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Texan History Essay

1517 words - 7 pages

Texan, which is the 28th state in the United States, was once separate from the rest of the Union as many states were. It was once also a Republic of its own. The Texans held a convention at Washington on the Brazos and adopted a declaration of independence on March 2, 1836. It shared a constitution similar to the United States as well. Though, throughout 1845 Texas grew a debt from 1 million to 8 million dollars. Because many people felt that letting Texas further live on its own would later damage the development of the United states. In 1844 it was called for an annexation, in which the state would be adopted with a state constitution.

Unfortunately the annexation brought along ...view middle of the document...

At first the US public was glamorized his escapades and would almost want Hollywood. After he was defeated in 1915 he turned his attention to border raids on villages in Texas and New Mexico. At any rate, U.S. President Wilson responded by stationing 100,000 National Guards troops along the border and sent Gen. John Pershing into Mexico in pursuit of Villa 1916.

Pershing failed to capture Villa, and when the US became involved in World War I 1917, the Mexican border immediately became a low priority. By 1935, Mexico had steadied its presidential devastation.

During the Depression years of the early 1930s, Texas managed-fairly well, buoyed by the oil boom. Farmers were hit hardest, especially in cotton growing East Texas where cotton prices bottomed out. New Deal policies eventually pumped $1.5 billion into the Texas economy and revived the agricultural sector. By the end of the decade the economy as back on track and growing at a rate of about 4% per annum.

The World War 2 years were especially good to the Texas industrial sector. Shipbuilding and aircraft manufacturing became important new industries and the petroleum companies expanded as fuel demands increased. Between 1940 and 1955, economic growth exceeded 9% per annum and many Texans moved into urban areas. The development of plastics further fueled the oil boom.

Introduction

Long before Europeans arrived, Indians in East Texas had found oil seeping from the ground and used petroleum for medical purposes. Survivors of the DeSoto expedition in 1543 used it to caulk boats near the Sabine Pass. But the first oil well wasn't drilled in Texas until 1866, when Lyne Barret in Nacogdoches County devised the first rotary drill. Oil had only a few uses: lubricant in road construction to settle dust, and as a cooking or heating fuel, which was quite expensive. In 1894 a large oil reservoir was discovered by accident in Corsicana and the first commercial refinery in Texas was established. During the early 20th century the Corsicana oil field which produced 500,000 barrels a year was Texas's biggest producer. Then an oil strike at Spindletop, near Beaumont, in 1901 set Texas on its way to becoming the oil capital of the United States. East and Southeast Texas turned out to be good sources for other large oil deposits because of the big salt domes below the eart!

h's surface that created perfect conditions for oil "pooling". Naturally the price of oil bottomed out but this made petroleum the cheapest fuel available and new markets soon opened up. Railroads and steamship lines converted from coal to oil and the petroleum industry developed practically overnight. Texaco, Gulf, and Mobil are three present day-oil companies that got their start at Spindletop.

Postwar Texas

Texas's history has been much based upon the development of the oil industry. Texas's industry changed throughout the '50s and '60s as manufacturing companies moved to the state to take advantage of...

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