This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Cold War & U.S. Diplomacy The Kennedy Doctrine

1129 words - 5 pages

The 35th President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, came into office at the height of the Cold War. The president decided to keep the foreign policy of his predecessor, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and expand upon that foreign policy doctrine. Roskin & Berry (2010) explains that President Kennedy wanted to be able to provide the United States with the flexibility to respond to communist expansion. The President believed that the expansion of communism was a direct threat to the United States and Europe. While Truman and Eisenhower created policies that were mainly based on containing communism in Europe and the Middle East, President Kennedy’s doctrine focused on Latin America, ...view middle of the document...

The placement of the missiles in Cuba would give the Soviet Union a strategic advantage and provide Castro the needed security he sought against the United States. President Castro has sought this type of security against the United States every since the failed Bay of Pigs invasion.
In 1962, after learning that Castro had indeed approved the deployment of the Soviet missiles on the Cuban Island, President Kennedy imposed a naval quarantine around Cuba. The purpose of the military action was to prevent the arrival of Soviet missiles to Cuba and force the Soviet Union to halt the construction of any missile sites that may had already begun. President Kennedy took a firm stance with the Soviet Union by stating to the world that any missiles fired from Cuba would be regarded as a direct attack against the United States. With tensions mounting Khrushchev eventually gave in and promised to remove the missile installations and missiles from Cuba with a guarantee that the United States would not invade Cuba. Gelb (2012) tells us that President Kennedy was able to defuse the Cuban Missile Crisis without giving an inch to the Soviet Union. The president successfully applied his foreign policy to defuse the crisis by using deliberations and response flexibility.
The success of these diplomatic efforts set the standards for the United States foreign policy and has influenced the way the United States interacts with other countries, corporations and individuals. Even today, the United States continues to be flexible with its influence internationally. Although these same policies may be hurting the U.S. economy in regards to economic output when stacked up against countries like China and India. Now that the Cold War has ended and the Soviet Union has collapsed, the United States and Russian relations have come a long way, but Russia may still harbor some long lasting hatred toward the United States.
In conclusion, historians consider the handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis as the finest hour for Kennedy’s foreign policy. The United States response to the crisis showed the world how a combination of toughness, flexibility and restraint can be successful in defusing highly sensitive and dangerous situations. Foreign policy makers gained many important lessons on how foreign policy should be scripted. One of the biggest advantages of President Kennedy’s foreign doctrine was it gave the United States the ability to stop the spread of communism using a variety of means. ...

Other Papers Like The Cold War & U.S. Diplomacy - the Kennedy Doctrine

The Cold War Essay

638 words - 3 pages The Cold War During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union were allies, fighting against Germany and Japan. During World War II, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill needed Stalin and the Soviet forces to help defeat Germany. When the “Big Three” met at the Yalta conference in Crimea, Soviet Union, in February 1945, Roosevelt was convinced that he still needed the support of Stalin to

The Cold War Essay

3106 words - 13 pages What is the content of this essay?This essay deals mainly in outlining the cold war and its consequences posative/negative.IntroductionWhen World War II in Europe finally came to an end on May 7, 1945, anew war was just beginning. The Cold War: denoting the open yet restrictedrivalry that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union andtheir respective allies, a war fought on political, economic, andpropaganda fronts, with limited

The Cold War

1799 words - 8 pages built nuclear missiles bases in Cuba. The missiles were in range from the east coast to the west coast. This crisis was very close to a nuclear war but with long negotiations, President John F. Kennedy had finally persuaded Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had agreed to remove the missiles with an agreement that the U.S. would also remove missiles from Italy and Turkey. This act had saved countless lives of many Americans and Soviets. Same as the

The Early Cold War

2641 words - 11 pages the reorganisation of bodies which dealt with National Security in the United States. The inter-war era as we know was defined by the United States taking a back seat in international affairs. The Second World War brought the US back into the international system, firstly through the ideas of FDR who did not want the States to continue their isolationism of inter-war, creation of the UN. The Cold War, with the Truman doctrine and the Marshall

The Cold War - 529 words

529 words - 3 pages cold war noun noun: the Cold War 1. a state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular. 2. the state of hostility that existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the Western powers from 1945 to 1990.cold war noun noun: the Cold War 1. a state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures

The Cold War - 1851 words

1851 words - 8 pages The Cold War Hawks and Doves The terms ‘hawks and doves' were quick labels attached to politicians in order to categorize their views on war and foreign policies, as to make them understandable and accessible for the public. However, these labels were not always accurate and in some cases could be quite misleading; it would have been more accurate not to label individuals as either Hawks or Doves, but instead, what they stood for. Hawks

The Cold War - 1009 words

1009 words - 5 pages 3.5 Cold War Your Name History 365 - Recent America: 1945 to the Present Your Professor The Date COLD WAR Beginning in 1947 and lasting until 1991, the Cold War can be defined as the sustained state of military, as well as political, tensions that existed between western hemisphere countries and their NATO allies and the Eastern hemisphere that was dominated by countries in the Warsaw Pact dominated redundant by the

End of the Cold War

1059 words - 5 pages United States emerged from the Cold War as the world’s sole Superpower. Reagan’s vision of a New World Order was in place and although not completely peaceful, international tensions seemed as low as could be remembered. Remaining Communist nations such as North Korea and Cuba were suddenly isolated. Without support from the Soviet Union these nations were no longer seen by the U.S. as capable of starting a conflict that could lead to a third

Germany: The Root of the Cold War?

536 words - 3 pages GERMANY: THE ROOT OF THE COLD WARby Stephen DaviesAfter Hitler's defeat in World War II, Germany was in turmoil, and the four major Allies -- France, Britain, the USA and Russia -- split the country, first to obtain reparations and then attempt to rehabilitate Germany so that it could eventually re-unite and become independent. But tension grew and developed between Russia and the West, especially the USA, eventually resulting in a war of

Who Was Responsible for the Cold War

557 words - 3 pages Arielle Armstrong Professor Kennedy History 1302 Who or What is Responsible for the Cold War When it comes to the issue of the Cold War there are many different theories on how it got started. For example, many people blame the communist Soviet Russia, the evil leader Stalin, President Truman, mistrust, misunderstanding, and misconceptions. Some say all these theories are true and some say all these theories are false. However, I

Lessons Learned From The Cold War

2577 words - 11 pages lesson was of imposing restraint was not used during the Cold War. It was not evident during the Gulf of Tonkin incident, when the outcome of such a decision altered the course of American History. It was not evident with President Nixon during the invasion of Cambodia. It was certainly not present during the My Lai Massacre. The lesson could have been applied during the Iraq War, but nary was the lesson a factor then. The U.S. could have won the

Related Essays

The Cold War And Diplomacy Essay

586 words - 3 pages The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy Alesha Lovette Strayer University Richard Nixon's six years in the White House remain widely viewed as pivotal in American military, diplomatic, and political history. In the two decades before Nixon took office, a liberal Democratic coalition dominated presidential politics, and American foreign policy was marked by large-scale military interventions; in the two decades after, a conservative Republican

Cold War And Us Diplomacy Essay

1023 words - 5 pages NATO as a defensive alliance against Russia. Also The U.S. had the best industrial plants and the atomic bomb, of which Russia did not have yet. But “in 1949, Russia exploded its first atomic bomb, so we no longer had a nuclear monopoly”.(Cold War) By the end of Truman’s last term, America was locked in a Cold War with Russia, with no foreseeable end. The merits of the Truman Doctrine have been debated for years. Defenders have seen the

Contributions Of The U.S. And The U.S.S.R. To The Cold War

778 words - 4 pages Contributions of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to the Cold War Student’s Name Course Institution Instructor Date Contributions of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to the Cold War Through an analysis of the Soviet Union’s perspective of communist-based system, the United States technological advance in manufacture of atomic bombs and missiles to bring the rest of the world to their knees, and post war estrangement of the Eastern European nations

The Cold War Essay 1731 Words

1731 words - 7 pages The Cold War and U.S Diplomacy politic 300 07/31/2011 The Cold War Diplomacy When most people think of President Kennedy’s Diplomacy efforts, they will often refer to situations that were resolved using the doctrine of flexible response. This is when the military and White House planners implemented a policy that offered them a range of options to choose from: in dealing with a host of threats. These included: the