The History Of The Telephone Essay

1657 words - 7 pages

The History of the Telephone - Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell - Brief Biography
Born on March 3, 1847, in Edinburgh, Scotland, Alexander Graham Bell was the son and grandson of authorities in elocution and the correction of speech. Educated to pursue a career in the same specialty, his knowledge of the nature of sound led him not only to teach the deaf, but also to invent the telephone.

In the 1870s, two inventors Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell both independently designed devices that could transmit speech electrically (the telephone). Both men rushed their respective designs to the patent office within hours of each other, Alexander Graham Bell patented his ...view middle of the document...

He is the second of three sons; his siblings are Melville (b. 1845) and Edward (b. 1848).

1858
Bell adopts the name Graham out of admiration for Alexander Graham, a family friend, and becomes known as Alexander Graham Bell.

1862
October Alexander Graham Bell arrives in London to spend a year with his grandfather, Alexander Bell.

1863
August Bell begins teaching music and elocution at Weston House Academy in Elgin, Scotland, and receives instruction in Latin and Greek for a year.

1864
April Alexander Melville Bell develops Visible Speech, a kind of universal alphabet that reduces all sounds made by the human voice into a series of symbols. Visible Speech Chart
Fall Alexander Graham Bell attends the University of Edinburgh.

1865-66
Bell returns to Elgin to teach and experiments with vowel pitches and tuning forks.

1866-67
Bell teaches at Somersetshire College in Bath.

1867
May 17 Younger brother Edward Bell dies of tuberculosis at the age of 19.
Summer Alexander Melville Bell publishes his definitive work on Visible Speech, Visible Speech: The Science of Universal Alphabetics.

1868
May 21 Alexander Graham Bell begins teaching speech to the deaf at Susanna Hull's school for deaf children in London.
Bell attends University College in London.

1870
May 28 Older brother Melville Bell dies of tuberculosis at the age of 25.
July-August Alexander Graham Bell, his parents, and his sister-in-law, Carrie Bell, emigrate to Canada and settle in Brantford, Ontario.

1871
April Moving to Boston, Alexander Graham Bell begins teaching at the Boston School for Deaf Mutes.

1872
March-June Alexander Graham Bell teaches at the Clarke School for the Deaf in Boston and at the American Asylum for the Deaf in Hartford, Connecticut.
April 8 Alexander Graham Bell meets Boston attorney Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who will become one of his financial backers and his father-in-law.
Fall Alexander Graham Bell opens his School of Vocal Physiology in Boston and starts experimenting with the multiple telegraph. Brochure for Bell's School of Vocal Physiology

1873
Boston University appoints Bell Professor of Vocal Physiology and Elocution at its School of Oratory. Mabel Hubbard, his future wife, becomes one of his private pupils.

1874
Spring Alexander Graham Bell conducts acoustics experiments at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He and Clarence Blake, a Boston ear specialist, begin experimenting with the mechanics of the human ear and the phonautograph, a device that could translate sound vibrations into visible tracings.
Summer In Brantford, Ontario, Bell first conceives of the idea for the telephone. (Bell's original sketch of the telephone) Bell meets Thomas Watson, a young electrician who would become his assistant, at Charles Williams's electrician shop in Boston.

1875
January Watson begins working with Bell more regularly.
February Thomas Sanders, a wealthy leather merchant whose deaf son studied with Bell,...

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