The End Of The Virtual Liberalism Essay

597 words - 3 pages

The tightening of de-colonialization through Basic Laws and the colonial mentality of HK people submitted HK to neo-colonialism, but the emergence of Umbrella Movement has showed that HK people started to form local consciousness and struggle for their own subjectivity. In the British colonial period, the domination of alien colonial power in HK was established by indirect rule and non-interventionism through the collaboration of local Chinese elite. The administrative absorption of politics harmed the development of civil awareness. British HK government prevented the emergence of political leader in local movement, through attracting them into administration system. Those local Chinese elite turned to support British HK government and enforced colonial measures to the masses. After the handover, the existence of Basic Laws put restriction on the development of the subjectivity of post-colonial HK. The Basic Laws were mainly aimed for ...view middle of the document...

However, the Umbrella Movement indicated that the virtual-liberalism is no longer exist now. From the Umbrella Movement, the major participants were well-educated youngsters and they were appealing for universal suffrage. The movement was in the form of civil disobedience, the participants occupied several major city intersections in response to the NPCSC decision. People engaged in the movement were questioning the existing political constitution. They concerned the political development of HK and realized the political legacy from colonial power were the restriction of democracy and liberty. Their sense of attachment to HK and collective memory submitted them to the movement. In this sense, they were looking forwards rather than backwards and have local awareness. Besides, we can see HK people have subjectivity through the movement, the Umbrella Movement turned the participants into autonomous and independent individuals and made them more critical. The occupied activities provided political public sphere to citizens, people could raise their public opinion in the occupied area. Through participation in the movement, people had to think back to their lived experience and colonial history in order to answer “who we are” and “what we want”. The occupied area also enhanced participants’ sense of belonging and reduced their dependence on leadership and organization. The Umbrella Movement was a everyday resistance, people voluntarily stayed and started their daily life in the occupied area. The occupied area was self-managed by a civil society community, people followed the rules set by themselves and automatically found their own position in order to make a contribution. Furthermore, the movement redefined the “Lion Rock Spirit (獅子山下精神)”. The “old Lion Rock Spirit” emphasizes blindly the importance of self-reliance which was used to be our shared value, and thus it neutralized the inequalities of British colonialism. On the other hand, the “new Lion Rock Spirit” represents our demand of “genuine universal suffrage”, namely the democracy and liberty, and our “Never give up” spirit. Although the occupied activities was at the end, it is just the start for true democracy. For instance, people held another protest like “SHOPPING (鳩嗚)” .

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