The Cold War Was A Period Of Uneasy Peace Between Two Vastly Differing Social Systems And Ideologies

925 words - 4 pages

The Cold War was a period starting in around 1946, consisting of political and military tension and economic competition. The Cold War was ‘fought’ between the Communist Soviet Union, and the Capitalist West, mainly the United States. As opposed to a hot war, wherein two nations or faction conflict in an armed battle, in a Cold War, the major military forces never engage in physical warfare with each other. Instead, the conflict is expressed via military occupations of various nations, propaganda, strategic conventional force deployments, for example the Berlin Airlift, and providing aid to vulnerable nations, like the Marshal and Molotov Plans. The two superpowers also competed against each ...view middle of the document...

The huge difference between these social structures it is easy to understand how a conflict could arise between the two, and that they could find the other threatening to their own way of life.

Though all of the events of the Cold War are of significance, there were a few events which caused the most tension between the two nations, including the Berlin Blockade, Cuban Missile Crisis, and Vietnam and Korean Wars. Throughout these events, and in fact throughout the entirety of the Cold War, both Russia and the US tried to avoid a military attack on and from the other, as both possessed nuclear weapons which would assure the destruction of the other.

Of all of the events of the Cold War, perhaps the one that most shows the concept of “uneasy peace” is the events surrounding Germany. Divided down the middle, and then again through the nation’s capital, Berlin, Germany was the main border between the two forces. Each attempted to drive the other out, while fortifying their own position. An example of this was the Berlin Blockade, wherein the Soviets cut off all trade and supply routes into the Western occupied half of Berlin. This move was countered by the Western Allies, however, in what is referred to as the Berlin Airlift. The allies used any available aircraft to fly supplies into the city, so the blocked supply routes could be bypassed. This time was very tense, but overall peaceful, as no violence occurred.

The Cold War, was basically the Soviet Union spreading its communist ideals to various nations, as the Capitalist Americans attempted to undo it. As such, the Americans put into play the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine in an attempt to sway nations into following them, in return for financial support and support in becoming a...

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