This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Election Of Richard G Hatcher

3007 words - 13 pages

The 1963 historic March on Washington and the subsequent passing of some sweeping civil rights laws spurred African-Americans who had grown angry and frustrated over the slow rate of their social and economic progress. They were now finally prepared to realize their potential force in order to exercise a decisive measure of political control over their own lives. Consequently, several African-American mayors of major cities, especially in the industrial North, were elected opening the floodgates of other African-American elected officials throughout the nation, including city council-members, aldermen, school board members, governors and presidents. After winning the primary and the ...view middle of the document...

First, this paper will examine the background of the first African-American mayor of Gary, Indiana and the political landscape of Gary prior to the 1967 election. Richard Gordon Hatcher was born on July 10, 1933, in Michigan City, Indiana, the youngest of 13 children to Carlton and Catherine Hatcher. His father worked manufacturing railroad cars for the Pullman Company and his mother was a factory worker. Though born blind in one eye, he excelled in high school in track and on the football field. His talent as an athlete earned him an athletic scholarship to Indiana University where he received his bachelor’s degree in business and government in 1956. During his years at Indiana, Hatcher became involved with the NAACP picketing the segregated campus cafeteria.[1]
His activism continued at Valparaiso University School of Law, Indiana, where he helped organize a sit-in at a luncheonette in Michigan City. After earning his law degree in 1959 and passing the Indiana Bar exam, he moved to Gary. Hatcher began practicing law in nearby East Chicago and also became deputy county prosecutor. However, he maintained a keen interest in politics. In the furtherance of his yearning for politics, he helped found a civic, social club in 1962 named Muigwithania (“the Move-ment” in Kenya) with a focus on political activism. The following year he became a city council member and then the city council president. In that capacity, he introduced legislation in housing and civil rights to aid the city’s poor. [2]
Moreover, through his legislative successes, Hatcher gained a loyal constituency among African-American voters, while undermining entrenched White Democratic interests.
His entrance into local politics was a new, “threatening” phenomenon coming on the heels of the massive civil rights protests throughout the nation, civil unrests in urban cities and tremendous television coverage of the struggles African-American people were experiencing.[3]

Since Gary was incorporated as a city, African-American citizens were routinely treated as second class citizens when it came to employment, housing, and education. For example, African –Americans came to Gary for various reasons which included search for better paying jobs and to get away from the cotton fields of the South, as well as in hopes of less discriminatory working conditions. Sometimes they were hired to replace White workers who had gone to war or they were recruited to work as strike breakers   Most were never able to advance out of their mediocre, at best, jobs.  Furthermore, African Americans were restricted to living in the midtown area of Gary and were not allowed to live in neighborhoods such as Miller, Glen Park, or other predominately White districts. Finally, the Gary schools were segregated. For instance, thousands of White students went on strike at Emerson High School in 1927 when black students attempted to attend the school. Thus, Roosevelt High School was built specifically...

Other Papers Like The Election of Richard G Hatcher

The Impact Of Ig G Levels On Routine Clinical Biochemistry Parameters In Neonatal Calves

2127 words - 9 pages , in that it contains high levels of immunoglobulins, which transfer passive immunity to the calf, and thereby, enable it to fight with infections. The aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between serum Ig G levels and routine biochemical parameters in neonatal Holstein calves given colostrum. For this purpose, serum was extracted from blood samples collected from 79 calves within 24-48 hours of calving. The passive

The Loss Of The Throne By Richard III

928 words - 4 pages The Loss of the Throne by Richard III There are many views as to whether Richard III lost his throne, or if it was a mainly Tudor advance which secured it. Overall I think that Henry Tudor did not actively gain the throne decisively, in fact Richard III lost it from making key mistakes throughout his reign, and at Bosworth. Richard weakened his grasp on the throne by indulging in a vast plantations policy which

The Education of Richard Rodriguez and Malcolm X

1222 words - 5 pages reading about the educations of Richard Rodriguez and Malcolm X there were some things I found quite interesting because of the environments they were in while receiving an education. Although the educations of Richard Rodriguez and Malcolm X are similar in that it gave both men the desire to become more knowledgeable, Richard Rodriguez's search led him away from his culture while Malcolm X's brought him closer to his, and Rodriguez's education was

Part a Practise Question How Far Do Sources F and G Agree About the Importance of Mounting a Militant Campaign?

1019 words - 5 pages 13/10/14 Part A Practise Question How far do Sources F and G agree about the importance of mounting a militant campaign? In the late 19th century, the WSPU (suffragettes) adopted a militant campaign in place of their once harmless and peaceful campaign for enfranchising women. The objective of this essay is to explore the importance of mounting a militant campaign in order for women to gain the vote, by comparing source F and G in how much

The Lack Of Usage And Necessity Of The Aristotelian Unities In Richard III

2152 words - 9 pages , and Jarmila Mildorf. Basics of English Studies: Drama. N.p.: University of Tübingen, Mar. 2004. PDF. Pearce, Brian. "Shakespeare and the Unities." Shakespeare in Southern Africa. Vol. 12. N.p.: n.p., 1999. 42-46. Print. Schafer, B. L. "A Study of the Three Unities in Shakespeare's Representative Plays." The Sewanee Review. 1st ed. Vol. 25. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1917. 65-73. Print. Shakespeare, William, G. Blakemore Evans, and J. J. M. Tobin. "The Tragedy of Richard the Third." The Riverside Shakespeare. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997. 752-94. Print.

The Role of Richard Parker in Yann Martel’s Life of Pi

1465 words - 6 pages The Fascinating Ability of the Human Mind. In drastic situations, human psychology uses coping mechanisms to help them through it. In the novel, Life of Pi by Yann Martel, Pi’s coping mechanism is his religions and his projection of Richard Parker. Martel’s Life of Pi shows how the projection of Richard Parker played a greater role in keeping Pi alive in comparison to his beliefs in his religions. During the period in which Pi was stranded on

Black Boy by Richard Wright and A Brief Introduction To The History Of The Deep South

560 words - 3 pages Compare the two texts an extract from Black Boy by Richard Wright and A Brief Introduction To The History Of The Deep South for: 1) Tone 2) Use of Language (Style) 3) Register (Degree of Formality or Informality) Black Boy by Richard Wright is a personal recountive piece while A Brief Introduction To The History Of The Deep South a piece of expository writing. In Black Boy, the narrator recalls and describes 2 incidents that

The Significance Of The Title "Native Son" By Richard Wright And "Night" By Elie Wiesel

573 words - 3 pages Authors often choose the titles for their novels based on the main character or protagonist. These titles give deeper insight or change the meaning entirely as the novel progresses and the relationships between characters and their environment become clearer. Two excellent examples of significant titles are Native Son by Richard Wright and Elie Wiesel's Night.The very title of the novel, Native Son, instantly makes the reader think about ideas

The Character Of Richard III As Shakespeare Presents Him To Us

2245 words - 9 pages The Character of Richard III as Shakespeare Presents Him to Us Shakespeare presents Richard to us in a very negative way. Richard is portrayed as an evil person who is attracted to the power that the throne could bring him and would take whatever risk is necessary. Driven by his need for power he manipulates and murders his way to the throne. Richard shows himself as a manipulator right from the start of the play

Connotations, themes, attitudes, and other meanings of "Boy at the Window" by Richard Wilbur

612 words - 3 pages "Boy at the Window"Richard WilburTitle: Boy - young, playful, innocentAt the window - bored, daydreaming, attracted to somethingParaphrase:Stanza 1 - The boy weeps because a snowman stands alone outside and is about to suffer through a harsh night.Stanza 2 - The snowman does not want to go inside and melt, but he feels thankful for the boy's worry of him.ConnotationSnowman - cold and hardened person-literally and emotionallyAll alone - he is

Richard Dawkins: Using Computer Modeling To Explain The Theory Of Evolution By Natural Selection

1359 words - 6 pages Using Computer Modeling to Explain the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection Throughout The Blind Watchmaker Richard Dawkins attempts to use computer modeling to explain and defend various aspects of the theory of evolution by natural selection. Where Dawkins’ computer modeling comes into use in a significant way is discussed in Chapter 3 of his book titled, “Accumulating Small Change”. In it, Dawkins takes the reader through

Related Essays

The Us Election Of 1948 Essay

1937 words - 8 pages To examine the election of 1948, I believe one must start briefly with the democratic convention of the previous election. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was running for his fourth consecutive term, but there was some changing done to the ticket by the Democratic Party. Then Vice President Henry Wallace was passed over for the nomination, and the position was given to a Senator from Missouri who had served Roosevelt's 'New Deal' policies well

The Analysis Of P&G International Marketing Strategy In Sweden

3173 words - 13 pages James Gamble, at the year of 1837. The small business was initially a soap and candle shop, but now an American Multinational Company (MNC) for Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG). P&G who has never neglected the importance of human capital and being passionately develop talents that show great curiosity, appreciation towards diversity, and flexibility in tackling tricky problems. With that, P&G has been rated as the Top 7 in the World’s Top

The Election Of President Obama And Post Racialism

865 words - 4 pages African American History Final Exam Essay By: Omar Sneed Given the history of race relations in 20th century America, few voters who were born before the 1970s regardless of their ethnic background or race every expected the election of an African American as President of the United States to occur in their lifetime. Nevertheless, it became a reality and in great part the following events, conditions and situations that took place between

Evaluate The Contribution Of Richard Hoggart

1464 words - 6 pages Evaluate the contribution of Richard Hoggart to the analysis of popular culture through an analysis of The Uses of Literacy in Society. Richard Hoggart has been one of the leading cultural commentators of the last sixty years. He was the first literary critic to take the working class seriously and to extend the parameters of literary criticism to include popular culture. Hoggart put the working class on the cultural map. He differentiated