The Controversy and The Practice of Islam
Cultural Diversity in Professions
Professor Carolyn Sawtell
February 23, 2014
Islam is practiced around the globe, not only in the Middle East or by Arabs “One in every five people worldwide is a Muslim, some 1.3 billion believers. Islam is the world's fastest growing religion and it has spread across the globe.”(Handwerk, 2003). So, the fact that a very large number of followers of Islam around the world are from different races, ethnicities, and cultural background makes this topic important to the study of cultural diversity. This research aims at understanding the importance of Islam in many cultures in which the ...view middle of the document...
The second pillar of Islam is Salat (prayer) which is the act of worshiping Allah five times a day according to the teaching of the holy book Quran and the prophet Muhammad. The third pillar of Islam is zakat which is the amount in kind or coin that a Muslim of means must distribute among the deserving (i.e. the poor Muslims and Muslims in debt) every year, it is 2.5 percent of total wealth. It is obligatory on all Muslims except the poor and needy Muslims. The fourth pillar of Islam is Sawm (fast) which the act of abstaining from eating, drinking, smoking, allowing anything whatsoever to enter into what is understood to be the interior of the body, as also voluntary vomiting, self-pollution, sexual intercourse, etc. from the break of dawn till sunset for 29 to 30 days in a specific time of the year called the month of Ramadan, which is, according to Quran, a blessed month of the year. The real significance of fasting in Islam consists of the habit of self-control that it fosters and develops and thus enables one to save oneself from being an easy victim to temptation, and consequently minimizing the chances of committing sins. the observation of fast is obligatory to all Muslims reached the age of puberty and up except children, the insane, men and women too old and feeble to bear hardship of fast and people whose health condition doesn’t allow them to fast. The last but not the least pillar of Islam is pilgrimage to Mecca, a religious duty that must be carried out by every financially and physically able Muslim at least once in his or her life. It is a great spiritual gathering of Muslims around the globe, men and women in Mecca worship God together without segregation, and it is done in a specific time of the year. Its purpose is to visit the holy land, strengthen the relationship with God, and if a Muslim do all the rituals step by step of the pilgrimage faithfully, all his or sins are cleared and purified.
Muslims believe that there is only one God, Almighty, and the main reason for their existence is to worship God and they can win the love of God by complete submission to His will and obedience to His commands. They believe also that human being and the universe are created by God. What Muslims believe (2008). Muslims believe that God is the source, origin, cause, creator and maintainer of not only our world and our universe, but also everything that is- most of which lies beyond our knowledge. Muslims believe that God knows all the actions they do on earth, both good and bad, and God knows their secret thoughts and everything going on in the universe. What Muslims believe. (2008). He is Omniscient, which means He has all knowledge, and is fully aware of everything that happens in the universe, including our private thoughts, motives and intentions. Nothing can be hidden from Him. ‘There is not so much as the weight of an atom on the earth or in Heaven that is hidden from your Lord, and not the most microscopic nor the most vast of these...