The Civil Rights Movement In The 50s And 60s

2234 words - 9 pages

The  Movement,  as  it  was  called  during  the  1950s  and  1960s  consisted  of  courageous African­American  men  and women but  also by college students and religious leaders  all of whom were of  a  different   race.  These  activists  of  change  and   equality  exercised  the  tactics of legal challenges, civil protests  including  sit­ins,  marches,  and  freedom  rides,  and  other  initiatives  in  their  efforts  that African­Americans  would  receive  equal  opportunity  and  protection  in  the  United  States.  Tens  of thousands  of  people  of  all  races  risked  their lives, with  hopes of building a union for racial equality  that could  not  possibly  be  ignored.  The  ...view middle of the document...

”1  Martha Biondi proficiently explored a wide range of topics in her  study.  Some  of  which  are   employment,  housing,  segregation  in  schools  and  public

accommodations,  and   political  participation.  I  think her opinion regarding the fight  for racial justice was


 Martha Biondi, To Stand and Fight: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Postwar New York City. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003),16.


about  group  rights  and  racial  equality,  not  simply  the  integration  of  people.  Biondi  goes  on  to  say that “Civil  rights,  meaning  the  right  to  due  process  and  equality  before  the  law,  was  an  important  goal throughout  the  movement.  But  the  struggle   for black right and equality did not begin in the quest of Civil Rights alone.”2

The  fifties  and  sixties  was  such an  historic  time for African Americans all around the world. This was  the  time  we  saw  the  rise  of  Dr.  martin  Luther  King  Jr,  the  non­violent  protest  movement  and  the Rosa  Parks  stance  in  Montgomery,  Alabama  in  1955.  It  is my belief that the war veterans sparked the start  of  the  Civil  Rights  Movement,  they  began  a  revolution  that  changed  history  in  the  United  States. Author  John  Dittmer  stated  that  “for  30  years  although  civil  rights  occurrences  in  Mississippi  had  been closely  identified  with  the  NAACP.  The  association  did  not  actually  become  an  active  presence  in Mississippi until after WWII.” 3  Throughout the fifties and sixties the NAACP played a prominent role in the  Civil  Rights  Movement,  some  of  their  most  significant  achievements  were  co­organizing  the  1963 March  on Washington, and successfully lobbying for legislation that resulted in the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Act.

There  were  many  prominent  members  of  the  NAACP  who  remarkably  changed  the  era  of the Civil  Rights  Movement  which ultimately changed the fate of the African American people forever.  Rosa Parks,  a  strong  independent  black   who  refused  to  give up her seat to a white man, this refusal resulted in  the  Montgomery  bus  boycott  which  lasted  a  year.  According  to  the  authors  of  the  book  Women and  the  Civil  Rights  Movement  “Although  black women in the Civil Rights Movement in the 50s and


 Biondi, To Stand and Fight,16.

  Dittmer, John, Local people: the struggle for civil rights in Mississippi. (University of Illinois Press, 1995, c1994.), 29.


60s  changed and influenced the movement, there aren’t a lot  of books that show illustrate their roles and contributions  who  struggled  with  the men, for equality and social justice in America.”4  I don’t think  this was  the  case  for  Rosa  Parks, over the next half­century, Parks became a nationally recognized symbol of  dignity  and  strength in the struggle to end racial segregation. I think the three female authors would be very  proud ...

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