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The Black Plague Essay

618 words - 3 pages

The Black Plague The Black Plague, also known as The Black Death, was the worst natural disaster in history that ran from 1347 until 1350. The historians believe that the cause of the Black Plague originated in central Asia, and was a combination of the bubonic, pneumonic, septicemic, and enteric plagues.The bubonic plague got its name from the swelling of the lymph nodes called buboes. They were hard painful lumps that would show up on the neck, under the arms, and on the inner thigh. They would grow to the size of an orange, turn black, split open, and ooze pus and blood. The pneumonic plague didn't have the buboes, but the victim would suffer severe chest pains, sweat heavily, and cough up blood. The septicemic plague would infect a person via the blood stream. The victims ...view middle of the document...

A flea, having ingested plague-infected blood from its host, can live for as long as a month away from the host before he needs to find another host to live on. When a blood-engorged flea attempts to draw blood from another victim, it invariably injects into that victim some of the blood already in it. if the injected blood contains the bacteria yersinia pestis, the result is bubonic plague. Because fleas were a part of everyday life, no one noticed them much. Because of this invisible manner the plague spread from rat to human and to cat and dog as well.The pneumonic plague is pass via air. It is contracted by breathing the infected water droplets breathed or coughed out by a victim of the disease. The pneumonic form was much more deadly and spread more quickly and just as invisibly. On occasion the plague would be transmitted by direct contact with a carrier through open sores or cuts, directly into the bloodstream. This could result in any form of the plague, except pneumonic, and occurred mostly with the septicemic and enteric forms of the plague. The septicemic and enteric forms of the plague killed most quickly of them all.1347 the Black Death arrives in Messina, Sicily and spreads to all of Sicily and Venice.1348-1349 the plague rages through most of Italy and spreads into France, the Low countries, Spain, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Poland, Hungary, The Balkans, The British Isles, Scandinavia, Iceland, and Greenland.1349 Pope Clement II order flagellants to disband. Within a year the movement is gone.1351 The first sumptuary laws are passed to regulate wages in England. The Black Death spreads into Russia and staff for the Pope report that the Black Death killed 24 million people.1352 The Black Death has run its course in most European nations.1361-1390 the plague returns as an epidemic.

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