The Cold War And Its Effects On The Civil Rights Movement

1522 words - 7 pages

The Cold War and the Civil rights movement
With its leading role in the creation of the UN, the Truman Doctrine, as well as the Berlin Airlift; post – war United States sought to establish itself as the citadel of democracy and protector of the free people in the face of the expanding Communist sphere of influence throughout the world. There was however, a domestic issue that seemed to go against the professed ideals of democracy abroad; American institutionalized racism. The Cold war had numerous effects on the American Civil rights movement; starting with its exposure of American racist policies and actions onto the world stage and the following blow to American moral legitimacy abroad. ...view middle of the document...

The news spread across the world, and “In the Communist bloc, the press seized upon the story as compelling proof that American democracy was a sham.” (119). Vietnam also serves as an example of American racial issues at home taking an international stage. MLK, knowing that an open attack on the Vietnam war would alienate himself from the man who had signed the Civil Rights act (Slate, 10/22); speaks out against the hypocrisy of the war in regards to racial relations at home, “We
were
taking
the
black
young
men... to guarantee
liberties
in
Southeast
Asia
which
they
had
not
found
in
southwest
Georgia
and
East
Harlem….” (Beyond Vietnam). As the grand majority of non – aligned nations were former colonies, highly sensible to racial issues, these attacks proved to be having a major impact on “ the anti –American or procommunist leaning of other nations” (Dudziak). The State department sought to change the domestic policies that put the US in this position. The Truman administration filed numerous amicus curie briefs in civil rights cases, where they “…focused on the negative impact on American foreign policy that a pro-segregation decision might have” (Dudziak). The success of this amicus brief campaign by the State department is best seen through the Brown vs. Board case, as the anti – segregation decision “helped to undercut the more powerful Anti – American arguments” (Dudziak). This Civil rights victory gave a major boost to US foreign policy, and brought hope for major change to the oppressed African Americans at home. However, something that has not been mentioned is the fact that American racism in the world stage increased the leverage of the Civil rights movement onto the federal government, and not at a local level. Unfortunately for many, particularly in the South, this “victory” had the complete opposite effect
Non – violent direct action had earned the Civil rights movement many victories at a federal level; however it failed to assure that these victories were also felt at a local level. The already established red scare paranoia, characterized by the fact that “many Americans equated support for racial equality with Communism” (Radio free Dixie, 64); was exacerbated by the Brown decision. KKK leaders “whipped crowds into a frenzy” (79) with rallies against race mixing and Communism. Instances of violence are numerous, ranging from assassinations to frequent “Dynamite attacks on black activists” (79); acts that led to disbanding of some NAACP branches. Southern youth “needed something more... the NAACP’s approach was too slow, too courteous, too differential, and too ineffectual” (145). Maoist thought emphasized that “revolutionary capacity of the peasantry was not dependent on the urban proletarian” (Black like Mao, 8) and China’s Great leap forward challenged “the idea that the march to socialism must take place in stages or that one must wait patiently for proper conditions” (39). In this aspect, Maoist thought deviated from the...

Other Papers Like The Cold War and Its Effects on the Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement in the 50s and 60s

2234 words - 9 pages African­Americans  would  receive  equal  opportunity  and  protection  in  the  United  States.  Tens  of thousands  of  people  of  all  races  risked  their lives, with  hopes of building a union for racial equality  that could  not  possibly  be  ignored.  The  Civil  Rights  movement  in  the   50s  and  60s  involved  blood,   sweat and  tears  of  many  individuals,  many  people  became  divided  by  their  individual  views  on  certain  ideas, race

Same-Sex Marriage And The Civil Rights Movement

901 words - 4 pages “Same-Sex Marriage and the Civil Rights Movement” Shelby Atkinson COM/170 April 27, 2015 Vanessa D. Hayden “Same-Sex Marriage and the Civil Rights Movement” Is the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and the fight for same-sex marriage the same? African Americans fought discrimination and unfair treatment, segregation and hate for being who they were. Same-sex couples are doing the same thing, now in fighting for equality, rights, and

African Americans During the Civil Rights Movement

1470 words - 6 pages followed, civil rights activists used nonviolent protest and civil disobedience to bring about change. The civil rights movement is what ultimately push President Kennedy and the national to reform( Jansson). Kennedy’s Civil Rights legislation of 1963 proposed prohibiting job discrimination on the basis of race and gender (Jansson). President Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. In the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Federal government assumed a major

The Black Civil Rights Movement in America

1767 words - 8 pages , thousands of blacks demonstrated in Birmingham, Alabama. They were attacked by police using cattle prods, horse pipe water, and dogs. In Selma, Alabama, The most important event that took place during the Civil Rights Movement was the African American’s fight to gain equality in voting rights. The media attention was caught by the violence that occurred during the marches which gave the newspaper to publish the event on the front page that

Civil Rights Movement

938 words - 4 pages Historically, the Civil Rights Movement was a time during the 1950’s and 60’s to eliminate segregation and gain equal rights. Looking back on all the events, and dynamic figures it produced, this description is very vague. In order to fully understand the Civil Rights Movement, you have to go back to its origin. Most people believe that Rosa Parks began the whole civil rights movement. She did in fact propel the Civil Rights Movement to

The Civil Rights Movement: American Declaration of Independence

2073 words - 9 pages ------------------------------------------------- AMERICAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Civil Rights Movement Deyana Faraj On the 4th of July 1776, 56 delegates to the Continental Congress signed a document that would not only declare independence of America from British colonial power but less than 200 years later, become the backbone of a new established America where the walls of discrimination and segregation would finally begin to

Civil Rights Movement

847 words - 4 pages Roots Many important events involving discrimination against African Americans proceeded the era known as the Civil Rights Movement. The importation and enslavement of Africans is perhaps the most notorious example of inhumanity in United States history. The abolishment of slavery did not change the perceptions that allowed discrimination to continue. • In 1808, there was a ban on the import of slaves. The prohibition was in vein because the

Rosa Parks' Prominence In The American Civil Rights Movement

3737 words - 15 pages Rosa Parks has gone on to become a prominent figure in the American Civil Rights Movement. She has become known as the African-American woman who refused to give up her seat to a white man and move to the back of the bus. However, there was much more to her life than that one lone incident. The Rebellious Life of Rosa Parks by Jeane Theoharis looks into that life and highlights all the important events that have made Parks an American icon. Some

Civil Rights Movement

772 words - 4 pages CIVIL RIGHTS REPORTERJune 2, 2003Little Rock NineToday, in Little Rock Arkansas, the school district superintendent of the Little Rock school board allowed the desegregation of a school here. Central High School added nine African American students to its population of about two thousand White students. The night before the first day of school, Arkansas' governor, Oral Faubus announced on television that the National Guard was posted at the

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. And The Civil Rights Movement

1186 words - 5 pages The 1960’s was a time period in which produced a plethora of social movements were taking place and consequently, laws were changed that affected our society as a whole. Some of those social movements were the Women Rights and Gay Rights movements, which were directly influenced by the Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights Movement produced many leaders, two of whom are Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X (El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz). King’s

Compare And Contrast The Contributions And Achievements Of Cesar Chavez And Martin Luther King To The Civil Rights Movement

1221 words - 5 pages Although Martin Luther King and Cesar Chavez came from very different backgrounds, their success as leaders of the Civil Rights Movement bears many similarities in its historic development. One major similarity between King and Chavez is that they were both great orators and made a number of notable speeches, which contributed to the social advancement of the minorities. King, who was ordained as a Baptist minister at the age of 27, was often

Related Essays

The Civil Rights Movement Essay

1214 words - 5 pages The purpose of this essay is to outline the main events of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Specifically, the focus will be on the main activists involved in the movement such as Martin Luther King Jr and Rosa Parks and the major campaigns of civil resistance. The Civil Rights Movement refers to the movements in the United States aimed at outlawing racial discrimination against African Americans and restoring voting rights in

The Civil Rights Movement Essay

544 words - 3 pages The Civil Rights Movement The Civil Rights Movement was a series of political movements for equality before the laws peaked in the 1960’s. During the period of 1954-1965, many gains were made in the progress of desegregation. In 1954, the landmark case of Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas deemed that separate education facilities for the races were unconstitutional. Though the ruling was a significant victory in the movement

The Civil Rights Movement Essay

4645 words - 19 pages The Civil Rights movement ironically has the pretext of promoting justice and equality; however, in recent years the once so-called 'Oppressors' have now become the 'Oppressed'. Due to Affirmative Action, equal-outcome programs, and hate-crime legislation, many Americans are now denied fair and equal opportunities, and equal protection and treatment under the law. To add to the insult and oppression of certain Americans today, there has been an

End Of Cold War And Its Effects On Africa

1112 words - 5 pages threatening international developments, which would have an effect on the Apartheid regime within the country. These changes meant that the party could no longer use the Cold War to gain support for the struggle against communism and that this would ultimately lead to a negotiation process between the party and its previously exiled opposition, the ANC. Neighbouring countries such as Angola, who supported the ANC’s liberation struggle saw an increasing