The origins of covert action in America’s intelligence activities go far beyond WWI. The Founding Fathers were the first ones in introducing intelligence concepts and intelligence activities during America’s revolution.
Benjamin Franklin is known as a big contributor in the processes and use of intelligence activities. He became known as a master of covert action (Central Intelligence Agency 2009). Franklin initiated his covert action skills when he was named Ambassador to France. Thanks to his charming and friendly behavior he was able to use his diplomatic position to gain access into high levels of the French government.
Benjamin Franklin managed his convincing skills to persuade them ...view middle of the document...
As for the United States of America, two important events changed the path of the American people; the premeditated Japanese attack against Pearl Harbor and the entrance of the United States into the international conflict that began WWII and with that a full activation of intelligence activities directed against American enemies. The use of clandestine operations and covert actions were a very important tool or “weapon” used to attack and to prevent attacks from enemies against American military interest.
1936 marked the beginning of a new establishment for the American intelligence community that opened new ways and incremented the potentiality of the use of intelligence operations in international and domestic conflicts.
The use of intelligence became an essential activity used in many occasions by the American government against its own citizens who advocated changes in the political system of the country. WWII and then the beginning of the Cold War rushed American citizens to re-think about the democratic system in which they believe deeply. According to a final report of intelligence activities and the rights of Americans, book II by the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations (April 14th, 1976), there are three Periods of Growth for Domestic Intelligence: (a) the pre-war -and World War II period; (b) the Cold War era, and (c) the period of domestic dissent beginning in the mid-sixties.
The activities against the American government due to the discontent of its citizens resulted in a wave of socialist ideologies that questioned the attitude of the American government in international conflicts especially in the War of Vietnam during the Cold War.
The unwanted conflict challenged the American democracy and its entire society. The American government had to fight two fronts for the first time; the international conflict in Vietnam and the domestic rebellion caused by general disagreement. The American government was forced to establish some drastic measurements to prevent further expansion of the domestic discontent.
From 1936-1945 by presidential directive --...