The Effects Of Intergrating Writing Into The Writing Process

2874 words - 12 pages

Abstract:
This study was conducted over an 8- week period with 20 first graders in an urban school setting. Students simply wrote on self-selected topics without drawing. During the first week students were limited to writing in a 30 minute time frame. Two weeks later students were timed for 30 minutes again and they were asked to draw and then write. Results showed that when students draw and then write their stories, their writing performance increased. Changes to their writing center occurred during this 8-week period. Hence, their feelings toward writing also increased at the end of this study as measured with a survey and informal observations.

Introduction:
It seems that ...view middle of the document...

” Drawing was not stressed and at times not even required. However, Graves (1983) describes drawing as an important component in children’s writing development. Lucy Calkins (1989) also remarks:
“The act of drawing and illustration itself provide a supporting scheme inside
which writing can be built.” (p.66)
In addition, the only art media available on their desks were the basic eight crayons. This didn’t allow for much creativity or expression in their drawing. I found their drawing to be simple and very small.
Although my school doesn’t have a prescribed way of teaching writing, I’ve taught writing using the knowledge I had from books or few workshops that I attended. Many workshops stressed the use of graphic organizers as a prewriting strategy. I’ve modeled using various graphic organizers but even with the use of these organizers I’ve had many students express their frustration. I noticed some children struggle to get ideas to begin writing. Often I heard students say, “I don’t know what to write.” or “I hate writing”. This is not to say that children “hate” writing. On the contrary, Graves (1983) affirms the importance of children’s desire to write when he insisted,
“Children want to write. They want to write the first day they attend school. This
is no accident. Before they went to school they marked up wall, pavement,
newspaper with crayons, chalk, pens, or pencils…anything that makes a mark.”
(p. 21)
Therefore, these levels of expressed frustration urged me to change my classroom into a more developmentally appropriate classroom. I combined both art and writing by creating a Writing/Illustration Center since I didn’t have an art center. This center would make writing and art materials more available to them. I incorporated various art media. I also allowed my students the freedom to draw or create prior to writing.
Therefore, this study attempted to answer the following questions: When writing is combined with art, would writing be improved? Will drawing before writing make writing an easier process? If so, would enthusiasm for writing be improved as well? I found this study important and valuable to teachers who are interested in searching for ways to inspire and encourage their students, especially those students who write reluctantly.
Literature Review
I’ve found very few researchers whom have done in depth study on the combination of drawing and writing. One of the main researchers in this area is Janet Olson (1992) a professor in art education. Her extensive research and work with the young has suggested many benefits to the integration of drawing and writing. I find her research to be valuable in my own study because she explains how teachers can give students with various learning styles an opportunity to express themselves. She calls her version of this solution “the visual–narrative approach,”(1992, p.51) and feels that children can be trained to move back and forth between...

Other Papers Like The Effects of Intergrating Writing Into the Writing Process

Writing Process Essay

520 words - 3 pages another man’s poison. 4. Name and explain two types of prewriting. Free write – to free write you fill a piece of paper with any idea that comes to mind about your topic. Brain storming – make a list of every idea that comes to mind. 5. Choose one of the topics listed below and write a five-sentence paragraph using chronological order To arrange the details of the paragraph A. Signing on to my homepage is simple. b. Writing a paper

Critical Evaluation of the Content and Process of the Writing of a Text for Children

1748 words - 7 pages Critical Evaluation of the Content and Process of the Writing of a Text for Children Introduction Reading is an important skill that needs to be developed in children, not only because is it necessary for survival in the world of schools, but in adult life as well. (Schulze 2010) The ability to learn about new subjects and find helpful information on anything from health problems to more academic research into science or

Writing Process 2

532 words - 3 pages chop and clean your chicken. When you get home you put the raw chicken in a large bowl. Then you add water just enough to coat the chicken then add 2 tablespoon of salt and 4 table spoons of vinegar and you squeeze one whole lemon/ lime or use lime/ lemon juice from the bottle . Let is stay for a minimum of. 30 mins, then drain then fill with water mix it around and drain again. The next step is to season your chicken. This is where the fun

The Power Of Writing

1038 words - 5 pages describes the process of writing on the computer compared to on paper as, “because we have by today so deeply interiorized writing, made it so much a part of ourselves, as Plato’s age had not yet made it fully a part of itself, we find it difficult to consider writing to be a technology as we commonly assume printing and the computer to be.” (321) This assignment demonstrated not only how hard it is to physically write, but also to find the

Writing the Essay

1683 words - 7 pages Fast Food. That's what I think of when I try to draw an analogy with the process of reading application essays. The bad. Ninety percent of the applications I read contain what I call McEssays - usually five-paragraph essays that consist primarily of abstractions and unsupported generalization. They are technically correct in that they are organized and have the correct sentence structure and spelling, but they are boring. Sort of like a Big

Written Assignment 1: the Psychology of Writing

532 words - 3 pages . Occasionally, I had to submit letters within the bulletin for the parishioners of a detailed message I wanted to portray. The bulletin provided communion between the church and the parishioners. It was also an important way to present the church to new visitors. That is why making the bulletin required several steps that were necessary to help me along the composing process. My writing process started by gathering all letters, memos, announcements, and

Content Writing - the Art of Compelling Storytelling

580 words - 3 pages into something that not only keeps the readers interested but also drives them to share the same with peers. Content Writing for the Social Media The advent of social media and online news feeds has elevated content to a whole new level where it has finally received the recognition it deserves. People are no longer interested in content that is strictly promotional. They want a story, an emotion attached to the product or service being offered

The Meal - Original Writing

3626 words - 15 pages rather peculiar. She tried again. “Hullo Sam,” she said brightly, aloud. The voice sounded peculiar too. “I want some potatoes please, Sam. Yes, and I think a can of peas.” That was better. Both the smile and the voice were coming out better now. She rehearsed it several times more. Then she ran downstairs, took her coat, went out the back door, down the garden, into the street. It wasn’t six o’clock

Adaptation, the Act of Writing a Script

681 words - 3 pages “Adaptation” The 2002 film “Adaptation” is a film with an interestingly scripted plot, that is, interestingly enough, about the act of writing a script. At first it looks like an ordinary movie, but early on the viewer realizes that they are watching a movie about the making of the very same movie. The film challenges the intellectual barrier between reality and storytelling in film. It is a large and complex self-reference that

Creative Writing: Across the Sea

711 words - 3 pages We walked down into the bustling docks, stinking of long dead fish and seaweed. We walked past the decreped old fishing boats and their owners, all with rotting wooden lobster pots and old rope nets. The huge ship was moared in the harbour, its ancient gangplank rested lightly on the hole filled pier. Mr Cheese, our navigator, stood at the top polishing his peg leg, while Meet-Hook stood behind working on yet another

The Meaning and Use of Writing Elements in Titling Poems

1183 words - 5 pages Cool”. The writing elements of imagery and similes require the reader to look deeper into the meaning of the words chosen to describe or compare different objects. The poem “The Fish” by Elizabeth Bishop uses similes to relate the struggles of beauty and life to a fish using imagery so the reader can picture the fish just as she imagines the fish. The title “The Fish” is pretty straightforward and introduces the subject of the poem but also helps

Related Essays

The Process Of Writing Essay

997 words - 4 pages their emotions into the piece, whether it be poetry, a short story, a novel, or a 1200 page informative piece. The only barrier between the author and the audience is a thin encryption of the words which veil the author's true feelings - which are easily decoded and analyzed. Such an arduous task requires a complicated process in my case, which consists of several steps. My first step is procrastination. I put off the writing for as long as is

The Writing Process Essay

847 words - 4 pages The Writing Process Writing is a process; a writer is someone who uses this process to put his thoughts down on paper in an organized manner. As in all processes, this process has a beginning, middle, and end. The start of this process is the writer’s initial receptivity and finding a place where he is not going to be interrupted. Having pen and paper at the ready, letting one’s thoughts flow onto the paper

The Writing Process Essay

2360 words - 10 pages LECTURE 2 – POWELL THE WRITING PROCESS KINDS OF WRITING/DISCOURSE TYPES: THE BASIC PURPOSES OF WRITING ARE TO INFORM, TO PERSUADE, AND TO ENTERTAIN. Prose is ordinary written/spoken language without poetic structure. Prose that informs is called exposition/expository writing. Expository writing explains how things work, ideas, how to solve a problem, facts about everyday life, history, controversial issues. Expository writing is

The Writing Process Essay

495 words - 2 pages The Writing Process COM/150 Shelly Karl The writing process I have read about in class this week most certainly differs from the way I have written in the past. After reading “The Writing Process”, I have realized how many errors I have made and why it has been hard for me to write my thoughts and ideas down clear and concisely. In the past, I have read assignments and written down my thoughts but without a plan of action or a smooth