Teacher Mrs. Gladys Ngezem
Holocaust Research Paper
It all started in 1933 when Hitler came to power in Germany. Adolf Hitler was a very strong minded individual that liked everything to go his way, and for what he believed in. Germany was already a very racial country, and judged people strongly on their religious beliefs, and their political communities. The Nazis, also known as the National Socialist German Worker's Party, planned to murder the Jewish people. They called this plot, “the final solution.” The Holocaust was a devastating time during World War Two that changed the lives of many people all over the ...view middle of the document...
The nights of November ninth and tenth, 1938, also known as the “Kristallnacht”, was horrifying for Jews. The night was filled with violence, and pillaging and burning of synagogues. The Nazis broke windows and raided the Jewish-owned businesses. The Jews were physically attacked, and about 30,000 Jews were arrested and taken to concentration camps. As SS leader Reinhard Heydrich stated during a later meeting, “7,500 businesses were destroyed, 267 synagogues burned (with 177 totally destroyed) and 91 Jews were killed.” Heydrich also requested, “that new decrees barring Jews from any contact with Germans by excluding them from public transportation, schools, even hospitals, essentially forcing them into ghettos or out of the country.” In that meeting, Hermann Göring stated regarding the economic damage of the night, that the Jews themselves would be billed for the damage, and that any insurance money due to them would be confiscated by the state.
Ghettos were specific areas in cities that the Nazis ordered the Jews to live in. Ghettos started off more open, where you could leave during the day and come back when you had to,
But then they got stricter and the Jews were trapped within boundaries of the ghetto and not allowed to leave at all. The Nazis sent deportations from the ghettos, tricking them by saying they were being transferred to another location to do some labor. In some of the larger ghettos, 1,000 people per day were forced on trains and sent to either a concentration camp or a death camp. The largest ghetto was in Warsaw, and had a population of around 445,000. When the Nazis decided to kill the remaining of the Jews in the ghetto, they would “liquidate” a ghetto by loading the rest on a train. When the Nazis tried to liquidate the Warsaw Ghetto, the Jews were not going to go down without a fight. This event was called the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The Jewish fighters held their own against the whole Nazi organization for twenty-eight days.
When the Jews were transferred by train, they were either taken to a concentration camp, extermination camp, labor camp, prisoner-of-war camp, or transit camp. Life in the camps was horrible. The Jewish prisoners were forced into doing hard physical labor. Besides labor, the prisoners were tortured, and deaths in the concentration camps were very common. The prisoners slept three or more people per crowded wooden bunk, and the bunks did not have any mattresses...