The Darfur Conflict Essay

1010 words - 5 pages

Sudan like many countries in the world has been through a long and bloody civil war. Sudan one of Africa’s largest countries and once used to be one of its greatest is know recognized only as a war-stricken country with no hope. When the Darfur conflict began, it was the world’s top priority. The U.N was sending help, supplies, and medicine but now the problem has faded away from people’s minds and not many think it is still on going but it is and the southern civilians and the millions who are displaced and being killed need help. Since January 1, 1956 Sudan has had no stability. Many governments have tried to stabilize the country but warlords and army generals trying to gain power have ...view middle of the document...

After Sudan had gained its independence January 1, 1956; the clans moved quickly trying to set up a government. Each one of them had their own ideas, nothing was agreed on, and each clan tried to set up a government that would favor them. The first official war in Sudan’s history had begun. A peace agreement in 1972 ended the civil war but quickly, after promises were broken, tensions were rising again between militia in Khartoum and rebels in the south. Sudan had been experiencing conflicts between Arab Muslims in the north and the black Africans in the south who had practiced mainly Christian and animist beliefs since the 1800’s (mamdani 2). The religious conflict went to an extreme when in 1983; newly elected communist President Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiri imposed the Islamic Shari ‘a law on the whole country, anyone who was accused of a crime was jailed, amputated, or executed.

After many attempts at trying to build a stable country and failing every time, the country broke down. Nimeiri was overthrown by coup in 1985. Noticing the counties weakness was Sudanese military general Umar al-Bashir who staged a coup that got him into power and officially named his himself president in 1989 (DOS 5).

After 14 years al-Bashir was still in power, still controlling the country like a dictator, and even after 14 years the country was still not united. In 2003, thing really became bad al-Bashir gave arms to small group of Sudanese Arabs now known as “janjaweed”. The group had been formed to suppress black Africans rebels in the south, but the plan got out of hand and many southern civilians were found killed in mass numbers (Mamdani 4).
The situation got worse when the world had found out that the people murdered were mainly from the same type of ethnic groups. According U.N reports “On September...

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