The association between moral foundation and political orientation in Australia:
Do the American studies carry over to an Australian Population?
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Swinburne University of Technology
Psych 101-Assesment 1
Due Date: 31st August 2015
Tutorial: Thursday 4.30-5.30
Political preferences seem an obvious topic of research, as the findings of such research are highly sought after. As such any research relating to what motivates political orientation would be very useful. For this reason a great deal of research into the relationship between moral foundation and political orientation has been done in recent years.
For this study political orientation is measured ...view middle of the document...
Also in that paper, they found that when asked if they agree with a moral statement relating to one of the five moral foundations, the Strongly Liberal participants agreed with the Harm / Care and Fairness / Reciprocity and disagreed the other three foundations (Graham, Haidt and Nosek 2009). Whereas a strongly conservatives averaged neutral on Ingroup / loyalty statements, while agreeing with fairness / Reciprocity, Harm / Care and Purity / Sanctity and strongly agreeing with Authority / Respect(Graham, Haidt and Nosek 2009).
In an earlier paper Haidt and Graham(2007) found that for extreme liberals, Harm / Care and Fairness / Reciprocity where almost always relivent, however those who are extremely conservative find that they value all five more equally when making moral choice. This correlates almost perfectly with the earlier paper from Graham, Haidt and Nosek(2009), showing that the findings seem highly reliable. Haidt and Graham(2007) go on to say that the recognition of the final three moral foundations(Ingroup / Loyalty, Authority / Respect and Purity / Sanctity) is key to allowing more fair and even discussions between the two political standpoints.
Furthering on this Tyran (2004) found that when a person is presented with a voting option in a referendum where the result would be of financial cost to themselves, but would be morally right, specifically relevant to the Harm / Care and Fairness / Reciprocity foundations, voters tended to vote for the morally right option. This demonstrates that the connection between moral foundations and political views may be more than just a surface value idealism but may actually have an effect on the way in which people vote.
This study aims to answer the question of whether the correlation between moral foundations and political orientation seen in the American studies will be recreated in an Australian population. If so are the same moral foundations associated with the same political affiliation. Furthermore what affect does this association (If present) have on the voting preferences of a person, being that in Australia the Liberal political party holds a conservative political orientation, whilst other parties, such as the Australian labor party and the Greens party are considered more liberal.
It is hypothesised that the...