The Cold War and Red Scare
The Cold War was a simple competition of two large political factions. To be more specific, it means the great diversion between the Western factions (led by the United States) and the Eastern factions (led by the Soviet Union). It started when World War II ended Truman entered into the White House.
The video says that the Cold War had a dramatic effect on American freedom. The main meaning of freedom is the trade liberalization. During this battle, American democracy developed some new markets like free enterprise, capitalism, an economy opposite to that of Soviet communism. And these new markets were known as "free enterprise," which had not occurred in the New Deal era. Although the U.S. claimed that they were fighting for the freedom ...view middle of the document...
And these bombs of either side can kill millions of lives in one attack. During this time, families were told to build a bomb shelter. For instance, there is a child wearing a suit with his dog standing in front of bomb structure materials in the picture of "Atomic Kids". I think this boy was being taught how to react in the event of a nuclear attack (CDF), or taught to know how to wear the radiation protection suit.
The "Red Scare" means anti-communism. Edward Hunter distributed a flyer about the phenomenon of Chinese brainwashing. He was trying to persuade the American people to believe that the country's safety was related to the Democratic Party. He thinks that the Chinese leaders are powerful enough to change people's thinking into their style of communism.
Joseph Raymond McCarthy launched McCarthyism in the early 1950s to increase the concern of "Red Scare". There seemed to be a wide variety of restrictions on individual freedoms as McCarthy exaggerated that some communists were working in the government and media. In the radio, television, film and advertising industries, many people succumbed to the pressure. They agreed to list some certain writers, actors, producers and directors, who would become blacklisted simply because these people were suspected to have some connections with communism.
In 1954, the development of McCarthyism reached the peak. McCarthy accused the U.S. Military and government officials of engaging in subversive activities. He held the Army-McCarthy hearings, which were broadcast live and would last for 36 days. However, he soon lost the support from members of the Senate and the Eisenhower administration.