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The Curse Essay

1790 words - 8 pages

Praktis Formatif: Kertas 3
Cadangan Peraturan Pemarkahan
1. Pengenalan/latar belakang pembinaan negara dan bangsa.
Konsep kerajaan dan negeri dalam masyarakat Melayu tradisional.
…Sistem politik masyarakat Melayu tradisional adalah berbeza daripada sistem politik negara moden.
…Dalam masyarakat Melayu tradisional muncul kerajaan yang membawa kepada kewujudan raja.
…Kedudukan raja adalah begitu tinggi dan istimewa dalam sesebuah kerajaan.
…Raja bertanggungjawab memberikan perlindungan politik dan jaminan keselamatan kepada rakyat yang mendiami kawasan kekuasaannya.
…Rakyat yang mendiami wilayah yang diperintah raja pula akan menerima dan mengakui kekuasaan raja.
…Kesetiaan rakyat terhadap ...view middle of the document...

…Persetujuan negeri Sarawak dan Sabah untuk bergabung dengan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu mewujudkan negara Malaysia yang berdaulat.

Konsep bangsa
…Konsep bangsa merujuk kepada sekumpulan manusia dalam ikatan ketatanegaraan atau dengan kata lain warganegara sesebuah negara.
…Konsep bangsa Malaysia merupakan konsep baru bagi rakyat berbilang kaum di negara ini.
…Konsep bangsa Malaysia dikemukakan oleh Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad dalam ucapannya di Majlis Perniagaan Malaysia pada 28 Februari 1991.
…Negara dan bangsa Malaysia terbentuk apabila Persekutuan Tanah Melayu diisytiharkan merdeka pada 31 Ogos 1957 dan pembentukan Malaysia pada 16 September 1963.
…Bangsa Malaysia terdiri daripada masyarakat berbilang kaum yang mempunyai bahasa,budaya,kepercayaan,dan pendapat terhadap keduniaan yang berbeza.
…bangsa Malaysia dibentuk melalui penggunaan satu bahasa kebangsaan.
…Pengamalan kebudayaan kebangsaan.
…Pengamalan rukun negara dalam setiap aspek kehidupan.
…Pembentukan bangsa Malaysia merupakan hasil perjuangan kemerdekaan,pengisian kemerdekaan,dan pengekalan kemerdekaan.
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2. Pembinaan negara dan bangsa Eropah
(a) Pembinaan negara bangsa di Itali
…Itali pada mulanya terbahagi kepada beberapa buah wilyah.
…Di bahagian Utaranya,beberapa wilayahnya seperti Venetia dan Lombardy masih dikuasai oleh Austria.
…Orang Itali ingin menyatukan wilayah-wilayah mereka di bawah sebuah pemerintahan.
…dengan menghalau keluar orang Austria dari bumi Itali.
…Count Camillo Benso di Cavour berusaha menyatukan Itali sebagai sebuah negara.
…dengan menggunakan amalan realpolitik.
…Count Camillo Benso di Cavour sangat menyanjung penyatuan Itali berlandaskan pemerintahan monarki.
…Beliau telah bekerjasama dengan Napoleon III (pemerintah Perancis) bagi menentang Austria pada tahun 1860.
…Hasil bantuan Napoleon III,Itali berjaya mengalahkan Austria.
…Melalui satu pungutan suara yang diadakan Count Camillo Benso di Cavour memperoleh sokongan majority rakyat untuk menyatukan itali.
…Pada tahun 1866,wilayah Venetia telah dipulangkan kepada Itali.
…sebagai membalas jasa Itali,dalam membantu Prussia menewaskan Austria.
…Pada tahun 1870,Perancis mengundurkan tenteranya dari Rom.
…dan Count Camillo Benso di Cavour mengambil peluang tersebut untuk menyatukan Rom dengan Itali.
…Penyatuan ini berjaya membentuk sebuah negara bangsa Itali.
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(b) Pembinaan negara bangsa di Jerman
…Di Jerman,Otto Eduard von Bismarck turut mengamalkan realpolitik dan politik darah dan besi untuk menyatukan negara Jerman pada tahun 1871.
…Bismarck menggunakan pelbagai teknik.
…seperti tipu helah,pemalsuan dokumen,provokasi,penipuan dan ugutan untuk mencetuskan peperangan.
…Rakyat Jerman bersedia menerima sistem kediktatoran yang dianjurkan oleh Bismarck untuk menyatukan Jerman.
…Bismarck menggunakan isu membenci kuasa asing untuk memenangi dan semangat rakyat Prussia di medan tempur.
…Bismarck telah melancarkan tiga siri peperangan untuk menentang...

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