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The 12th Amendment Essay

1241 words - 5 pages

The 12th AmendmentThe 12th Amendment states: "The electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the president of the Senate; the president of the ...view middle of the document...

But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States."Basically, the 12th amendment allows Congress to act if no presidential candidate won the majority of the electoral votes. When this happens, the House of Representatives gets to choose the president. They do this by having each state delegation cast one vote for whom they think should be president. If the House of Representatives does not choose, whenever the right of choice is placed upon them, then the Vice-President takes presidency as if the President has died or has other constitutional disabilities, and others are chosen as Vice-President. This way, the Electors are directed to vote for a President and a Vice-President rather than for two choices for President.Prior to this amendment, before parties were a big ideal in American politics, John Adams was chosen for President in the 1795 election. Thomas Jefferson became Vice-President, and because the two were of different "parties" (Adams being a Federalist and Jefferson being a Democratic-Republican), the two had disagreements and conflicts and clashed several times during the presidency of Adam's.This event led to the sudden apparentness that there were flaws in the original system of voting. In 1799, Thomas Jefferson (the same Jefferson as above) and Aaron Burr both received 73 votes in the Electoral College, because no elector said which they wanted as president. This forced the House of Representatives to get involved and choose. However, both Jefferson and Burr were candidates of the same party and so the states preferred different candidates and were not able to get the required majority until the "stalemate" was broken. So this resulted in the 12th Amendment, which Congress approved on December 9, 1803, and was ratified on June 15, 1804.This amendment is significant for the United States and its people because it has made the voting process easier. It has also cleared up confusion in the Electoral College and limits the Electors to voting for only one suitable President and one Vice-President. This amendment also changed the history of American politics and how American politics is today. For...

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