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The Efficacy Of Acupuncture In Treating High Blood Pressure

1862 words - 8 pages

The Efficacy of Acupuncture in Treating High Blood Pressure
Author: Arjun Vinayak Srivastava
Position: Clinical Researcher of the Prevention And Wellness Team (PAWT)
Instructor: Dr. Schnyer (TC 302)
26 November 2013

Content Letter

Arjun Srivastava
UT EID: Avs 527
Dr. Schnyer
TC 302
11/26/13

Dr. Schnyer,

The comments made by Praveen and you were most helpful. The reviews urged me to further develop my claims. I took the initiative to revisit the studies and expand on the findings. In doing so I was able to construct a more cohesive paper that fit together well. This also led me to include an additional article further accentuating my argument. The reviews also helped ...view middle of the document...

In order to effectively control blood pressure, new strategies are critical. As the clinical research group of the Prevention And Wellness Team (PAWT), we are interested in evaluating the efficacy of treatments in lowering blood pressure for patients with hypertension and prehypertension. This paper analyzes the use of acupuncture in producing an augmented treatment. The evaluation leans on four primary studies which collectively examine the efficacy of acupuncture alone and acupuncture combined with antihypertensive drugs in treating hypertension and prehypertension. The paper also addresses critics in disproving their claims of acupuncture as an impractical, inconsequential treatment for hypertension. Based on the evidence we strongly encourage that acupuncture be included in the Affordable Care Act as an effective complementary treatment for hypertension and prehypertension.

The Efficacy of Acupuncture in Treating High Blood Pressure
With close to 800,000 deaths a year, a third of US mortalities, and an annual price tag of roughly $444 billion, a sixth of total healthcare expenditures, cardiovascular disease (CVD) stands out as the largest, most problematic health issue our society faces (“Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention” 2010). Hypertension is among the leading risk factors of CVD and is spreading rampantly across the United States. At the beginning of 2013 the American Heart Association published a study reporting that 67 million American adults suffer from hypertension; this is equivalent to one third of America’s total adult population ("About High Blood Pressure" 2013). However current clinical antihypertensive drugs are limited in effectiveness and possess notable side effects as well as a relatively large expense ("Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention" 2009). Thus a novel approach is essential. The National Institute of Health (NIH) in 1997, and the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2003, backed by scientific evidence, recognized the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating high blood pressure ("Acupuncture" 2013). To further evaluate these claims, the PAWT has conducted an analysis on the efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for both hypertension and prehypertension. Results validate the implementation of acupuncture as a complementary treatment for hypertension and prehypertension in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) is blood pressure when the heart is contracting, whereas diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is blood pressure when the heart is relaxed. SBP is known to be a more frequent risk factor for CVD ("About High Blood Pressure" 2013). Hypertension is defined as having a SBP above 140 mm Hg and a DBP above 90 mm Hg. Controlling hypertension is essential in reducing the risk of CVD. The first study lead by Dr. Frank Flachskampf was published in Germany in 2007, and appeared in the accredited journal Circulation under the American Heart Association. The study compared active acupuncture...

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