AP European History
1. . Salvation by faith alone, the ministry of all believers, and the authority of the Bible are principles basic to
(A) the Christian humanism of Erasmus
(B) the Church of England
(C) Catholicism after the Council of Trent
(D) Lutheranism in the early sixteenth century
(E) the Society of Jesus (Jesuit order)
2. The term "humanism," when applied to Renaissance Italy, refers primarily to the:
(A) renewed interest in the scientific method at many Italian universities
(B) capitalist values advanced by leading Italian merchant bankers
(C) anti-religious movement among leading Italian intellectuals
(D) scholarly interest in ...view middle of the document...
(B) Secured the nation's coastal defenses.
(C) Initiated a program of church-building throughout the country.
(D) Encouraged the development of market oriented agricultural production.
(E) Barred Roman Catholic heirs from the throne.
7. Of the following, which was the most important result of the Peace of Utrecht (1713)?
(A) It allowed the unification of the thrones of France and Spain.
(B) It weakened Great Britain's effort to replace France as the leading colonial power.
(C) It divided the Spanish colonial empire between the French and the British.
(D) It dealt a blow to the Austrian Hapsburgs, who had expected to acquire Gibraltar.
(E) It ended the efforts of Louis XIV to dominate continental European politics.
8. Which of the following is most characteristic of Voltaire's ideas?
(A) Empiricism and religious toleration are to be celebrated.
(B) The branches of government should be balanced.
(C) Future progress is inevitable and limitless.
(D) The General Will is the ideal basis for good government.
(E) Sensory experience can never be verified.
9. Which of the following actions by Napoleon aided the cause of German unification?
(A) The elimination of many small states and the political reorganization of territory
(B) The incorporation of Schleswig-Holstein into Prussia
(C) The expulsion of the Turks occupying the European territory where German was spoken
(D) The reversal of the long-standing policy of French support for the Holy Roman Empire
(E) The requirement that all people in conquered lands speak a common language, French
10. Italian society differed from the rest of Europe during the Renaissance in which of the following ways?
(A) Strong traditions of kingship
(B) Political unity centered on the papacy
(C) Number of urban commercial centers
(D) Rapid pace of agricultural innovation
(E) Matriarchal political leadership
11. A primary goal of Philip II of Spain was to:
(A) grant toleration to religious minorities
(B) create a monarchy accessible to the people
(C) reunite the Spanish and Austrian Hapsburg empires
(D) strengthen the Spanish economy
(E) maintain Spanish control of the Netherlands
12. The most important goal of the Council of Trent was the:
(A) strengthening of internal Church discipline
(B) organization of military opposition to the Reformation
(C) establishment of new religious orders
(D) reduction of papal control of doctrine
(E) preparation of a revised prayer book
13. The leading economic center of early seventeenth century Europe was:
14. Which of the following was the most important assumption underlying the economic philosophy of mercantilism?
(A) Expansion of trade would lead to greater production and lower prices.
(B) Merchants were subversive elements who should be controlled.
(C) The wealth of nations was limited and needed to be carefully preserved.