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The Black Civil Rights Movement In America

1767 words - 8 pages

The civil right movement refers to the reform movement in the United States beginning in the 1954 to 1968 led primarily by Blacks for outlawing racial discrimination against African-Americans to prove the civil rights of personal Black citizen. For ten decades after the Emancipation Proclamation, African-Americans in Southern states still live a rigid unequal world of deprive right of citizenship, segregation and various forms of oppression, including race-inspired violence. “Jim Crow” laws at the local and state levels. The nonviolent protest and civil disobedient were used by the civil right activist to bring change. The civil right movement produces many great leaders and many ...view middle of the document...

Many people worldwide saw the brutality the boy suffered. At trial, the Mississippi finds the two accused killers not guilty despite the two eyewitnesses and the nation outrage. The two men admit their guilt and describe the details after being tried twice to the interviewer Hue Williams. The death of Emmett Till and the killers lead to the civil right movement.
Shortly after the death of Emmet Till few months later, the 43 years old civil right activist Rosa Parks who worked as a secretary for the local branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks got arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the segregated city bus to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. This led the segregation of public transportation to come under attack. The law required that when the white section of the bus become full, African-Americans to sit in the back of city buses and to give up their seats to whites. Rosa Parks was a well-respected and dignified figure in the community, her arrest was finally enough to convince African-Americans that they could no longer forbearance discriminatory laws. The arrest of Rosa Park inspired the black leaders with the help of Ann Robinson the women political council were able to organize for 40,000 people within two days. On December 5, members of the African-American community assembled at the Holt Street Baptist Church in Montgomery to vote to keep the protest going. Their resolve was inspired by the words of Reverend Martin Luther King Junior. The city's black residents began a boycott of city buses after long tired of indignity segregation. The group that organized boycotts recruited King, a 27-year-old preacher, to head the Montgomery. King gave an inspiring speech” If we are wrong, the Constitution of the United States is wrong." The bus boycott lasted for one year until December 1956. The boycotters manage to do their daily routine by walking and relying on volunteer drivers in a carpool system to get to where they need to be, they gain strength in nightly mass meetings. This was a major blow to the bus company who suffered economically. This lead to several casualty of violence eruption, bombs were thrown to the organizers homes. The organization of the white citizen and the Ku Klux Klan hold rallies to attack the black communities. These lead to the decision of the Supreme Court to intervene integrates the buses and soon the black riders were on the buses again and sitting where they please

While the battle intensifies over the schools, an awakened civil rights movement among American blacks began to protest segregation in other areas of national life. In 1954 school segregation, the Supreme Court took great consequences; in Brown versus Board of Education of Topeka. The court set aside permitting cities of more than 15,000 to keep up separate schools for blacks and whites. They ruled that all segregation in public schools is inseparable unequal and all...

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