10 pages The Direct and Indirect Effects of HIV/AIDS on Children and Youth in Africa Rojish Thomas English 202A June 21, 2012 The Direct and Indirect Effects of HIV/AIDS on Children and Youth in Africa HIV and AIDS are two of the most prevalent illnesses around the world today. HIV, or the human immunodeficiency virus, leads to AIDS, or the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. The disease damages a person’s body by destroying the blood cells

A Study Of The Rates Of Co Infection Of Hiv/Aids And Tuberculosis In Urbanized Regions Within Sub Saharan Africa

2388 words - 10 pages patterns and co-infection of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis in Sub-Saharan Africa is alarming due to the scale and frequency at which it occurs. A study conducted on the female migrant population in Kenya acknowledges that the itinerant female migrant population is very susceptible HIV/AIDS as compared to the local population, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa – home to the largest migrant worker population in the world (Mweru 2008). The findings of the

Sub Saharan Africa And The Challenge Of Food Security

1034 words - 5 pages measure to the challenge of food security in sub-Saharan Africa. Secondly, HIV / AIDS has continued to threaten the livelihood of a vast number of people in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome is a deadly viral disease caused by the dreaded Human Immune Virus (HIV). Statistics show that about seventy percent of infected persons worldwide reside in Sub-Sahara Africa where majority of the populace live below

The Effect Of Hiv/Aids On Women

1073 words - 5 pages , but by focusing on the underlying issues and not simply the superficial issue of the virus itself, their hard work may prove to advance the quality of life of future generations (Fleshman). Works Cited Fleshman, Michael. "Women: the Face of AIDS in Africa." Women: the Face of AIDS in Africa. Oct. 2004. Web. 15 Sept. 2010. . "South Africa: Rural Women the Losers in HIV Response." South Africa: Rural Women the Losers in HIV Response Amnesty International. 18 Mar. 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2010. . "Women and HIV/AIDS." Women Organization: International Women's Organization for Women’s Issues - Soroptimist International. Apr. 2009. Web. 15 Sept. 2010. .