|The History and Culture of The Sioux Native American’s |
|Carla Bauer |
|COM/150 ...view middle of the document...
Around the early 1800’s when there was a vast amount of white settlers and more so Christian missionaries. Soon there after the Sioux language was translated into English- and a grammar/dictionary was created for the white settlers to read and so that they could eventually translate the Bible into the Sioux language.
Mythology and Beliefs are very important to the Sioux tribes and are still around today. The legend of the dream catcher began with Lakota; it all started out with a dream by a spiritual leader. “In his vision, Iktomi, the great trickster and teacher of wisdom, appeared in the form of a spider.” (Crystal, 1995) They spoke about the cycle of life and how there are forces in life and must choose the right path and "Use the web to help yourself and your people to reach your goals and make good use of your people's ideas, dreams and visions” (Crystal, 1995). The elder passed his the vision on to the people of the Sioux tribe and they now use the dream catcher as their web of life. The Dream catcher is used by hanging above the beds in their home and this way it will help to remove bad visions and dreams. The good “part” of their dreams is captured in the web of life and is always with them, at the same time as the good gets caught, the bad and evil goes though the hole in the center and will never be part of them. They believe that the dream catcher holds the destiny of their future (Crystal, 1995).
The Lakota have seven sacred rites that shape the spiritual foundation of their nation. They represent ceremonies and beliefs of which seem to be similar to many Native American tribes across the nation. They all are considered to be very powerful and critical to the way of life and to live a meaningful life according to the Sioux Native Americans. The keeping of the soul (Nagi Gluhapi Na Nagi Gluxkapi) is a ceremony of which spiritual healing is performed after a death. This will help them to cross over to the land of the Great Spirit and stay at peace. The Sweat Lodge (Inipi) is to help cleanse the spirit and bring the person closer to the Great Spirit or toward a solution of a personal crisis. This is a very common rite and always they always have the same general goal at hand. The Vision Quest (hanbleceyapi) is designed to bring a new found awareness to ones self as well as his place in the world. This is one of the most prevailing ways to bringing oneself closer to the Great Spirit. The Sun Dance (wiwanyag wachipi) is a ceremony that lasts for several days, typically four day days and is normally fast dancing and is designed to help ease suffering among the tribe, this is a common way for those to help others in a time of suffering. The making of relatives (Hunkapi) is a ceremony that will help to make stronger relationships with others, and involves giving; receive gifts and sharing food and conversation. This is the most common way for those to extend their family and grow to know each other. The Puberty Rite (ishna...