1. The definition of interview
Interview is a conversation in which one person (the interviewer) elicits information from another person (the subject or interviewee). A transcript or account of such a conversation is also called an interview.
The interview is both a research method and a popular form of nonfiction.
2. The function and importance of interview
Interview is a good and straight way to help the audience to know the things they are unfamiliar with and even unknown. An interview is an exchange of information between interviewer and interviewee.
In addition, interview is the way more attractive and interesting than others.
Winfrey is best known for her talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show, which was the highest-rated program of its kind in history and was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011. Dubbed the "Queen of All Media", she has been ranked the richest African-American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history, and is currently (2012) North America's only black billionaire. She is also, according to some assessments, the most influential woman in the world. In 2013, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama and honorary doctorate degrees from Duke and Harvard.
3. Background of the interviewee – Michael Jackson
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor. Called the King of Pop, his contributions to music and dance, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.
Aspects of Michael Jackson's personal life, including his changing appearance, personal relationships, and behavior, generated controversy. While preparing for his comeback concert series titled This Is It, Jackson died of acute propofol and benzodiazepine intoxication on June 25, 2009, after suffering from cardiac arrest. He is a legendary figure who has the ability to drive the whole world crazy and let the world buries in grief.
Preparation of the interview
In a word, the more things you prepare the fewer gaps between you and your interviewee and the more useful information you may dig out. Generally, the preparation includes following steps.
1. Do research before interview
Oprah must use every possible method to learn all information about Michael, even very little rumor published on the tabloid.
Utilizing her research skills can provide her with a lot of information which others didn’t bother to collect. But it is not enough just to find the information she need to put it to work for her interview. Find out key points as much as she can so she can target Michael’s answers to the most controversial topic.
2. Setting up the Interview
1. make a appointment
2. identify yourself
3. consider your source’s convenience
4. Describe the story
5. Dress the part
6. Be on time
3. Design, practice and modify interview questions & Give a prediction of answers
Oprah must take the time to review the “standard” interview questions she will most likely ask. And she put most focus on the incredible rumors about Michael, and she just puts straightly the question out. This kind of way to question must be carefully considered, because the way she chooses must be accepted by Michael. Hence, the question formulation determines the interview to continue well or not.
The Types of questions
1. Close-ended Questions: