The Future of Nursing
September 18, 2013
The Future of Nursing
In 1970 The Institute of Medicine was founded by the National Academy of sciences. The National Academy of sciences advises the federal government on issues involving medical care, education, and research. In 2010 the Institute of Medicine issued “The future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.” The recommendations in the report are directed towards state and local governments, policy makers licensing bodies, colleges, nurses, health care researchers, and many other groups and organizations ("IOM," 2010, p. 16). The Institute of Medicine advised eight ...view middle of the document...
* By 2020 double the numbers of nurses with a masters or doctorate degrees.
* Increase the diversity of nursing to ensure nurses are able to provide care across all cultures("advocates," 2013)
The Institute of Medicine has several recommendations regarding transforming nursing practice. The recommendation suggests nurses should be able to practice to the full extent of their education and training. The report suggests nurses do not practice to their full extent because of policy and regulation barriers. Also, because of the difficulties new nurses have transitioning from a school setting to a practice setting.
Nursing scope of practice varies from state to state. Some states allow nurse practioners to work independently, however most states do not (Garner, 2011). In 2010 President Obama addressed the American Nurses Association to announce investments to expand the primary care workforce. These included more funding for nurse practioner students and for nurse and nurse practioner run clinics. The President states, “This is a larger effort to make our system work better for nurses and doctors, and to improve the quality of care for patients ("IOM," 2010, p. 109).
The Institute of Medicine suggests practices must be transformed to make nurses better prepared to enter the workforce. The Institute of Medicine recommends that nurse residency programs be utilized to provide nurses with an appropriate transition from nursing school to nursing practice, thus developing knowledgeable nurses who are competent ("IOM," 2010, p. 148). The practice I work in no longer has a nurse residency program due to budget cuts. Nurse residency programs offers new nurses the confidence, competency, skills, and recourses they need to become a competent nurse. The nurse residency program should be reinstated to give new nurses the chance they deserve.
The Institute of Medicine recommends nurses should be...