The Death Penalty
Can one justify an action of a cold killer? Furthermore, should death penalty be abolish? Lastly, is it possibly to end the debate about death penalty and the abolition of it? William Otis comes with his arguments in “The Death Penalty Saves Lives”, 2006, for why death penalty should not be abolish and his opinion of the abolitionists own arguments for it.
The death penalty or capital punishment is a legit system where a person, who has committed a serious crime, it put to death by the state as punishment. The death penalty consist of two parts, the death sentence, which is the judicial decree that the person gets, and the other part is the actual execution.
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Furthermore, in 2012, Connecticut, after many debates, became the fifth state in five years to abolish the death penalty. The other four states, which have abolished the death penalty, are New York, New Mexico, Illinois and New Jersey.
William Otis defends the death penalty in the article “The Death Penalty Saves Lives”, 2006, which he also wrote himself. William Otis, the sender of the article, is an American law professor and a former federal prosecutor, who according to Wikipedia served as a Counsel to President George Bush. In 2003, he was appointed Counselor to the head of the Drug Enforcement Administration until 2007. The background and the current job he had at the moment, when the article was published gave him an incredible amount of ethos, knowing that he worked in the Department of Justice, which means that he might know what he is talking about and, therefore, the receivers might trust him more as a sender.
There is not much to say about the receivers of this text, because the text is possibly supposed to catch as many people, who are old enough to vote and who generally is a bit interested in the matter. Furthermore, they might be the people who cannot decide whether to abolish or keep death penalty.
William Otis appeals to the receivers by using a lot of pathos in the beginning of the text, where he tells the story of the eight-year-old, handicapped kid and his mother who was killed by a hit man, hired by the father. In the text, he says “you might think I’m making up that someone would hire a hit man to kill an eight-year-old, but it’s true” l. 34-35. Stating that this horrible incident is real and that people like this, who are so cold that they would kill a child, exist, which even more appeals to the receivers feelings for the poor boy and his mother, and in addition, the rage towards the hit man and the father.
To, furthermore, show the coldness of the killers, he states a fact that the reason why a hit man shoots his victims through the eyes is so, if they survive, they will not be able to identify the killer in court. He later says: “it wasn’t sadism, it wasn’t a mental defect, it was just business”. L. 54-56.
These facts and the portrait of the cold killer is later used as an argument against the abolitionists, where Otis means that if they want an abolishment of the death penalty they must explain why every execution is wrong, even the ones of a cold and heartless killer. In the text, he criticizes the abolitionists by saying that...