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The Classical And The Renaissance Art Periods

1291 words - 6 pages

The Classical and the Renaissance are both famous art periods in history. The Classical period was the time when the Greek and Romans still had their empires and ruled. The Renaissance period was the time when artists broke off from the Middle Ages and started their own movement. The Classical and Renaissance are alike in many of their art styles; there are only a few differences between the two art periods. Ultimately, the Renaissance was a revival of the styles, architecture, and philosophy of the Classical period.
Ancient Greek art is known for elevating the human form as seen in Classical sculpture, architecture, and pottery. The Greeks were independent and believed highly in ...view middle of the document...

In the beginning of the Renaissance there was a rise of humanism which put the focus on individualism and secularism instead of the Church. “The impetus for the classical revival was the belief that one could realize his or her full humanity only through classical education, which meant studying the culture of Western antiquity.” (MindEdge, 2009.) Because of this, there was a revival of classical philosophy that focused on virtues and science. The artists of the Renaissance introduced techniques such as oil painting, linear perspective used in architecture and painting, and aerial perspective used in landscaping. Science and art merged in the Renaissance and, as a result, artists started using mathematics to achieve linear perspective in their work. The artists in this time were greatly interested in perspective and using it in realistic imagery. The Renaissance artists tried and succeeded in a realistic representation of the world around them, especially the human body. In the Renaissance, personal fame was possible, as opposed to medieval times, when art was only used to glorify God. The Renaissance artists signed their art, hoping for fame and recognition for their achievements. The rebirth of the Classical period happened in the Renaissance with a few innovations as well.
The similarities between the Classical and Renaissance art periods outweigh the differences between them. Both believed in humanism and individualism. Unlike the Medieval period, artists in the Classical and Renaissance periods could become famous and renowned for their art work. Artists in these periods were intrigued with trying to create works of art realistically. Sculptures and paintings that featured the human body illustrated the artist’s desire to create a realistic human form because the works of art portrayed the human body perfectly. Mathematics was used both in Classical and Renaissance art to achieve art that looked like the real world. While the artists in both of these periods used mathematics to achieve had same goal, the artists took different routes to achieve realistic art. In Classical works of art, artists used mathematics to achieve harmony and balance, and to show the world realistically; in Renaissance works of art, artists used mathematics to achieve linear perspective to show the world realistically. While both Classical and Renaissance wanted to achieve authentic imagery of the world, Classical Roman art was used to celebrate military victory and the power the Romans held in the world while Renaissance art was used to celebrate individualism and their patrons. Classical art was lifelike but artists did not try to advance in their art as much as the Renaissance artists did. The Renaissance artists succeeded in advancing different techniques to represent the world authentically even more so than the Classical artists did. For instance, Renaissance artists developed better representations of light and shadow and Trompe L’oeil. By...

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