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The Good Neighbor Policy Essay

2172 words - 9 pages

The Good Neighbor Policy

On March 3, 1947, President Truman had given a speech, in Mexico City, Mexico, concerning a few western ideals. These ideals; independence, nationalism, freedom, democracy and human dignity are all of which the western world, particularly the United States, had promised to uphold to developing countries throughout the world. It could be said that throughout history the United States has betrayed these promises.
Considering the good neighbor policy, as defined in the speech given by President Truman on March 3, 1947, it could be said that the United States has imposed its ideals on developing countries that in some way could be beneficial to her, as the cases of ...view middle of the document...

In the midst of the 1952 United States presidential election, Britain was facing its own issues in its country, mainly providing the British people a high standard of living, which was largely dependent upon the oil out of Iran. The British government primarily owned a corporation, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which held a monopoly on Iranian oil. Mohammad Reza Shah, a corrupt monarch, had a contract with the British government, which had only sixteen percent of the profits from the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company going to the country of Iran. In the spring of 1951, Mohammed Mossadegh came to power as the prime minister of Iran, and he, as many Iranians wanted, he wanted to end the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, and nationalize the oil industry to develop Iran. When the Iranian Parliament voted to nationalize the oil industry Britain became outraged, and dumbfounded how a country such as Iran was able to rise up and hurt Britain so bad. It was at this time that the British government realized that it did not have the means to end the nationalization law that had been in-acted by the Iranian government. As Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected the next president of the United States, the chief of CIA operations in the Middle East, Kermit Roosevelt, happened to be traveling through London after having left from a trip to Iran. It was then the British government had decided to recruit the help of the CIA to carry out a coup which the British themselves were unable to do. The British were eager to get this operation, known as Operation Ajax, underway, even before Eisenhower was inaugurated, they sent Christopher Montague Woodhouse, a top British intelligence agent, to speak with, soon to be Secretary of State, Dulles. It was quickly decided by the two men that the best way to overthrow Mossadegh was to tell the American people he was leading Iran to communism. (Overthrow, pgs. 117-121)
As the plan came about, it was decided to send one million dollars to the CIA station in Tehran, to “bring about the fall of Mossadegh in any way possible”. Many things were done to bring about the fall of Mossadegh. These ranged from false information about his government being published in forms of news articles to hiring a retired general, Fazlollah Zahedi as the leader of a coup. On “Coup Day” as it was called, thousands of paid demonstrators would demand the dismissal of Mossadegh. If this were to fail those loyal to Zahedi would arrest him. On July 19, 1953, Roosevelt had crossed into the Iranian border to begin his work. He would create an artificial wave of anti-Mossadegh protests and would denounce him with accusations of him being anything from an atheist, Jew, infidel, to cartoons which depicted him to be a homosexual, to an agent to British Imperialism. On the day of August 19, 1953, Mossadegh was pushed to resignation.(Overthrow, pgs. 123-128)
As stated in President Truman’s speech, the United States had promised not to impose its will on any weaker, developing...

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