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The Existence Of Money Essay

721 words - 3 pages

Het
 bestaan
 van
 geld
 
 
  In
 dit
 essay
 zal
 het
 bestaan
 van
 geld
 besproken
 worden.
 Eerst
 zal
 gekeken
 worden
 naar
 de
 sociale
  ontologie
 van
 geld.
 Vervolgens
 zal
 uitgelegd
 worden
 waarom
 geld
 bestaat.
 Daarna
 zal
 ingegaan
  worden
 op
 de
 huidige
 problemen
 met
 de
 Euro.
 Op
 basis
 van
 het
 besprokene
 zal
 een
 conclusie
  worden
 getrokken
 of
 de
 Euro
 kan
 overleven.
 
 
  De
 ontologie
 van
 geld
 kan
 afgeleid
 worden
 van
 wat
 Keynes
...view middle of the document...

 Allereerst
 omdat
 het
 rationeel
 en
 in
 ons
 eigen
 belang
 is
 om
 ze
 te
 accepteren,
 aangezien
 het
  consistent
 is
 met
 wat
 we
 rationeel
 gekozen
 hebben
 in
 het
 begin.
 Dit
 is
 een
 functionele
 verklaring:
  geld
 bestaat
 omdat
 het
 welvaart
 creëert.
 Instituties
 zijn
 belangrijk
 voor
 economische
 ontwikkeling.
  Daarnaast
 accepteren
 we
 instituties
 omdat
 we
 ze
 als
 vanzelfsprekend
 beschouwen
 en
 er
 niet
 over
  nadenken.
 We
 zijn
 ons
 niet
 meer
 bewust
 van
 het
 bestaan
 ervan.
 
 Daarnaast
 bestaan
 sommige
  instituties
 omdat
 ze
 een
 normatief
 karakter
 hebben,
 dat
 aangeeft
 hoe
 het
 zou
 moeten
 zijn,
 zoals
 het
  geval
 is
 bij
 het
 geven
 van
 fooi.
 
 
  Geld
 is
 een
 ruilmiddel,
 spaarmiddel
 en
 rekeneenheid
 (The
 Economist,
 2012).
 Deze
 functionele
  verklaring
 is
 echter
 niet
 genoeg.
 Om
 te
 verklaren
 waarom
 geld
 bestaat
 is
 een
 causale
 verklaring
  nodig,
 waarbij
 gekeken
 wordt
 naar
 de
 oorzaak.
 Volgens
 Menger
 (1892)
 ligt
 de
 oorzaak
 in
 een
  behoefte
 om
 de
 ruilkosten
 te
 reduceren,
 een
 reactie
 op
 de
 handelskosten.
 
 Goodhart
 (1998)
  beargumenteert
 dat
 deze
 theorie
 onjuist
 is
 en
 komt
 met
 de
 ‘Cartalist’
 theorie,
 waarin
 de
 overheid
  geld
 bedacht
 heeft
 zodat
 ze
 belasting
 kunnen
 innen
 en
 om
 welvaart
 te
 creëren.
 
 
  De
 grote
 vraag
 is
 nu
 of
 de
 Euro
 over
 tien
 jaar
 nog
 een
 betaalmiddel
 is.
 De
 problemen
 rondom
 de
 Euro
  zijn
 het
 best
 te
 begrijpen
 vanuit
 het
 meta-­‐theoretische
 perspectief
 ‘social
 meaning’.
 Van
 Willigenburg
  (2012)
 zegt
 daarover
 het
 volgende:
 “people
 seem
 like
 players
 in
 a
 game
 that
 they
 do
 not
 direct
  themselves.
 The
 game
 is
 directed
 at
 a
 supra-­‐individual
 level.”
 Het
 probleem
 met
 de
 Euro
 is
 dat
 het
  niet
 aan
 de
 Cartalist
 theorie
 voldoet
 en
 niet
 ondersteund
 wordt
...

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