The Evolution Of Marriage Essay

2464 words - 10 pages

A New Era in Marriage
Patrick Liou
PSYC 359
Professor Barone

A New Era in Marriage
Robert Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love states that intimacy, passion, and commitment combine to produce different types of love, ranging from non-love to consummate love. In the 21st century, most Americans consider romantic love as key criteria in finding a marital spouse, but throughout history, the choice of a spouse usually had little if any to do with romantic love. In the 1960s, when the dynamics of a marriage followed the breadwinner-homemaker model, couples who married looked for a companionate partnership that would provide a stable living financially since financial stability was often ...view middle of the document...

Love in the 1960s is characterized as the companionate marriage, where friendship and commitment takes precedence over romance and passion when selecting a mate. To put things in perspective in Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love, companionate love would be high in the intimacy and commitment aspect, where “closeness, communication and sharing are coupled with substantial investment in the relationship as the partners work to maintain deep, long-term friendship” (Miller & Perlman, 2009 pg. 250), but lacking in the aspect of passion. This type of love has an emphasis on affection, friendship, and sexual gratification, but is still gendered by division of labor. There are strong gender roles and expectations as the man of the house provides for the family financially as the breadwinner while the woman took on the motherly nurturing role, staying at home to look after the house and raise their children.
Today, the expectations of what constitutes a partner as marriage material has grown significantly. People believe they deserve to find passion and romance in their relationships and strive to find a partner that fits all three aspects of Sternberg’s theory, a style of love otherwise known as consummate love. These marriages can be described as individualized marriages, as there is an emphasis on self-development, flexible roles, and communication while traditional gender roles are more likely to be dismissed. If the benefits of the relationship fall below expectations, the option of divorcing a partner is socially acceptable and viable as there are less financial consequences. This can be attributed to the blurring of social gender roles in the 21st century. It is far more common today for both partners of a marriage to have professional careers than it was in the 1960s. A study done recently by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (2000) found that the majority of married couples in the United States both work.
The deterioration of gender roles of women fifty years ago and present day demonstrate the change in attitudes that allow women to explore their own professional careers. In the 1960s, the traditional life stages of women included getting married in their late teens to early twenties, and bearing and raising children until mid-life, leaving no time for them to pursue their own professional careers. A study conducted by Thelma Vriend (1977) outlines the changes that have led to more American women joining the workforce. The study states that many women still interrupt their career goals for marriage and childbearing, but “social and economic changes have freed women for mid-life career crises compounded by sex-linked salary and responsibility inequities” (Vriend, 1977). However, Vriend concludes that the “family first, career second” myth still hinders women’s search for a satisfying professional career and gender inequalities still exist as role-overload is much more prevalent for women than men (Vriend, 1977). Still,...

Other Papers Like The Evolution of Marriage

The Institution of Marriage Essay

715 words - 3 pages Marriage means the institution in which a man and a woman become legally united on a permanent basis. This is the lexical meaning of one of the most important institutions of our time. Nowadays this institution is under a certain threat which is called ‘’unisex marriage’’. There are a lot of debates about this threat. People discuss if unisex marriage helps or hurts the sacred institution of marriage. Most of the people think that

The Evolution of the Salesperson Essay

2450 words - 10 pages The Evolution of the Salesperson Over the years the art of selling has evolved beyond our imagination. The days of selling door to door and traveling across the country to make a profit are almost extinct. Salespeople have been taught to hit the street, knock on doors and close deals but global markets, increased technology and complex products have combined to make the buying and selling business more profitable than ever. In “Death of

The Evolution of the Vampire

2783 words - 12 pages that there was too much Norman ideas and not enough real life. Sex after marriage is not a large element in today’s society so trying to put it into a novel, acts almost like a form of brainwashing instead of updating the vampire story, people believed she was updating the vampire itself. The traditional Vampires aren’t supposed to care about moral values so why try to pretense it. In conclusion, the folkloric vampire was considered the stuff of

Evolution of the Human Eye

5715 words - 23 pages the space in between the two layers allowing for greater image resolution and wider viewing angles. (Shimeld. S) This fluid and the layers form what we call the lens. Scars of evolution For every complex and ingenious feature that evolution has created in the eye, there are a number of flaws. For example the retina is inside out which means that light must travel through capillaries to reach the photoreceptors, this creates unwanted

The Evolution Of Mass Media

352 words - 2 pages Effects of Mass Media There have been great developments in the evolution of mass media during the last century. Media is no longer on how it used to be. In the beginning days it was all about verbs and nouns, and now it has spread to television all the way through magazines. Many people under estimate the power of mass media. Today is the main source of mass media evolution. Each new development, had a strong influence on today's

The Evolution of Modern Humans

1052 words - 5 pages The Evolution of Modern Humans Two origins are considered when thinking about the evolution of modern humans. There’s the “Multiregional Model” that concentrates on a multiple origins theory in which the different human populations or races had independent origins and evolved in isolation from each other, and there’s the recent single-orgin hypothesis or the “Out of Africa” which holds that anatomically modern humans evolved in Africa

The Evolution Of Business Ethics

1224 words - 5 pages The Evolution of Business Ethics Introduction In any business, decisions must be made to ensure that a business entity or firm is conformity with its vision as well as mission. Most of decisions made by businesses are tailored toward wealth maximization of the firm which ensures that there is continuity production and operation of the entity. It is clear that most if not all businesses want to make profits, however, it is undeniable too

Evolution of The Catholic Church

1381 words - 6 pages Evolution of The Catholic Church Over the last thirty years, the Roman Catholic Church has undergone changes. These changes range from the position of the Alter to the language of the Mass. This paper will illustrate a broad overview of changes in the Catholic Church after the 1960s Before the 1960s, Mass was said in Latin. The priests and the parish both knew the prayers, songs, and Scriptures in Latin. Around 1965, the

The Evolution of Musical Instruments

1101 words - 5 pages Evolution of Musical Instruments Music, the concept is something almost instinctually recognized. Rhythm, is it appropriated from our culture, or is it something innately recognized between living beings? From beating on walls to humming tunes, making music is something we are almost all capable of doing. But over time we have evolved our way of procuring these sounds, these vibrational patterns, and it has helped us evolve the actual concept

The Evolution of Us Healthcare

1655 words - 7 pages The Evolution of the U.S. Healthcare System Between the years the beginning of 19th century and today, healthcare in the United States evolved from a simple system of home remedies and itinerant doctors with little training to a complex, scientific, technological, and highly bureaucratic system. The system is built on medical science and technology and the authority of medical professionals. Its evolution includes the acceptance of the "germ

The Evolution Of Coca Cola

797 words - 4 pages On May 8, 2012, Coca-Cola Company celebrated its 126th anniversary. With a history that spans more than a century, it is no surprise that the brand has seen many changes since it first began. From selling nine drinks a day at Jacobs' Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia to selling about 19,400 beverages every second around the world, here is how the Coca-Cola Company has changed over the years and how the evolution has affected its business

Related Essays

The Evolution Of Selling Essay

2081 words - 9 pages The Evolution of selling The essay titled “Evolution of Selling “is based upon how selling has developed with the various key changes back into the industrial revolution era that has had an huge impact upon and led to the ways and approaches of selling today and looks into the ancient and modern methods, techniques and attitudes of selling which altogether has contributed to its modernization. The age of selling has brought about many

The Evolution Of Telecommunications Essay

700 words - 3 pages Telecommunications Industry: Evolution Timeline Marquita Sparks NTC362 – Week 1 – A. Carpenter August 27, 2015 When speaking about the evolution of telecommunications, this spans across approximately 200 years and has gone through leap years of innovations. The pre-historic age brought about using the smoke from fire to send signals to others from miles away. In the Ancient Greek book, The Iliad by Homer, smoke fires were mentioned in

The Evolution Of Medicine Essay

2856 words - 12 pages Term paper EN1320 Dr. Baughman Jay C. Montgomery August 13, 2015 The Evolution of Medicine By Jay C. Montgomery The evolution of medicine was a contributing factor to important advances in our own modern day medicines and technologies. While there are many civilizations to choose from, some of the best contributions came from the Egyptian, Chinese, Greek, Roman, Muslim, Indian, and Japanese cultures. In order to understand what these

The Evolution Of Apple Essay

1659 words - 7 pages Let’s take a trip back in time and review the evolution of a computer company. It’s not IBM or Microsoft. This company is Apple Computers, Incorporated. In the year 1976, before most people even thought about buying a computer for their homes. Back then the computer community added up to a few brainy hobbyist. So when Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs sold a van and two programmable calculators for thirteen hundred dollars and