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The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (Coppa)

1761 words - 8 pages

The government has passed some laws which are intended to protect children on the internet. The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) and Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) are to give protection for children who are accessing the internet. There are requirements and protective information for both COPPA and CIPA. Both acts are similar and different in ways to protect children but needed to be done with two acts. There are challenging elements with the COPPA and CIPA to implement in order to be compliant with the acts. There are reasons for the acts to define protection for different age groups such as COPPA defines a child under 13 and CIPA is under 17. When COPPA and CIPA ...view middle of the document...

The privacy needs to have certain information within the policy, for an example website contact information, the collected information, how information is collected and used, if information is released to anyone else, parental rights and information on ban of conditional participation on information collected. The CIPA requires schools and libraries who are getting federal funding for computer to filter offensive content. The CIPA is to protect minors from accidentally seeing offensive material such as porn, adult content, or other offensive material. The main requirement for CIPA is to filter the content children see when using computers in school or public library. One way to filter content on the internet is to use a proxy server to block offensive websites or can block all content but what is been approved by the school or library. According to Easttom (2006), proxy servers are used to filter incoming and outgoing traffic with the internet, however it does not affect the traffic on the network, (p. 18). There are other software that can be loaded at the computer which will do the same thing to allow or block children from getting to offensive material such as Net Nanny and similar programs.
The COPPA and CIPA are similar in the ways that the acts are used to protect children on the internet. The FCC has oversight over COPPA and CIPA to ensure people are complaining with the acts and can provide penalties when requirements are not being met. However there are a lot of differences between the COPPA and the CIPA such as the age difference on what is considered to be a minor, for an example COPPA is age 13 an under and CIPA is 17 and under. One of the difference is that school who are complaint with the requirements for CIPA can received federal funding for computer or reduce the costs of internet access to the school or public library. The COPPA is based on information collected by websites when children use the website with parents’ consent where the CIPA is to filter offensive information from children. The reason for needing two acts for protecting children is because one is for websites to get parents consents to children to use the site where the other websites are blocked to prevent children from access websites. There is a need for the two acts because the COPPA makes the website responsible for the content on the site and must have privacy policy on how the information is collected and used. With the CIPA, it puts the responsibility on the school or library to block content which is offensive to children to be compliant with the requirements or the facility will not get federal assistance. According to Kim & Solomon (2012), the FCC assume that libraries and schools will not be fined if they do not meet the requirements, however the library or school will have to refund the E-Rate discount while the facility did not meet requirements, (p460). The FCC will impose penalties on web sites who violate COPPA.
There are elements to COPPA and...

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