The Dangers of North Korea
The United States of America (U.S.)is a country that, by this point in history, has established itself as a strong country, almost invincible, some would say. And yet, there exists a small country, one that “can barely keep the lights on” (Martin 1), which seems so dangerous to this strong nation, that it is considered to be one of the most hazardous countries in the world, enough to be considered a part of an “axis of evil.” For about half a decade now, North Korea has remained one of the most isolated countries in the world, in every way imaginable. Economically, politically, and socially, North Korea wishes to have as ...view middle of the document...
S. did, the program would continue. Since the 1980’s, especially from 2002 until the present, North Korea has proved time and time again that they are a dangerous threat to the world that must be stopped.
Over the last 25 years, the US has taken many precautions in order to try to prevent North Korea from developing a nuclear program. In 1985, North Korea signed the NPT, a treaty that became open for signature in 1968 (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty1). Later, in an agreement signed by both North and South Korea in 1991, both countries “pledged not to possess nuclear weapons, not to possess plutonium reprocessing or uranium enrichment facilities, and to negotiate a mutual nuclear inspection system” (Niksch15). The following year, North Korea signed and agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), forcing them to report any nuclear programs to the IAEA, and allowing the IAEA to conduct inspections. Eventually, after many negotiations, North Korea and the U.S. signed the Agreed Framework in 1994, giving North Korea benefits having to do with energy and economy, and in return North Korea would “freeze” all of its nuclear programs (Niksch16). For now, it seemed as if the U.S. had nipped this conflict in the bud. Unfortunately, the world would find out eight years later that this had never been the case.
The real conflict began in late 2002, when North Korea announced to the world that they had nuclear weapons in their hands, and had withdrawn from or broken every treaty that they ever signed having to do with nuclear programs.
“North Korea’s decisions at the end of 2002 to restart nuclear installations … that were shut down under the U.S.-North Korean Agreed Framework of 1994 and to withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), and its multiple missile tests of July 4, 2006, create a foreign policy problem for the United States. Restarting the Yongbyon facilities opens up a possible North Korean intent to stage a “nuclear breakout” of its nuclear program and openly produce nuclear weapons. North Korea has also threatened to test a nuclear weapon” (Niksch 2).
Many of North Korea’s actions within the last decade have proven that they can never be trusted or underestimated. Thus, the Bush administration took many actions to counter these possible dangers. After North Korea broke the Agreed Framework, the U.S. terminated it, and had a strategy, which included not doing anything until North Korea started to stop its programs, putting economic pressures on North Korea, and “imposing financial sanctions on foreign banks that facilitate North Korea’s illegal counterfeiting activities” (Niksch 2). Nevertheless, even with this new strategy, the U.S. government was still very paranoid and afraid of what might come of these new nuclear programs.
In 2003, the government feared that at any point, North Korea could strike with their weapons, for they had no response to U.S. actions. At this point, it was known that North...